Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
Most read reports
- Greater Horn of Africa Climate Risk and Food Security Atlas
- Review of durable solutions initiatives in East and Horn of Africa: Good practices, challenges and opportunities in the search of durable solutions
- Countries Affected by 2015 - 2016 El Nino -13 April 2016
- Regional Outlook for the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region: Recommendations for Humanitarian Action and Resilience Response - October to December 2016
- National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), Early Warning and Response Directorate: Early Warning and Response Analysis - April 2016
The drought of 2015-16, combined with extensive subsequent flooding and disease outbreaks, continues to have a negative impact on the lives and livelihoods of 9.7 million Ethiopians and the disruption of basic public services. Overall food security and agricultural production remain severely affected, with cascading effects on livelihoods, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, education and other sectors.
1. SITUATION OVERVIEW AND RATIONAL FOR EDUCATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE STRATEGY
According to Central Statistics Authority, the total population of Ethiopia is estimated at about 92 million in 2016. Ethiopia has recorded one of the fastest growing economies (at an average of 10.5%) in the Sub-Saharan Africa in the last 10 years. However, it ranks 174 of 188 countries on the 2015 Human Development Index implying a long way to go.
Central Emergency Relief Fund (CERF) allocated US$9.5M for underfunded refugee response in Ethiopia
Drought expected to continue into mid 2017 in southern and south eastern part of Ethiopia
Shortage of learning supplies and lack of school feeding to hamper school enrolment
INSIDE THIS ISSUE :
How to link emergency and development – MoWIE
Linking humanitarian responses with sustainable water supply –UNICEF
Drought response –World Vision
CLTS in emergency – Danish Refugee Council
Dashboard Update 4 WASH Cluster SAG
REINFORCING PREPAREDNESS IN EMERGENCY
The year 2015-16 has been one of the most challenging periods for the WASH Cluster where response to El Niño driven drought.
Start of seasonal rainfall delayed over parts of Eastern Horn of Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Below-average rainfall since late September has increased moisture deficits and worsened ground conditions across eastern Kenya, southern Somalia, and southeastern Ethiopia.
Below-average rainfall since late September has strengthened moisture deficits and led to abnormal dryness in north-central Angola and southeastern Democratic Republic of Congo.
This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region. It presents a four-month trend analysis from June to September 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from October to December 2016. It is the fifth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in April 2016.
In order to support management of the humanitarian response in Ethiopia, sectors have identified a set of response and contextual indicators. The monthly data provided against those indicators by the sectors has been visualized in the following info graphics. These visuals will help understand how the drought response is progressing and identify where issues are developing so that proactive measures can be taken
Between January and August of 2016, 107,217 persons (578,363 households) had been newly displaced due to drought (10%), flood (60%) and conflict (30%). As of the end of August, 718,154 persons (130,573 households were reported as displaced in the country.
The Cluster is currently 51% funded, having received $12.5 million of the $24.4 requested in the revised 2016 HRD.
Building climate resilient communities highlighted as a long term solution to reduce reliance on humanitarian aid at the International Day for Disaster Reduction
Ongoing protests in some parts of the country affecting humanitarian operations
Shortage of equipment and limited access to fungicides affecting wheat rust response
• From 3 September to 2 October 2016, more than 32,000 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in western Ethiopia. The refugees are coming at a daily arrival rate of about 1,000. This is a huge increase compared to a total of 2,000 between January and August 2016.
• In August, in response to the drought, 11,279 children in Afar, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray regions benefited from a range of child protection activities aimed at protecting children from child abuse, neglect and gender based violence.
• Since mid-September, Uganda, eastern DRC, and southeastern South Sudan received above normal rainfall amounts, which helped ease prolonged dryness.
• In central and southern Ethiopia, particularly in SNNPR and central and eastern Oromia, below-average seasonal rains have persisted.
This has resulted in poor cropping conditions in these areas.
Africa Weather Hazards
It was estimated that in 2016 a total of nearly 150,000 people would be displaced within Ethiopia from the effect of El Nino-exacerbated drought, flooding and inter-communities tension.
Around 90% of the flood-displaced population returns to their place of origin within a short time frame. However, those who have lost their livestock as well as been displaced by the drought are often without prospect of longer-term solutions.
UNHCR faces 90% funding gap as Ethiopia continues to receive a daily average of 1,200 refugees from its neighboring countries.
The Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund (EHF) allocated US$ 71.6 million for Ethiopia’s drought response including the recent US$6 m for Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) response
Seventh round of relief food dispatch and distribution ongoing
Crop losses likely significant in parts of eastern and central Oromia and SNNPR
As of August 2016, 718,154 persons (130,573 households) are reportedly displaced in Ethiopia. The number of IDPs displaced by flooding has significantly reduced, no accounting for only 6.8% of new IDPs - down from 57% in the last report. Displacement through inter-community tension has, however, been increasing over the past few months.
Since the beginning of 2016, 29,489 households have been reached with emergency shelter kits and 31,727 households with NFI kits across 6 regions.