Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
Most read reports
- Review of durable solutions initiatives in East and Horn of Africa: Good practices, challenges and opportunities in the search of durable solutions
- Greater Horn of Africa Climate Risk and Food Security Atlas
- Regional Outlook for the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region: Recommendations for Humanitarian Action and Resilience Response - October to December 2016
- National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), Early Warning and Response Directorate: Early Warning and Response Analysis - April 2016
- Regional Outlook for the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region: Recommendations for Humanitarian Action and Resilience Response, April-June 2016 [EN/AR]
Ethiopia was hit by one of the worst drought for the first time in history in 2015. The seasonal assessments that followed the occurrence of the drought were able to identify the needs in the various sectors including the precarious protection situation of vulnerable groups including women and children, persons with disabilities, the elderly, internally displaced persons etc. The various requirements including protection needs were subsequently highlighted in the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document.
In 2016, Ethiopia experienced the worst drought in the past fifty years which lead to a record level of humanitarian needs. The El Niño phenomenon severely affected food security and agricultural production in Ethiopia, with cascading effects on livelihoods, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, education and other sectors. This was due to the combined effect of drought, flooding, disease outbreaks and malnutrition, as well as the disruption of basic public services, including health and education.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Heavy rains and corresponding flash floods as a result of the El Niño phenomenon and the regular Belg rains (March – May) occurred in the Eastern and Southern parts of Ethiopia in April 2016. The Belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. The first reports of flash floods and subsequent displacements of communities, especially in Somali region, was reported and responded to from 7 April.
Facts & Figures In 2017:
5.6 million people in need of food assistance
3.9 million people in need of water trucking
3 million acutely malnourished children & women including 300 000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition
1.9 million households need support to keep livestock alive
Almost 10% of the population chronically vulnerable to food insecurity
Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Round 1, carried out between September and October, had identified 167,688 persons (30,676 households) who have been displaced in 2016 and remain in situation of displacement in 135 sites across 6 regions (Afar, Gambela, Harari, Oromia, Somali, and Tigray). Of these 33% were as the result of communal conflict, 23% from drought and 44% due to flooding. The majority of displaced population were in Somali, Gambela and Afar regions.
In December 2016, UNICEF has deployed 60 water trucks in Oromia Region to benefit an estimated 120,000 people with access to safe water.
UNICEF has also dispatched US$650,000 worth of household and community-level water treatment chemicals to different regions; and supported the rehabilitation and maintenance of sustainable water supply systems, which together benefitted around 700,000 people.
• Between January and September 2016, 247,480 children with severe acute malnutrition were admitted to the national Community Management of Acute Malnutrition programme. Out of these, 19,920 children (8 per cent) were admitted to in-patient care.
• In response to the new influx of South Sudanese refugees, UNICEF supported the Regional Health Bureau of Gambella to vaccinate 23,543 children 0 to 15 years old and 21,863 children 6 months to 14 years old against polio and measles respectively.
The Ethiopian Government is planning to construct two new dams to mitigate Ethiopia’s devastating and recurring floods. The decision comes just a few months after flash floods ravaged the country, causing as many as one hundred fatalities and displacing tens of thousands of people.
The construction, orchestrated by the Awash Basin Authority of Water Resources, Irrigation (ABA) and Energy Ministry, will take place in the Afar region and is estimated to cost 11.7 billion Birr.
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 October to 31 October 2016.
Unrest disrupts the delivery of humanitarian services, declaration of State of Emergency easing movement of relief items to affected communities
Between January and August of 2016, 578,363 persons (107,217 households) had been newly displaced due to drought (10%), flood (60%) and conflict (30%). As of the end of August, 718,154 persons (130,573 households) were reported as displaced in the country.
From 3 September to 30 October 2016, 36,673 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in Western Ethiopia. The average daily arrival rate has decreased from 1,000 at the beginning of September to 630 by end October. A new refugee camp, Nguenyyiel, has been opened.
1. SITUATION OVERVIEW AND RATIONAL FOR EDUCATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE STRATEGY
According to Central Statistics Authority, the total population of Ethiopia is estimated at about 92 million in 2016. Ethiopia has recorded one of the fastest growing economies (at an average of 10.5%) in the Sub-Saharan Africa in the last 10 years. However, it ranks 174 of 188 countries on the 2015 Human Development Index implying a long way to go.
INSIDE THIS ISSUE :
How to link emergency and development – MoWIE
Linking humanitarian responses with sustainable water supply –UNICEF
Drought response –World Vision
CLTS in emergency – Danish Refugee Council
Dashboard Update 4 WASH Cluster SAG
REINFORCING PREPAREDNESS IN EMERGENCY
The year 2015-16 has been one of the most challenging periods for the WASH Cluster where response to El Niño driven drought.
This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region. It presents a four-month trend analysis from June to September 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from October to December 2016. It is the fifth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in April 2016.
In order to support management of the humanitarian response in Ethiopia, sectors have identified a set of response and contextual indicators. The monthly data provided against those indicators by the sectors has been visualized in the following info graphics. These visuals will help understand how the drought response is progressing and identify where issues are developing so that proactive measures can be taken
Between January and August of 2016, 107,217 persons (578,363 households) had been newly displaced due to drought (10%), flood (60%) and conflict (30%). As of the end of August, 718,154 persons (130,573 households were reported as displaced in the country.
The Cluster is currently 51% funded, having received $12.5 million of the $24.4 requested in the revised 2016 HRD.
• From 3 September to 2 October 2016, more than 32,000 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in western Ethiopia. The refugees are coming at a daily arrival rate of about 1,000. This is a huge increase compared to a total of 2,000 between January and August 2016.
• In August, in response to the drought, 11,279 children in Afar, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray regions benefited from a range of child protection activities aimed at protecting children from child abuse, neglect and gender based violence.