Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
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GoE, relief actors launch assessment of belg seasonal outcomes on June 5
Flood-affected households receive emergency relief items
Ambassador Haslach and DART visit USG programs in Afar
Scaled-up response required to curb the ongoing acute watery diarrhea (AWD) outbreak in Oromia, Somali and SNNP regions.
The National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) alerting regions and the community on possible disasters following heavy k iremt rains
Rain breaks over the last two weeks eased food dispatches.
10.2 million people are in need of food assistance in 2016 across Ethiopia, a number likely to grow in the months ahead.
WFP currently needs USD 570 million to support 7.6 drought affected people in 2016, and USD 30 million to provide food assistance to refugees hosted in Ethiopia.
10.2 million people in need of food assistance in 2016.
7.6 million people targeted in the joint 2016 Government-WFP response
USD370 million urgently required by WFP to address food assistance needs in Ethiopia for the rest of 2016.
Food consumption among relief beneficiaries is showing some encouraging trends, but the situation remains critical for the drought-affected population.
Improved spring belg rains reduced demands on water trucking, but triggered massive flooding and an urgent need for water treatment chemicals. The kiremt summer rains are expected to be timely and most areas of the country that benefit from the seasonal rains are likely to have significant rainfall activitiy. With a global La Niña event also foreseen, further flash-flooding and flooding may occur.
• The Acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) outbreak is still on going in 11 woredas, six zones of Oromia and Somali regions. By week 21, a total of 1, 935 AWD cases and 19 deaths (CFR 1%, AR 0.05%)had been reported. Harena woreda in Oromia region reported its first case, increasing the number of affected woredas from 10 to 11.
• No new cases of suspected yellow fever have been reported since the 22 reported during week 20/2016 in South Omo. Active surveillance continues in the area.
Kiremt rainfall likely to be at least average, with increased risk of flooding in some areas
• Ethiopia has been experiencing one of the worst droughts in decades. The main rainy season (kiremt rains) that is vital for producing over 80 per cent of Ethiopia’s agricultural yield – in an industry that employs 85 per cent of the country’s workforce – failed in 2015, and a powerful El Niño weather event continues to wreak havoc on children’s lives and their families’ livelihoods.
World Food Programme (WFP) highlights heavy rains that continue to cause significant dispatch and distribution delays for the emergency response.
The Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance (ELRHA) network’s Humanitarian Innovation Fund avails funding for handwashing proposals in emergencies.
USAID provides over US$4 million to the Ministry of Education (MoE) for emergency education response.
- Recent floods in Somalia's central Hiran region bordering Ethiopia has caused displacement and created urgent humanitarian needs. At least 70 000 people have been displaced around the town of Beletweyne alone.
- The community-led early warning system worked well with only three reported deaths in Beletweyne so far. However, the town centre is completely flooded, including a hospital, schools and other infrastructure.
- There were already approx.
Reduced rainfall expected to alleviate flooding concerns in the Shabelle River basin
Africa Weather Hazards
Despite more favorable rainfall along the coast during the last week, low and poorly-distributed rainfall during April and May has led to moderate moisture deficits over Liberia, portions of eastern Guinea Conakry, Cote d’Ivoire, and western Ghana.
The El Niño-related drought continues to affect millions of Ethiopians, deepening food insecurity, malnutrition and increasing water shortages. The belg rain failure, erratic meher rains and flash floods have exacerbated these conditions in some areas. Additional health risks include the further spread of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD), measles and severe acute malnutrition (SAM). There is also an increased risk of outbreaks of yellow fever in the country.
International Development Minister Nick Hurd discussed challenges facing Africa and how UK aid is helping build a brighter future at the African Development Bank Annual Meeting.
International Development Minister Nick Hurd highlighted the UK’s leading role in supporting Africa to increase energy access and respond effectively to climate shocks, during his first visit to Zambia today.
Humanitarian funding requirements increase to more than $1.5 billion
Flash floods displace nearly 237,000 people
GoE, relief actors prepare to evaluate belg seasonal outcomes and impacts
Ethiopia showcases best practices in drought response at World Humanitarian Summit (WHS).
Joint Government and humanitarian partners’ assessment on the impact of the belg rains.
National Meteorological Agency (NMA) forecasts normal to above normal performance for the kiremt rains.
Ethiopia showcases best practices in drought response at WHS
Rainfall deficits continue to increase in the Gulf of Guinea region
Africa Weather Hazards
Poorly-distributed rainfall since October 2015 has resulted in large moisture deficits, leading to wilted crops, livestock deaths, and reduced water availability over many areas of Southern Africa. With the season coming to an end, recovery is unlikely.