Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
Most read reports
- Greater Horn of Africa Climate Risk and Food Security Atlas
- Review of durable solutions initiatives in East and Horn of Africa: Good practices, challenges and opportunities in the search of durable solutions
- Countries Affected by 2015 - 2016 El Nino -13 April 2016
- National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), Early Warning and Response Directorate: Early Warning and Response Analysis - April 2016
- Regional Outlook for the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region: Recommendations for Humanitarian Action and Resilience Response, April-June 2016 [EN/AR]
Facts & Figures In 2017:
5.6 million people in need of food assistance
3.9 million people in need of water trucking
3 million acutely malnourished children & women including 300 000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition
1.9 million households need support to keep livestock alive
Almost 10% of the population chronically vulnerable to food insecurity
In December 2016, UNICEF has deployed 60 water trucks in Oromia Region to benefit an estimated 120,000 people with access to safe water.
UNICEF has also dispatched US$650,000 worth of household and community-level water treatment chemicals to different regions; and supported the rehabilitation and maintenance of sustainable water supply systems, which together benefitted around 700,000 people.
• Between January and September 2016, 247,480 children with severe acute malnutrition were admitted to the national Community Management of Acute Malnutrition programme. Out of these, 19,920 children (8 per cent) were admitted to in-patient care.
• In response to the new influx of South Sudanese refugees, UNICEF supported the Regional Health Bureau of Gambella to vaccinate 23,543 children 0 to 15 years old and 21,863 children 6 months to 14 years old against polio and measles respectively.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable prospects for 2016 main “meher” season crops
Below-average pasture conditions in southern and southeastern pastoral areas
Given the starting of the main harvest, cereal prices stabilized or declined though at high levels
General food security conditions improving with newly-harvested “meher” crops available for consumption
From 3 September to 30 October 2016, 36,673 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in Western Ethiopia. The average daily arrival rate has decreased from 1,000 at the beginning of September to 630 by end October. A new refugee camp, Nguenyyiel, has been opened.
Humanitarian Partners supporting Somali Regional Health Bureau response to AWD
A New Drought has started in south eastern parts of Ethiopia
Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) to provide livelihood support to refugees and host community in Gambella
Central Emergency Relief Fund (CERF) allocated US$9.5M for underfunded refugee response in Ethiopia
Drought expected to continue into mid 2017 in southern and south eastern part of Ethiopia
Shortage of learning supplies and lack of school feeding to hamper school enrolment
Start of seasonal rainfall delayed over parts of Eastern Horn of Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Below-average rainfall since late September has increased moisture deficits and worsened ground conditions across eastern Kenya, southern Somalia, and southeastern Ethiopia.
Below-average rainfall since late September has strengthened moisture deficits and led to abnormal dryness in north-central Angola and southeastern Democratic Republic of Congo.
This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region. It presents a four-month trend analysis from June to September 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from October to December 2016. It is the fifth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in April 2016.
• From 3 September to 2 October 2016, more than 32,000 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in western Ethiopia. The refugees are coming at a daily arrival rate of about 1,000. This is a huge increase compared to a total of 2,000 between January and August 2016.
• In August, in response to the drought, 11,279 children in Afar, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray regions benefited from a range of child protection activities aimed at protecting children from child abuse, neglect and gender based violence.
• Since mid-September, Uganda, eastern DRC, and southeastern South Sudan received above normal rainfall amounts, which helped ease prolonged dryness.
• In central and southern Ethiopia, particularly in SNNPR and central and eastern Oromia, below-average seasonal rains have persisted.
This has resulted in poor cropping conditions in these areas.
Africa Weather Hazards
UNHCR faces 90% funding gap as Ethiopia continues to receive a daily average of 1,200 refugees from its neighboring countries.
The Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund (EHF) allocated US$ 71.6 million for Ethiopia’s drought response including the recent US$6 m for Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) response
Seventh round of relief food dispatch and distribution ongoing
Facts & Figures
This update is based on internal displacement figures made available to IDMC across 16 countries from January-August 2016. These figures will be updated and expanded upon regularly and can be accessed via IDMC’s Global Internal Displacement Database (GIDD) which can be viewed at http://www.internal-displacement.org/database.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Slightly below average production of 2016 secondary “belg” season crops
- Favourable prospects for 2016 main “meher” season crops
- Cereal prices are generally at high levels
- Number of people in need of assistance slightly declines, but food insecurity remains high
Production of 2016 secondary “belg” crops slightly below average
Rainfall has remained persistently above average in Sudan, western and northern Ethiopia and western South Sudan since mid-August, leading to a continuation of good cropping and livestock conditions, but also flooding in localized areas.
In central and southern Ethiopia, southeastern South Sudan, and much of Uganda, rainfall has been below average since mid-August. Seasonal rainfall deficits, particularly in SNNPR and central and eastern Oromia in Ethiopia, are leading to prospects for belowpaverage crop production in some areas.
Flooding risks remain in East and West Africa, while rainfall deficits increase in Ethiopia and Uganda
About Weather Hazards
The Global Weather Hazards report anticipates severe weather or climate events in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Central Asia. This product provides maps with current weather and climate information; short and medium range weather forecasts (up to one week); and the potential impact on crop and pasture conditions. It does not reflect long range forecasts or food security conditions.
Africa Weather Hazards
- Persistent, above average rainfall since July has led to excessively rainfall surpluses and floods that have damaged infrastructure, displaced populations, and caused fatalities in parts of Sudan, South Sudan, and Ethiopia.
- Below-average seasonal rainfall and persistent moisture deficits in the region have negatively impacted developing crops across parts of eastern Oromia and SNNPR in Ethiopia.
- There is a potential for increased number of locusts migrating from the Arabian Peninsula which may negatively impact cropping …