Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
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This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 October to 31 October 2016.
Unrest disrupts the delivery of humanitarian services, declaration of State of Emergency easing movement of relief items to affected communities
1. SITUATION OVERVIEW AND RATIONAL FOR EDUCATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE STRATEGY
According to Central Statistics Authority, the total population of Ethiopia is estimated at about 92 million in 2016. Ethiopia has recorded one of the fastest growing economies (at an average of 10.5%) in the Sub-Saharan Africa in the last 10 years. However, it ranks 174 of 188 countries on the 2015 Human Development Index implying a long way to go.
In order to support management of the humanitarian response in Ethiopia, sectors have identified a set of response and contextual indicators. The monthly data provided against those indicators by the sectors has been visualized in the following info graphics. These visuals will help understand how the drought response is progressing and identify where issues are developing so that proactive measures can be taken
It was estimated that in 2016 a total of nearly 150,000 people would be displaced within Ethiopia from the effect of El Nino-exacerbated drought, flooding and inter-communities tension.
Around 90% of the flood-displaced population returns to their place of origin within a short time frame. However, those who have lost their livestock as well as been displaced by the drought are often without prospect of longer-term solutions.
The Agriculture sector started delivering seeds mid-April, in preparation for the Meher planting season, which takes place from June to mid-July. As of end of July, at least 90 per cent of crop seeds and 37 per cent of vegetable seeds had been delivered against the plans.
Government and humanitarian partners launched the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) for the second half of 2016. The revised HRD seeks additional US$612.4 million to help 9.7 million people with emergency food and non-food assistance. The total amount required for Ethiopia is US$1.5 billion.
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 1 June to 30 June 2016.
1 Executive Summary
The WASH Cluster objective during the response to the El-Niño induced flood crisis in Ethiopia is to provide access to safe water and appropriate sanitation facilities, including dissemination of hygiene messages to flood affected communities. This objective will contribute to a measurable improvement in WASH-related morbidity and mortality among the affected population through the efficient, effective and timely implementation of emergency WASH and related early recovery programmes.
Drought exacerbated by El Niño, combined with extensive flooding, disease outbreaks and the disruption of basic public services, is having a negative impact on the lives and livelihoods of 9.7 million Ethiopians. Food security and agricultural production are severely affected, with cascading effects on livelihoods, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, education and other sectors.
The Agriculture sector started delivering seeds mid-April, in preparation for the Meher planting season, which takes place from June to mid-July. As of end of June, at least 75 per cent of crop seeds and 27 per cent of vegetable seeds had been delivered against the plans.
Addis Ababa July 14/2016 The Japanese company Panasonic Corporation has donated today 2,400 solar lanterns worth USD 120,000 to be distributed in drought affected areas.
After receiving the donation from Norika Tanaka, Assistance Chief of Panasonic Corporation, Moureen Achieng , Chief of IOM Mission in Ethiopia said the assistance is an important first step that makes women, girls, children and the elderly who are vulnerable feel safe at night.
Improved spring belg rains reduced demands on water trucking, but triggered massive flooding and an urgent need for water treatment chemicals. The kiremt summer rains are expected to be timely and most areas of the country that benefit from the seasonal rains are likely to have significant rainfall activitiy. With a global La Niña event also foreseen, further flash-flooding and flooding may occur.
This Prioritisation Statement has been prepared as a complement to the joint Government and humanitarian partners 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). It clarifies acute relief needs and major gaps that require urgent additional donor support. The HRD remains the common plan and implementation framework to address humanitarian needs in Ethiopia in 2016.