Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
Since the beginning of bega season, incidents of flooding were reported in East Imey, Mustahil and Kelafo woredas of Shebelle zone in Somali region due to the overflow of the Wabe Shebelle River (East Imey) and flash flood. Evacuation of at-risk population to safer/higher grounds was undertaken in Mustahil and Kelafo woredas. Govt. Ethiopia, 20 Nov 2015
A Flood Contingency Plan was released on 18 November to guide mitigation and response efforts in flood-risk areas, especially along the Wabishabelle, Genale/Dawa, and Omo River basins. At least 210,600 people are expected to be affected by flooding and at least 105,300 people risk displacement. (OCHA, 23 Nov 2015)
Floods in the Somali Region, Mustahil, Kelafo and East Imey woredas of Shaballe Zone have killed five people, displaced more than 46,500 people, affected some 102,000 others and killed some 10,000 livestock. In these areas, schools have been forced to close, health clinics are affected, water pumps and wells are destroyed. Farm land is flooded and crops destroyed. (UNICEF, 31 Oct 2015)
Southern and southeastern pastoral areas (southern Somali, Southern Oromia and the lowlands in South Omo Zone in SNNPR): Although there was some flooding in October in localized areas, affecting planted crops and access for livestock feed in November and early December, floods receded later in December, increasing availability of pasture and browse. This will in turn increase household milk access and income from livestock product sales. Poor households in these areas are expected to move from Crisis (IPC Phase 3) to Stressed (IPC Phase 2) beginning in January 2016. (FEWS NET, 31 Dec 2015)
Most read reports
- Greater Horn of Africa Climate Risk and Food Security Atlas
- FAO in Ethiopia - El Niño Response Plan 2016
- Countries Affected by 2015 - 2016 El Nino -13 April 2016
- Alliance2015 Project Countries with expected El-Nino impacts 2015/2016: Countries in the World with current projects of Alliance2015 Partner Organisations in which El-Nino impacts are likely
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements Document 2016
30 million FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE IN SOUTHERN AFRICA
22 million PEOPLE LIKELY TO SUFFER FROM FOOD INSECURITY IN EASTERN AFRICA
4.7 million PEOPLE AT RISK FROM ADVERSE WEATHER ASSOCIATED WITH EL NIÑO IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC
4.2 million PEOPLE ALREADY AFFECTED BY EL NIÑO-RELATED DROUGHT IN CENTRAL AMERICA
(Nairobi, 23 December 2015): The El Nino global climatic event has since May been the major driver of new humanitarian needs in the Horn of Africa region. Enhanced rainfall continues in parts of Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Uganda, and persistent drought has been reported in parts of Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan, northern Uganda and in the north-western and north-eastern parts of Somalia.
This document is presented jointly by the Government of Ethiopia and the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team. It presents the key findings of the Governmentled post-harvest assessment of autumn 2015. It includes the outline of the Government and UN Humanitarian Country Team response plan to address assessed and projected humanitarian needs in 2016.
The full Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements Document will be launched in Addis Ababa on Wednesday 9 December 2015.
The Government-led inter-sector National Flood Task Force (FTF) released a National Flood Contingency Plan1 on 18 November 2015 to guide flood mitigation and response efforts in flood-risk areas, especially along the Wabishabelle, Genale/Dawa, and Omo River basins. The National Meteorological Agency (NMA) forecast for bega (October - January) warns of flooding in the southern and southeastern parts of the country with heavy unseasonable rains expected in the northern, northeastern, eastern and central parts in the last quarter of the year.
Development partners are urged to scale-up their investment on long-term community water supply schemes to break the cycle of chronic water shortages, and extreme vulnerability to the slightest weather shocks.
The final draft of the 2016 Humanitarian. Requirements Document will be submitted to the Council of Ministers for endorsement early this week. The official release of the Document is tentatively planned for 4 December.
The Government will use the newly completed railway from Djibouti to Adama, Ethiopia to transport relief supplies.
At least 210,600 people are expected to be affected by flooding and at least 105,300 people are at risk of displacement, according to the Flood Contingency Plan released on 18 November.
OCHA’s Humanitarian Response Fund (HRF) issued a Call for Proposals for WaSH response in Afar,
Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray. Proposals must be submitted before 5 December 2015.
Conflict and adverse climatic conditions continue to drive humanitarian needs in the region
Acute sectoral needs continue to be reported in Ethiopia
Flood preparedness in full swing as El Niño expected to cause serious flooding in the region
Civilian death tolls and human rights violations on the rise in Burundi
Urgent access needed to prevent food crisis in Unity State, South Sudan
Regional humanitarian outlook
The El Niño continues to intensify. The sea surface temperature increased sharply to +2.7 Celsius above normal.
El Niño-impacted kiremt rains negatively affected long cycle crops in parts of north eastern and central Ethiopia.
Deyr rains improve water availability and pasture conditions in some areas of Somali region.
The National Flood Contingency Plan is expected to be officially released this week.
Donors are urgently requested to:
- In Ethiopia, El Niño causes flooding in riverine areas in the south and south eastern parts of the country; and severe drought in the north, central and eastern highlands.
The Government urged donor partners to ensure a healthy food pipeline for the coming months to address the expected further increase in relief food beneficiary.
The number of food insecure people in the region is expected to increase by 83 per cent, from approximately 12 million people at the start of 2015, to 22.1 million people by the start of 2016. In addition, between 2.7 million and 3.5 million people could be affected by oods.
In Ethiopia, food and nutrition needs have already increased from 2.9 million at the beginning of 2015 to 8.2 million today. Some 15 million people will likely require food assistance in early 2016.
Despite the need to rapidly scale-up humanitarian response to address El Niño -caused food insecurity and malnutrition spikes, the lack of new funding from international partners is limiting response.
The Government-led meher/post-summer rains humanitarian needs assessment – which was brought forward by a month - will start on 24 October.
A Flood Alert released on 12 October warns of flood risks in the Wabishebelle, Genale/Dawa and Omo river basins in the last quarter of 2015.
The evolving El Niño, which currently has a probability of occurrence at above 90% and is likely to be the worst in 30 years, will exacerbate the current food and nutrition security situation. Parts of Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Somalia and Kenya are expected to experience severe flooding while other parts of the region will experience drought conditions.