Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
Since the beginning of bega season, incidents of flooding were reported in East Imey, Mustahil and Kelafo woredas of Shebelle zone in Somali region due to the overflow of the Wabe Shebelle River (East Imey) and flash flood. Evacuation of at-risk population to safer/higher grounds was undertaken in Mustahil and Kelafo woredas. Govt. Ethiopia, 20 Nov 2015
A Flood Contingency Plan was released on 18 November to guide mitigation and response efforts in flood-risk areas, especially along the Wabishabelle, Genale/Dawa, and Omo River basins. At least 210,600 people are expected to be affected by flooding and at least 105,300 people risk displacement. (OCHA, 23 Nov 2015)
Floods in the Somali Region, Mustahil, Kelafo and East Imey woredas of Shaballe Zone have killed five people, displaced more than 46,500 people, affected some 102,000 others and killed some 10,000 livestock. In these areas, schools have been forced to close, health clinics are affected, water pumps and wells are destroyed. Farm land is flooded and crops destroyed. (UNICEF, 31 Oct 2015)
Southern and southeastern pastoral areas (southern Somali, Southern Oromia and the lowlands in South Omo Zone in SNNPR): Although there was some flooding in October in localized areas, affecting planted crops and access for livestock feed in November and early December, floods receded later in December, increasing availability of pasture and browse. This will in turn increase household milk access and income from livestock product sales. Poor households in these areas are expected to move from Crisis (IPC Phase 3) to Stressed (IPC Phase 2) beginning in January 2016. (FEWS NET, 31 Dec 2015)
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Meher cropping prospects mostly positive, but SNNPR and eastern Oromia drier than normal
Major food security Emergency expected through 2016
The ongoing El Niño contributing to the worst drought in more than 50 years in Ethiopia has led to well below average Meher harvests in most eastern cropping areas. It has also contributed to massive livestock deaths, poor livestock body conditions and very low livestock production in Afar and northern parts of Somali Region. Between January and March 2016, large populations in the east of the country will experience very significant food consumption gaps.
FOREWORD BY THE HUMANITARIAN COORDINATOR FOR ETHIOPIA
Ms. Ahunna Eziakonwa-Onochie UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator Drought, worsened by El Niño effects is having a devastating impact on the lives and livelihoods of over ten million Ethiopians.
With the support of Government, families have been building their resilience, but this has been stretched by the belg failure and by the erratic meher rains this year.
This document is presented jointly by the Government of Ethiopia and the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team. It presents the key findings of the Governmentled post-harvest assessment of autumn 2015. It includes the outline of the Government and UN Humanitarian Country Team response plan to address assessed and projected humanitarian needs in 2016.
The full Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements Document will be launched in Addis Ababa on Wednesday 9 December 2015.
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EU) 2015/322 of 2 March 2015 on the implementation of the 11th European Development Fund1 and in particular Article 9(3) thereof,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EU) 2015/323 of 2 March 2015 on the financial regulation applicable to the 11th European Development Fund2 and in particular Article 26
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR MAY 2016
The multi-agency Flood Task Force (FTF) issued an Alert for Unseasonal Rainfall and Flood in October 2015 to raise awareness of anticipated flood risk in Wabe Shebelle, Genale/Dawa, and southeastern parts of the country.
EARLY WARNING AND RESPONSE SUMMARY
Pursuant to the National Meteorological Agency weather/climate outlook, during the upcoming November 2015, the wet weather condition will continue over south and southeastern parts of the country in a better strength with a chance of heavy falls at places, which can causes flash flood at places in the areas. Therefore proper precautions should be undertaken ahead of time over flood prone areas o f the aforementioned areas.
Large-scale food security emergency projected for 2016
In 2015, eastern Ethiopia had a severe drought. The drought contributed to low crop production for both the Belg and Meher harvests, poor livestock health, low water availability, and lack of demand for agricultural labor.
A major food security emergency is projected for the coming year. Already, some northern pastoral areas have moved into Emergency (IPC Phase 4).
Elevated risks of flooding in Kenya, South Sudan, and Somalia
Africa Weather Hazards
Persistent belowaverage rainfall since August over several areas of Ghana, Togo, and Benin has led to strong moisture deficits and a degradation of ground conditions. However, Increased rainfall since October has significantly improved ground conditions.
Several consecutive weeks of above-average rainfall has increased the risk for flooding in the White Nile, Jonglei, and Eastern Equatorial provinces of South Sudan.
Below-average early-season rainfall expected to continue in southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Persistently belowaverage rainfall since August over several bimodal areas of Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin, and Nigeria has led to strong moisture deficits and a degradation of ground conditions. Increased rainfall since October has resulted in improved ground conditions in the region.
Flooding likely between October and December in eastern Horn of Africa
Following the incidences of flood situations in pocket areas of the country since June 2015, the DRMFSS-led, multi-sector national Flood Task Force was re-activated in early August and has been closely monitoring the situation.