Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
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As of August 2016, 718,154 persons (130,573 households) are reportedly displaced in Ethiopia. The number of IDPs displaced by flooding has significantly reduced, no accounting for only 6.8% of new IDPs - down from 57% in the last report. Displacement through inter-community tension has, however, been increasing over the past few months.
Since the beginning of 2016, 29,489 households have been reached with emergency shelter kits and 31,727 households with NFI kits across 6 regions.
Facts & Figures
by Pius Sawa
Nationwide survey of soil conditions is leading to more effective use of fertilisers and could boost food security
ADDIS ABABA, Sept 29 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A comprehensive digital map charting soil fertility in Ethiopia is proving an important tool in tackling the country's low farm productivity, a challenge made more acute by climate change.
Read the full article here
New study shows indebted households in drought affected areas will continue to sell their assets including livestock unless humanitarian assistance continues throughout 2016 and beyond
Acute watery diarrhoea response is urgently needed to numerous at-risk Ethiopian schools.
NDRMC alerted humanitarian partners to respond to the possible consequences of flooding due to controlled release of water from Gilgel Gibe dam in downstream communities
IOM reports increased displacement in August due to flooding and conflict
Upcoming meher harvest likely to improve food security
DART assesses nutrition conditions in SNNP, visits USAID partner activities
This update is based on internal displacement figures made available to IDMC across 16 countries from January-August 2016. These figures will be updated and expanded upon regularly and can be accessed via IDMC’s Global Internal Displacement Database (GIDD) which can be viewed at http://www.internal-displacement.org/database.
The Agriculture sector started delivering seeds mid-April, in preparation for the Meher planting season, which takes place from June to mid-July. As of end of July, at least 90 per cent of crop seeds and 37 per cent of vegetable seeds had been delivered against the plans.
Government and humanitarian partners launched the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) for the second half of 2016. The revised HRD seeks additional US$612.4 million to help 9.7 million people with emergency food and non-food assistance. The total amount required for Ethiopia is US$1.5 billion.
Abnormal dryness within East Africa and elevated river levels along the Niger River in Nigeria
Africa Weather Hazards
A prolonged period of heavy rainfall has triggered flooding and inundation along the Niger River in Nigeria and Niger. As the river slowly drains, stream flow should remain high through early September.
Low and poorly distributed seasonal rainfall across parts of central Senegal have led to strengthening moisture deficits.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Slightly below average production of 2016 secondary “belg” season crops
- Favourable prospects for 2016 main “meher” season crops
- Cereal prices are generally at high levels
- Number of people in need of assistance slightly declines, but food insecurity remains high
Production of 2016 secondary “belg” crops slightly below average
The Ethiopian Humanitarian Fund (EHF) allocates US$5.4m for acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) response
The Federal Ministry of Education calls on partners to address integrated school health programme
Humanitarian and development partners advocate for increased refugee host communities’ projects
Rainfall has remained persistently above average in Sudan, western and northern Ethiopia and western South Sudan since mid-August, leading to a continuation of good cropping and livestock conditions, but also flooding in localized areas.
In central and southern Ethiopia, southeastern South Sudan, and much of Uganda, rainfall has been below average since mid-August. Seasonal rainfall deficits, particularly in SNNPR and central and eastern Oromia in Ethiopia, are leading to prospects for belowpaverage crop production in some areas.
Flooding risks remain in East and West Africa, while rainfall deficits increase in Ethiopia and Uganda
About Weather Hazards
The Global Weather Hazards report anticipates severe weather or climate events in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Central Asia. This product provides maps with current weather and climate information; short and medium range weather forecasts (up to one week); and the potential impact on crop and pasture conditions. It does not reflect long range forecasts or food security conditions.
Drought exacerbated by El Niño, combined with extensive flooding, disease outbreaks and the disruption of basic public services, continue to have a negative impact on the lives and livelihoods of 9.7 million Ethiopians. Overall food security and agricultural production remain severely affected, with cascading effects on livelihoods, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, education and other sectors.
Africa Weather Hazards
- Persistent, above average rainfall since July has led to excessively rainfall surpluses and floods that have damaged infrastructure, displaced populations, and caused fatalities in parts of Sudan, South Sudan, and Ethiopia.
- Below-average seasonal rainfall and persistent moisture deficits in the region have negatively impacted developing crops across parts of eastern Oromia and SNNPR in Ethiopia.
- There is a potential for increased number of locusts migrating from the Arabian Peninsula which may negatively impact cropping …
Kiremt rains, flooding displace an additional 1,785 households in Afar, Oromiya during July
ESWG launches seed assessment; distributions remain ongoing in some areas of Ethiopia
FAO RESPONSE IN NUMBERS
People food insecure (Revised August 2016)
USD 91 million
Required for the agricultural sector (Revised August 2016)
People assisted by seed and livestock interventions by FAO since January 2016
USD 14 million
Immediate FAO funding gap against the Ethiopia El Niño Response Plan 2016