Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
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In 2016, Ethiopia experienced the worst drought in the past fifty years which lead to a record level of humanitarian needs. The El Niño phenomenon severely affected food security and agricultural production in Ethiopia, with cascading effects on livelihoods, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, education and other sectors. This was due to the combined effect of drought, flooding, disease outbreaks and malnutrition, as well as the disruption of basic public services, including health and education.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Heavy rains and corresponding flash floods as a result of the El Niño phenomenon and the regular Belg rains (March – May) occurred in the Eastern and Southern parts of Ethiopia in April 2016. The Belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. The first reports of flash floods and subsequent displacements of communities, especially in Somali region, was reported and responded to from 7 April.
In December 2016, UNICEF has deployed 60 water trucks in Oromia Region to benefit an estimated 120,000 people with access to safe water.
UNICEF has also dispatched US$650,000 worth of household and community-level water treatment chemicals to different regions; and supported the rehabilitation and maintenance of sustainable water supply systems, which together benefitted around 700,000 people.
• Between January and September 2016, 247,480 children with severe acute malnutrition were admitted to the national Community Management of Acute Malnutrition programme. Out of these, 19,920 children (8 per cent) were admitted to in-patient care.
• In response to the new influx of South Sudanese refugees, UNICEF supported the Regional Health Bureau of Gambella to vaccinate 23,543 children 0 to 15 years old and 21,863 children 6 months to 14 years old against polio and measles respectively.
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 October to 31 October 2016.
Unrest disrupts the delivery of humanitarian services, declaration of State of Emergency easing movement of relief items to affected communities
Government and Humanitarian Partners to Conduct the 2016 Ethiopia Meher Assessment
Over 450,000 People Need Urgent Water Trucking Services in Somali Region
Cluster Enhancing Logistic Capacity on Port operations and Overland Contracting
As of 08 November 2016, Ethiopia has lifted the directive which restricts diplomats from travelling beyond a-40 kilometers radius out of Addis Ababa without notification to the Command Post
From 3 September to 30 October 2016, 36,673 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in Western Ethiopia. The average daily arrival rate has decreased from 1,000 at the beginning of September to 630 by end October. A new refugee camp, Nguenyyiel, has been opened.
Central Emergency Relief Fund (CERF) allocated US$9.5M for underfunded refugee response in Ethiopia
Drought expected to continue into mid 2017 in southern and south eastern part of Ethiopia
Shortage of learning supplies and lack of school feeding to hamper school enrolment
In order to support management of the humanitarian response in Ethiopia, sectors have identified a set of response and contextual indicators. The monthly data provided against those indicators by the sectors has been visualized in the following info graphics. These visuals will help understand how the drought response is progressing and identify where issues are developing so that proactive measures can be taken
• From 3 September to 2 October 2016, more than 32,000 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in western Ethiopia. The refugees are coming at a daily arrival rate of about 1,000. This is a huge increase compared to a total of 2,000 between January and August 2016.
• In August, in response to the drought, 11,279 children in Afar, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray regions benefited from a range of child protection activities aimed at protecting children from child abuse, neglect and gender based violence.
IOM reports increased displacement in August due to flooding and conflict
Upcoming meher harvest likely to improve food security
DART assesses nutrition conditions in SNNP, visits USAID partner activities
The Agriculture sector started delivering seeds mid-April, in preparation for the Meher planting season, which takes place from June to mid-July. As of end of July, at least 90 per cent of crop seeds and 37 per cent of vegetable seeds had been delivered against the plans.
Government and humanitarian partners launched the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) for the second half of 2016. The revised HRD seeks additional US$612.4 million to help 9.7 million people with emergency food and non-food assistance. The total amount required for Ethiopia is US$1.5 billion.
Kiremt rains, flooding displace an additional 1,785 households in Afar, Oromiya during July
ESWG launches seed assessment; distributions remain ongoing in some areas of Ethiopia
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 1 June to 30 June 2016.
USAID/Ethiopia Mission Director announces $35 million in new humanitarian funding for the Ethiopia drought response
GoE releases mid-year review of the HRD for 2016, requesting $612 million