Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
Most read reports
- Greater Horn of Africa Climate Risk and Food Security Atlas
- Review of durable solutions initiatives in East and Horn of Africa: Good practices, challenges and opportunities in the search of durable solutions
- Regional Outlook for the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region: Recommendations for Humanitarian Action and Resilience Response - October to December 2016
- National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), Early Warning and Response Directorate: Early Warning and Response Analysis - April 2016
- La Niña: Early warning – early action analysis for a potential La Niña in 2016 – 2017 Revised edition (August 2016) Update #2
Facts & Figures In 2017:
5.6 million people in need of food assistance
3.9 million people in need of water trucking
3 million acutely malnourished children & women including 300 000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition
1.9 million households need support to keep livestock alive
Almost 10% of the population chronically vulnerable to food insecurity
In December 2016, UNICEF has deployed 60 water trucks in Oromia Region to benefit an estimated 120,000 people with access to safe water.
UNICEF has also dispatched US$650,000 worth of household and community-level water treatment chemicals to different regions; and supported the rehabilitation and maintenance of sustainable water supply systems, which together benefitted around 700,000 people.
• Between January and September 2016, 247,480 children with severe acute malnutrition were admitted to the national Community Management of Acute Malnutrition programme. Out of these, 19,920 children (8 per cent) were admitted to in-patient care.
• In response to the new influx of South Sudanese refugees, UNICEF supported the Regional Health Bureau of Gambella to vaccinate 23,543 children 0 to 15 years old and 21,863 children 6 months to 14 years old against polio and measles respectively.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable prospects for 2016 main “meher” season crops
Below-average pasture conditions in southern and southeastern pastoral areas
Given the starting of the main harvest, cereal prices stabilized or declined though at high levels
General food security conditions improving with newly-harvested “meher” crops available for consumption
From 3 September to 30 October 2016, 36,673 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in Western Ethiopia. The average daily arrival rate has decreased from 1,000 at the beginning of September to 630 by end October. A new refugee camp, Nguenyyiel, has been opened.
Humanitarian Partners supporting Somali Regional Health Bureau response to AWD
A New Drought has started in south eastern parts of Ethiopia
Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) to provide livelihood support to refugees and host community in Gambella
1. SITUATION OVERVIEW AND RATIONAL FOR EDUCATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE STRATEGY
According to Central Statistics Authority, the total population of Ethiopia is estimated at about 92 million in 2016. Ethiopia has recorded one of the fastest growing economies (at an average of 10.5%) in the Sub-Saharan Africa in the last 10 years. However, it ranks 174 of 188 countries on the 2015 Human Development Index implying a long way to go.
Central Emergency Relief Fund (CERF) allocated US$9.5M for underfunded refugee response in Ethiopia
Drought expected to continue into mid 2017 in southern and south eastern part of Ethiopia
Shortage of learning supplies and lack of school feeding to hamper school enrolment
This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region. It presents a four-month trend analysis from June to September 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from October to December 2016. It is the fifth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in April 2016.
• From 3 September to 2 October 2016, more than 32,000 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in western Ethiopia. The refugees are coming at a daily arrival rate of about 1,000. This is a huge increase compared to a total of 2,000 between January and August 2016.
• In August, in response to the drought, 11,279 children in Afar, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray regions benefited from a range of child protection activities aimed at protecting children from child abuse, neglect and gender based violence.
UNHCR faces 90% funding gap as Ethiopia continues to receive a daily average of 1,200 refugees from its neighboring countries.
The Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund (EHF) allocated US$ 71.6 million for Ethiopia’s drought response including the recent US$6 m for Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) response
Seventh round of relief food dispatch and distribution ongoing
Facts & Figures
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Slightly below average production of 2016 secondary “belg” season crops
- Favourable prospects for 2016 main “meher” season crops
- Cereal prices are generally at high levels
- Number of people in need of assistance slightly declines, but food insecurity remains high
Production of 2016 secondary “belg” crops slightly below average
The Ethiopian Humanitarian Fund (EHF) allocates US$5.4m for acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) response
The Federal Ministry of Education calls on partners to address integrated school health programme
Humanitarian and development partners advocate for increased refugee host communities’ projects
South Sudanese arrivals since 8 July 2016, based on field reports (as of 14 Aug)
Total South Sudanese refugees as of 14 Aug (both pre and post Dec 2013 caseload and new arrivals)
Total South Sudanese expected by 31 December 2016 (RRP Planning Figure)
Refugees in South Sudan
Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in South Sudan
FUNDING (as of 02 August)
On 12 August, the Government of Ethiopia launched the revision of the joint Government and partners’ Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The revised HRD estimates that 9.7 million people in Ethiopia will be in need of emergency food assistance until the end of the year. This is a decrease from the 10.2 million people estimated at the beginning of the year. Similarly, the estimated number of children that require treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2016 decreased from 458,000 to 420,000.
USAID/Ethiopia Mission Director announces $35 million in new humanitarian funding for the Ethiopia drought response
GoE releases mid-year review of the HRD for 2016, requesting $612 million
Government and humanitarian partners need to scale-up their prioritized response to provide food assistance to some 9.7 million people in the second half of the year
The National Meteorological Agency cautions about the consequences of floods due to heavy rains in the coming two months
Ethiopia hosts the largest number of refugees in the continent while it is experiencing one of the worst drought in history: One Humanity, Shared Responsibility: World Humanitarian Day, 19 August 2016
83,714 * South Sudanese arrivals since 8 July 2016, based on field reports
933,506* Total South Sudanese refugees as of 31 July (both pre Dec 2013 caseload and new arrivals)
973,000 Total South Sudanese expected by 31 December 2016 (RRP Planning Figure)
264,204 Refugees in South Sudan
1.61 M Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in South Sudan
FUNDING (as of 02 August)
USD 608.8 M Requested by UNHCR for the situation