Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
Most read reports
- Greater Horn of Africa Climate Risk and Food Security Atlas
- Review of durable solutions initiatives in East and Horn of Africa: Good practices, challenges and opportunities in the search of durable solutions
- Countries Affected by 2015 - 2016 El Nino -13 April 2016
- Regional Outlook for the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region: Recommendations for Humanitarian Action and Resilience Response - October to December 2016
- National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), Early Warning and Response Directorate: Early Warning and Response Analysis - April 2016
FAO RESPONSE IN NUMBERS
People food insecure (Revised August 2016)
USD 91 million
Required for the agricultural sector (Revised August 2016)
People assisted by seed and livestock interventions by FAO since January 2016
USD 14 million
Immediate FAO funding gap against the Ethiopia El Niño Response Plan 2016
Government and humanitarian partners are prioritizing AWD response in line with the mid-year review of the 2016 HRD and the operationalized ‘National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD
Enhanced and coordinated WaSH intervention is required to curb the spread of acute watery diarrhoea in the capital, Addis Ababa and the regions.
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 1 June to 30 June 2016.
This document provides guidelines for minimum kit content and specification for emergency shelter and household Non-Food Items assistance to the flood affected and/or displaced population in Ethiopia. It is subject to revisions as necessary.
South Sudanese arrivals since 8 July 2016, based on field reports (as of 14 Aug)
Total South Sudanese refugees as of 14 Aug (both pre and post Dec 2013 caseload and new arrivals)
Total South Sudanese expected by 31 December 2016 (RRP Planning Figure)
Refugees in South Sudan
Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in South Sudan
FUNDING (as of 02 August)
On 12 August, the Government of Ethiopia launched the revision of the joint Government and partners’ Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The revised HRD estimates that 9.7 million people in Ethiopia will be in need of emergency food assistance until the end of the year. This is a decrease from the 10.2 million people estimated at the beginning of the year. Similarly, the estimated number of children that require treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2016 decreased from 458,000 to 420,000.
Above-average rains remain favorable to cropping in northern areas, but flooding risks remain
Total rainfall since mid-July has been above average in most northern areas of East Africa, including most of Sudan, western and northern Ethiopia, South Sudan, Djibouti, and Yemen, and is contributing to mostly favorable cropping and rangeland conditions.
USAID/Ethiopia Mission Director announces $35 million in new humanitarian funding for the Ethiopia drought response
GoE releases mid-year review of the HRD for 2016, requesting $612 million
Description of the disaster
The African Public Health Emergency Fund (APHEF or the Fund) was established by the Regional Committee in 2012 with the aim of providing catalytic resources for initiating timely responses to public health emergencies. Ever since, commitments have been made at every subsequent Regional Committee session to improve the functionality of this solidarity fund.
Heavy rains expected to further increase risk of flooding in West and East Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
The persistence of above-average rainfall continues to increase both short-term and long-term rainfall surpluses and trigger flooding throughout many areas in Sudan, South Sudan and western Ethiopia. Above-average rainfall is forecast to continue over the region, further worsening the potential for flooding over many downstream areas of eastern Sudan during the next week.
Drought exacerbated by El Niño, combined with extensive flooding, disease outbreaks and the disruption of basic public services, is having a devastating impact on the lives and livelihoods of 9.7 million Ethiopians. Food security and agricultural production are severely affected, with cascading effects on livelihoods, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, education and other sectors.
What is La Niña?
La Niña is the cooling of sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific, which occurs roughly every three to five years, lasting from six to 24 months. On average, half of El Niño events are followed by a La Niña, which typically affects global climate patterns in the opposite way El Niño does. The intensity of the La Niña climatic phenomenon generally peaks between October and January
Purpose of this report
1 Executive Summary
The WASH Cluster objective during the response to the El-Niño induced flood crisis in Ethiopia is to provide access to safe water and appropriate sanitation facilities, including dissemination of hygiene messages to flood affected communities. This objective will contribute to a measurable improvement in WASH-related morbidity and mortality among the affected population through the efficient, effective and timely implementation of emergency WASH and related early recovery programmes.
INSIDE THIS ISSUE :
Flooding & AWD 1
Gaps: Rehab of Water Schemes 2
WASH Cluster Presence 2
AWD Response by IRC 3
Development in Emergency by REST 3
WASH Cluster Coordination 4
Remote Sensing by EU/UNICEF 4
RESPONDING TO FLOOD AND ACUTE WATERY DIARRHOEA
-WATER TREATMENT CHEMICAL & JERRY CAN STILL IN NEED-
Government and humanitarian partners need to scale-up their prioritized response to provide food assistance to some 9.7 million people in the second half of the year
The National Meteorological Agency cautions about the consequences of floods due to heavy rains in the coming two months
Ethiopia hosts the largest number of refugees in the continent while it is experiencing one of the worst drought in history: One Humanity, Shared Responsibility: World Humanitarian Day, 19 August 2016
The Horn of Africa and Ethiopia specifically are prone to cyclical droughts and flooding linked to the global El Niño and La Niña climate phenomena.