Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
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Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Round 1, carried out between September and October, had identified 167,688 persons (30,676 households) who have been displaced in 2016 and remain in situation of displacement in 135 sites across 6 regions (Afar, Gambela, Harari, Oromia, Somali, and Tigray). Of these 33% were as the result of communal conflict, 23% from drought and 44% due to flooding. The majority of displaced population were in Somali, Gambela and Afar regions.
Between January and August of 2016, 578,363 persons (107,217 households) had been newly displaced due to drought (10%), flood (60%) and conflict (30%). As of the end of August, 718,154 persons (130,573 households) were reported as displaced in the country.
In order to support management of the humanitarian response in Ethiopia, sectors have identified a set of response and contextual indicators. The monthly data provided against those indicators by the sectors has been visualized in the following info graphics. These visuals will help understand how the drought response is progressing and identify where issues are developing so that proactive measures can be taken
Between January and August of 2016, 107,217 persons (578,363 households) had been newly displaced due to drought (10%), flood (60%) and conflict (30%). As of the end of August, 718,154 persons (130,573 households were reported as displaced in the country.
The Cluster is currently 51% funded, having received $12.5 million of the $24.4 requested in the revised 2016 HRD.
As of August 2016, 718,154 persons (130,573 households) are reportedly displaced in Ethiopia. The number of IDPs displaced by flooding has significantly reduced, no accounting for only 6.8% of new IDPs - down from 57% in the last report. Displacement through inter-community tension has, however, been increasing over the past few months.
Since the beginning of 2016, 29,489 households have been reached with emergency shelter kits and 31,727 households with NFI kits across 6 regions.
The Agriculture sector started delivering seeds mid-April, in preparation for the Meher planting season, which takes place from June to mid-July. As of end of July, at least 90 per cent of crop seeds and 37 per cent of vegetable seeds had been delivered against the plans.
Drought exacerbated by El Niño, combined with extensive flooding, disease outbreaks and the disruption of basic public services, is having a devastating impact on the lives and livelihoods of 9.7 million Ethiopians. Food security and agricultural production are severely affected, with cascading effects on livelihoods, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, education and other sectors.
The Agriculture sector started delivering seeds mid-April, in preparation for the Meher planting season, which takes place from June to mid-July. As of end of June, at least 75 per cent of crop seeds and 27 per cent of vegetable seeds had been delivered against the plans.
2016 EMERGENCY RELIEF PROGRAMME
Of the total 10.2 million people in need of food assistance as identified by the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD), the Government of Ethiopia (GoE), National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), together with WFP, is assisting 7.6 million people. The remaining beneficiary caseload is covered by the Joint Emergency Operations Program (JEOP) NGO consortium.
Improved spring rains, while easing requirements for water trucking, have caused increased flooding. The multi-agency Flood Task Force (FTF) issued a Flood Alert in April 2016 to raise awareness of anticipated flood risk in southern and southeastern parts of the country. Additionally, the Alert indicated that flash floods are likely in the northeastern, central and eastern parts. The Task Force will update the Contingency Plan (CP) based on NMA forecast for 2016 meher season.
2016 EMERGENCY RELIEF PROGRAMME
Of the total 10.2 million people in need of food assistance as identified by the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD), the Government of Ethiopia (GoE)
National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), together with WFP, is assisting 7.6 million people.
The remaining beneficiary caseload is covered by the Joint Emergency Operations Program (JEOP) NGO consortium.