Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
Torrential rains and corresponding flash floods since late March have left at least 236,890 people displaced. This year’s belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. Additionally, the floods are happening on the back of nearly 18 months of drought that left communities’ coping capacity weakened. (OCHA, 16 May 2016)
The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought. (ACAPS, 9 May 2016)
Recent flooding continues to displace people as well as damaging several water points. On 2 September 2016, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team released a joint plan to support Government response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Ethiopia. The plan is aligned with the Government's National Preparedness and Response Plan for AWD and the revised 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The AWD plan outlines activities in the health and WaSH domains requiring $22.4m to the end of 2016, which donors are encouraged to support. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2016)
Most people displaced by floods (91 per cent) returned to their area of origin, and may require further support to minimize seasonal displacement in the future. OCHA, 31 Oct 2016
Ethiopia was hit by one of the worst drought for the first time in history in 2015. The seasonal assessments that followed the occurrence of the drought were able to identify the needs in the various sectors including the precarious protection situation of vulnerable groups including women and children, persons with disabilities, the elderly, internally displaced persons etc. The various requirements including protection needs were subsequently highlighted in the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document.
In 2016, Ethiopia experienced the worst drought in the past fifty years which lead to a record level of humanitarian needs. The El Niño phenomenon severely affected food security and agricultural production in Ethiopia, with cascading effects on livelihoods, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, education and other sectors. This was due to the combined effect of drought, flooding, disease outbreaks and malnutrition, as well as the disruption of basic public services, including health and education.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Heavy rains and corresponding flash floods as a result of the El Niño phenomenon and the regular Belg rains (March – May) occurred in the Eastern and Southern parts of Ethiopia in April 2016. The Belg rains, though late in onset, were heavier than usual both in terms of intensity and geographic coverage. The first reports of flash floods and subsequent displacements of communities, especially in Somali region, was reported and responded to from 7 April.
Facts & Figures In 2017:
5.6 million people in need of food assistance
3.9 million people in need of water trucking
3 million acutely malnourished children & women including 300 000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition
1.9 million households need support to keep livestock alive
Almost 10% of the population chronically vulnerable to food insecurity
Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Round 1, carried out between September and October, had identified 167,688 persons (30,676 households) who have been displaced in 2016 and remain in situation of displacement in 135 sites across 6 regions (Afar, Gambela, Harari, Oromia, Somali, and Tigray). Of these 33% were as the result of communal conflict, 23% from drought and 44% due to flooding. The majority of displaced population were in Somali, Gambela and Afar regions.
The 2015-2016 El Niño phenomenon has been one of the strongest on record, affecting deeply the lives and livelihoods of more than 60 million people across 40 countries. It has devastated crops and killed livestock, in some cases dried up water-sources in others caused massive flooding, driven up malnutrition rates, increased disease outbreaks and caused significant migration.
In December 2016, UNICEF has deployed 60 water trucks in Oromia Region to benefit an estimated 120,000 people with access to safe water.
UNICEF has also dispatched US$650,000 worth of household and community-level water treatment chemicals to different regions; and supported the rehabilitation and maintenance of sustainable water supply systems, which together benefitted around 700,000 people.
Pastoral conditions deteriorate following very poor seasonal performance in southeastern areas
• Between January and September 2016, 247,480 children with severe acute malnutrition were admitted to the national Community Management of Acute Malnutrition programme. Out of these, 19,920 children (8 per cent) were admitted to in-patient care.
• In response to the new influx of South Sudanese refugees, UNICEF supported the Regional Health Bureau of Gambella to vaccinate 23,543 children 0 to 15 years old and 21,863 children 6 months to 14 years old against polio and measles respectively.
Inside this issue:
Borehole rehabilitation & Development by MoWIE
WASH Projections for 2017
Emergency WASH Project by Care Ethiopia
Global Handwashing Day celebration by International Medical Corps
WASH Cluster Dashboard Reflection
WASH Cluster Focal Points
WASH Cluster exceeds the HRD 2016 target
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable prospects for 2016 main “meher” season crops
Below-average pasture conditions in southern and southeastern pastoral areas
Given the starting of the main harvest, cereal prices stabilized or declined though at high levels
General food security conditions improving with newly-harvested “meher” crops available for consumption
The Ethiopian Government is planning to construct two new dams to mitigate Ethiopia’s devastating and recurring floods. The decision comes just a few months after flash floods ravaged the country, causing as many as one hundred fatalities and displacing tens of thousands of people.
The construction, orchestrated by the Awash Basin Authority of Water Resources, Irrigation (ABA) and Energy Ministry, will take place in the Afar region and is estimated to cost 11.7 billion Birr.
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 October to 31 October 2016.
Unrest disrupts the delivery of humanitarian services, declaration of State of Emergency easing movement of relief items to affected communities
Between January and August of 2016, 578,363 persons (107,217 households) had been newly displaced due to drought (10%), flood (60%) and conflict (30%). As of the end of August, 718,154 persons (130,573 households) were reported as displaced in the country.
Government and Humanitarian Partners to Conduct the 2016 Ethiopia Meher Assessment
Over 450,000 People Need Urgent Water Trucking Services in Somali Region
Cluster Enhancing Logistic Capacity on Port operations and Overland Contracting
As of 08 November 2016, Ethiopia has lifted the directive which restricts diplomats from travelling beyond a-40 kilometers radius out of Addis Ababa without notification to the Command Post
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) expected in parts of Oromia, SNNPR, and southern pastoral areas
Meher harvests starting in October are significantly reducing the number of people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse. However, poor Kiremt rainfall in eastern and central Oromia and SNNPR, low livestock holdings in pastoral southern Afar and Shinile, and expected poor performance of October to December rainfall in southern pastoral areas are likely to lead to above-average food assistance needs in 2016/17.
From 3 September to 30 October 2016, 36,673 South Sudanese refugees have crossed the border into Gambella Region in Western Ethiopia. The average daily arrival rate has decreased from 1,000 at the beginning of September to 630 by end October. A new refugee camp, Nguenyyiel, has been opened.