Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
Most read reports
- Countries Affected by 2015 - 2016 El Nino -13 April 2016
- Greater Horn of Africa Climate Risk and Food Security Atlas
- Review of durable solutions initiatives in East and Horn of Africa: Good practices, challenges and opportunities in the search of durable solutions
- National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), Early Warning and Response Directorate: Early Warning and Response Analysis - April 2016
- Regional Outlook for the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region: Recommendations for Humanitarian Action and Resilience Response - October to December 2016
Facts & Figures In 2017:
5.6 million people in need of food assistance
3.9 million people in need of water trucking
3 million acutely malnourished children & women including 300 000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition
1.9 million households need support to keep livestock alive
Almost 10% of the population chronically vulnerable to food insecurity
In December 2016, UNICEF has deployed 60 water trucks in Oromia Region to benefit an estimated 120,000 people with access to safe water.
UNICEF has also dispatched US$650,000 worth of household and community-level water treatment chemicals to different regions; and supported the rehabilitation and maintenance of sustainable water supply systems, which together benefitted around 700,000 people.
• Between January and September 2016, 247,480 children with severe acute malnutrition were admitted to the national Community Management of Acute Malnutrition programme. Out of these, 19,920 children (8 per cent) were admitted to in-patient care.
• In response to the new influx of South Sudanese refugees, UNICEF supported the Regional Health Bureau of Gambella to vaccinate 23,543 children 0 to 15 years old and 21,863 children 6 months to 14 years old against polio and measles respectively.
Inside this issue:
Borehole rehabilitation & Development by MoWIE
WASH Projections for 2017
Emergency WASH Project by Care Ethiopia
Global Handwashing Day celebration by International Medical Corps
WASH Cluster Dashboard Reflection
WASH Cluster Focal Points
WASH Cluster exceeds the HRD 2016 target
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable prospects for 2016 main “meher” season crops
Below-average pasture conditions in southern and southeastern pastoral areas
Given the starting of the main harvest, cereal prices stabilized or declined though at high levels
General food security conditions improving with newly-harvested “meher” crops available for consumption
The Ethiopian Government is planning to construct two new dams to mitigate Ethiopia’s devastating and recurring floods. The decision comes just a few months after flash floods ravaged the country, causing as many as one hundred fatalities and displacing tens of thousands of people.
The construction, orchestrated by the Awash Basin Authority of Water Resources, Irrigation (ABA) and Energy Ministry, will take place in the Afar region and is estimated to cost 11.7 billion Birr.
From 3 September to 30 October 2016, 36,673 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in Western Ethiopia. The average daily arrival rate has decreased from 1,000 at the beginning of September to 630 by end October. A new refugee camp, Nguenyyiel, has been opened.
• From 3 September to 2 October 2016, more than 32,000 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in western Ethiopia. The refugees are coming at a daily arrival rate of about 1,000. This is a huge increase compared to a total of 2,000 between January and August 2016.
• In August, in response to the drought, 11,279 children in Afar, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray regions benefited from a range of child protection activities aimed at protecting children from child abuse, neglect and gender based violence.
It was estimated that in 2016 a total of nearly 150,000 people would be displaced within Ethiopia from the effect of El Nino-exacerbated drought, flooding and inter-communities tension.
Around 90% of the flood-displaced population returns to their place of origin within a short time frame. However, those who have lost their livestock as well as been displaced by the drought are often without prospect of longer-term solutions.
Facts & Figures
by Pius Sawa
Nationwide survey of soil conditions is leading to more effective use of fertilisers and could boost food security
ADDIS ABABA, Sept 29 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A comprehensive digital map charting soil fertility in Ethiopia is proving an important tool in tackling the country's low farm productivity, a challenge made more acute by climate change.
Read the full article here
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Slightly below average production of 2016 secondary “belg” season crops
- Favourable prospects for 2016 main “meher” season crops
- Cereal prices are generally at high levels
- Number of people in need of assistance slightly declines, but food insecurity remains high
Production of 2016 secondary “belg” crops slightly below average
On 12 August, the Government of Ethiopia launched the revision of the joint Government and partners’ Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The revised HRD estimates that 9.7 million people in Ethiopia will be in need of emergency food assistance until the end of the year. This is a decrease from the 10.2 million people estimated at the beginning of the year. Similarly, the estimated number of children that require treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2016 decreased from 458,000 to 420,000.
$45 million additional funding urgently needed to support Ethiopian agriculture
12 August 2016, Rome - With this year's main planting season winding down in Ethiopia, there is still a small window of opportunity in September for farmers to plant the last set of crops this year and grow food for millions facing hunger, provided the necessary support arrives on time.
US$612.4 million urgently needed to address food and non-food needs for 9.7million people
Addis Ababa, 12 August 2016: On 12 August, the Government of Ethiopia officially launched the revision of the joint-Government and partners’ Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) for the second half of 2016. The revised HRD seeks US$612.4 million to help 9.7 million people with emergency food and non-food assistance.
· In 2016, UNICEF has reached more than 1.1 million people with access to clean water through the rehabilitation and drilling of water schemes, provision of water purification materials and through water trucking in the drought affected regions of Afar, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray.
Addis Ababa July 14/2016 The Japanese company Panasonic Corporation has donated today 2,400 solar lanterns worth USD 120,000 to be distributed in drought affected areas.
After receiving the donation from Norika Tanaka, Assistance Chief of Panasonic Corporation, Moureen Achieng , Chief of IOM Mission in Ethiopia said the assistance is an important first step that makes women, girls, children and the elderly who are vulnerable feel safe at night.
Plus de 60 millions de personnes sont déjà affectées par El Niño et davantage seront probablement très vulnérables aux répercussions de La Niña
6 juillet 2016, Rome - Les gouvernements et la communauté internationale doivent intensifier leurs efforts pour mettre fin à la souffrance des populations, renforcer la résilience et protéger les moyens d'existence suite aux effets dévastateurs du phénomène El Niño dans le monde entier, ont déclaré aujourd'hui les Chefs des agences des Nations Unies basées à Rome.
Over 60 million people affected by El Niño, many more highly vulnerable to La Niña's likely knock-on effect
6 July 2016, Rome - Combined efforts to prevent further human suffering, strengthen resilience and safeguard livelihoods in the wake of El Niño's devastating effects worldwide must be rapidly ramped-up by governments and the international community, United Nations (UN) leaders said today.