Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
Most read reports
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Facts & Figures In 2017:
5.6 million people in need of food assistance
3.9 million people in need of water trucking
3 million acutely malnourished children & women including 300 000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition
1.9 million households need support to keep livestock alive
Almost 10% of the population chronically vulnerable to food insecurity
In December 2016, UNICEF has deployed 60 water trucks in Oromia Region to benefit an estimated 120,000 people with access to safe water.
UNICEF has also dispatched US$650,000 worth of household and community-level water treatment chemicals to different regions; and supported the rehabilitation and maintenance of sustainable water supply systems, which together benefitted around 700,000 people.
• Between January and September 2016, 247,480 children with severe acute malnutrition were admitted to the national Community Management of Acute Malnutrition programme. Out of these, 19,920 children (8 per cent) were admitted to in-patient care.
• In response to the new influx of South Sudanese refugees, UNICEF supported the Regional Health Bureau of Gambella to vaccinate 23,543 children 0 to 15 years old and 21,863 children 6 months to 14 years old against polio and measles respectively.
From 3 September to 30 October 2016, 36,673 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in Western Ethiopia. The average daily arrival rate has decreased from 1,000 at the beginning of September to 630 by end October. A new refugee camp, Nguenyyiel, has been opened.
• From 3 September to 2 October 2016, more than 32,000 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in western Ethiopia. The refugees are coming at a daily arrival rate of about 1,000. This is a huge increase compared to a total of 2,000 between January and August 2016.
• In August, in response to the drought, 11,279 children in Afar, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray regions benefited from a range of child protection activities aimed at protecting children from child abuse, neglect and gender based violence.
Facts & Figures
On 12 August, the Government of Ethiopia launched the revision of the joint Government and partners’ Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The revised HRD estimates that 9.7 million people in Ethiopia will be in need of emergency food assistance until the end of the year. This is a decrease from the 10.2 million people estimated at the beginning of the year. Similarly, the estimated number of children that require treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2016 decreased from 458,000 to 420,000.
· In 2016, UNICEF has reached more than 1.1 million people with access to clean water through the rehabilitation and drilling of water schemes, provision of water purification materials and through water trucking in the drought affected regions of Afar, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray.
On Monday 13 June, Irish Aid airlifted 23 tonnes of emergency relief items to families displaced by recent flooding in Ethiopia.
The El Niño weather event, one of the strongest ever measured, has caused unpredictable and severe weather conditions in Ethiopia. The country has experienced its worst drought in decades. Food production has declined dramatically, and the food and nutrition security situation in many parts of Ethiopia has deteriorated significantly. Over 10 million people are in need of assistance.
- Recent floods in Somalia's central Hiran region bordering Ethiopia has caused displacement and created urgent humanitarian needs. At least 70 000 people have been displaced around the town of Beletweyne alone.
- The community-led early warning system worked well with only three reported deaths in Beletweyne so far. However, the town centre is completely flooded, including a hospital, schools and other infrastructure.
- There were already approx.
International Development Minister Nick Hurd discussed challenges facing Africa and how UK aid is helping build a brighter future at the African Development Bank Annual Meeting.
International Development Minister Nick Hurd highlighted the UK’s leading role in supporting Africa to increase energy access and respond effectively to climate shocks, during his first visit to Zambia today.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
We are given a tremendous opportunity to help the millions of people, families, and communities affected by one of the strongest El Niño episodes in history. Together, we must now act to prevent enormous suffering by supporting the national and international response to the immediate needs and indeed for longer-term resilience.