Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
Most read reports
- Review of durable solutions initiatives in East and Horn of Africa: Good practices, challenges and opportunities in the search of durable solutions
- Countries Affected by 2015 - 2016 El Nino -13 April 2016
- National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), Early Warning and Response Directorate: Early Warning and Response Analysis - April 2016
- Regional Outlook for the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region: Recommendations for Humanitarian Action and Resilience Response, April-June 2016 [EN/AR]
- La Niña: Early warning – early action analysis for a potential La Niña in 2016 – 2017 Revised edition (August 2016) Update #2
Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Round 1, carried out between September and October, had identified 167,688 persons (30,676 households) who have been displaced in 2016 and remain in situation of displacement in 135 sites across 6 regions (Afar, Gambela, Harari, Oromia, Somali, and Tigray). Of these 33% were as the result of communal conflict, 23% from drought and 44% due to flooding. The majority of displaced population were in Somali, Gambela and Afar regions.
Between January and August of 2016, 578,363 persons (107,217 households) had been newly displaced due to drought (10%), flood (60%) and conflict (30%). As of the end of August, 718,154 persons (130,573 households) were reported as displaced in the country.
Between January and August of 2016, 107,217 persons (578,363 households) had been newly displaced due to drought (10%), flood (60%) and conflict (30%). As of the end of August, 718,154 persons (130,573 households were reported as displaced in the country.
The Cluster is currently 51% funded, having received $12.5 million of the $24.4 requested in the revised 2016 HRD.
It was estimated that in 2016 a total of nearly 150,000 people would be displaced within Ethiopia from the effect of El Nino-exacerbated drought, flooding and inter-communities tension.
Around 90% of the flood-displaced population returns to their place of origin within a short time frame. However, those who have lost their livestock as well as been displaced by the drought are often without prospect of longer-term solutions.
As of August 2016, 718,154 persons (130,573 households) are reportedly displaced in Ethiopia. The number of IDPs displaced by flooding has significantly reduced, no accounting for only 6.8% of new IDPs - down from 57% in the last report. Displacement through inter-community tension has, however, been increasing over the past few months.
Since the beginning of 2016, 29,489 households have been reached with emergency shelter kits and 31,727 households with NFI kits across 6 regions.
This document provides guidelines for minimum kit content and specification for emergency shelter and household Non-Food Items assistance to the flood affected and/or displaced population in Ethiopia. It is subject to revisions as necessary.