Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
Most read reports
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- National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), Early Warning and Response Directorate: Early Warning and Response Analysis - April 2016
In December 2016, UNICEF has deployed 60 water trucks in Oromia Region to benefit an estimated 120,000 people with access to safe water.
UNICEF has also dispatched US$650,000 worth of household and community-level water treatment chemicals to different regions; and supported the rehabilitation and maintenance of sustainable water supply systems, which together benefitted around 700,000 people.
• Between January and September 2016, 247,480 children with severe acute malnutrition were admitted to the national Community Management of Acute Malnutrition programme. Out of these, 19,920 children (8 per cent) were admitted to in-patient care.
• In response to the new influx of South Sudanese refugees, UNICEF supported the Regional Health Bureau of Gambella to vaccinate 23,543 children 0 to 15 years old and 21,863 children 6 months to 14 years old against polio and measles respectively.
Inside this issue:
Borehole rehabilitation & Development by MoWIE
WASH Projections for 2017
Emergency WASH Project by Care Ethiopia
Global Handwashing Day celebration by International Medical Corps
WASH Cluster Dashboard Reflection
WASH Cluster Focal Points
WASH Cluster exceeds the HRD 2016 target
From 3 September to 30 October 2016, 36,673 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in Western Ethiopia. The average daily arrival rate has decreased from 1,000 at the beginning of September to 630 by end October. A new refugee camp, Nguenyyiel, has been opened.
684,705 The total number of IDPs including protracted and new caseloads in the country as of July
2016 373,231 Individuals displaced due to the flooding as of July 2016.
264,079 Individuals are still displaced due to the impact of El Niño as of July 2016.
10.2 M Individuals affected by the drought according to the Humanitarian Requirements Document.
USD 23.8 M Protection funding requirements 21.5 % funded
1. SITUATION OVERVIEW AND RATIONAL FOR EDUCATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE STRATEGY
According to Central Statistics Authority, the total population of Ethiopia is estimated at about 92 million in 2016. Ethiopia has recorded one of the fastest growing economies (at an average of 10.5%) in the Sub-Saharan Africa in the last 10 years. However, it ranks 174 of 188 countries on the 2015 Human Development Index implying a long way to go.
INSIDE THIS ISSUE :
How to link emergency and development – MoWIE
Linking humanitarian responses with sustainable water supply –UNICEF
Drought response –World Vision
CLTS in emergency – Danish Refugee Council
Dashboard Update 4 WASH Cluster SAG
REINFORCING PREPAREDNESS IN EMERGENCY
The year 2015-16 has been one of the most challenging periods for the WASH Cluster where response to El Niño driven drought.
• From 3 September to 2 October 2016, more than 32,000 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in western Ethiopia. The refugees are coming at a daily arrival rate of about 1,000. This is a huge increase compared to a total of 2,000 between January and August 2016.
• In August, in response to the drought, 11,279 children in Afar, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray regions benefited from a range of child protection activities aimed at protecting children from child abuse, neglect and gender based violence.
On 12 August, the Government of Ethiopia launched the revision of the joint Government and partners’ Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The revised HRD estimates that 9.7 million people in Ethiopia will be in need of emergency food assistance until the end of the year. This is a decrease from the 10.2 million people estimated at the beginning of the year. Similarly, the estimated number of children that require treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2016 decreased from 458,000 to 420,000.
1 Executive Summary
The WASH Cluster objective during the response to the El-Niño induced flood crisis in Ethiopia is to provide access to safe water and appropriate sanitation facilities, including dissemination of hygiene messages to flood affected communities. This objective will contribute to a measurable improvement in WASH-related morbidity and mortality among the affected population through the efficient, effective and timely implementation of emergency WASH and related early recovery programmes.
INSIDE THIS ISSUE :
Flooding & AWD 1
Gaps: Rehab of Water Schemes 2
WASH Cluster Presence 2
AWD Response by IRC 3
Development in Emergency by REST 3
WASH Cluster Coordination 4
Remote Sensing by EU/UNICEF 4
RESPONDING TO FLOOD AND ACUTE WATERY DIARRHOEA
-WATER TREATMENT CHEMICAL & JERRY CAN STILL IN NEED-
· In 2016, UNICEF has reached more than 1.1 million people with access to clean water through the rehabilitation and drilling of water schemes, provision of water purification materials and through water trucking in the drought affected regions of Afar, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray.
Ethiopia has been experiencing one of the worst droughts in decades. The main rainy season (kiremt rains) that is vital for producing over 80 per cent of Ethiopia’s agricultural yield – in an industry that employs 85 per cent of the country’s workforce – failed in 2015, and a powerful El Niño weather event continues to wreak havoc on children’s lives and their families’ livelihoods.
Context and Investment Case
One of the strongest El Niño events ever recorded places the lives of 26.5 million children at risk of malnutrition, water shortages and disease in ten countries in Eastern and Southern Africa. UNICEF is responding to four primary needs:
Over 1 million children are in need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the region.
· UNICEF has improved its quality assurance mechanism of the Community Management of Acute Malnutrition Programme by recruiting 10 more field monitors, deployed in SNNPR, Amhara and Oromia regions. The field monitors will monitor the progress and performance of the humanitarian response with respect to quality of service provided by the CMAM and the infant and young child feeding (IYCF) programmes and in response to the drought situation.
• Ethiopia has been experiencing one of the worst droughts in decades. The main rainy season (kiremt rains) that is vital for producing over 80 per cent of Ethiopia’s agricultural yield – in an industry that employs 85 per cent of the country’s workforce – failed in 2015, and a powerful El Niño weather event continues to wreak havoc on children’s lives and their families’ livelihoods.