Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
Since the beginning of bega season, incidents of flooding were reported in East Imey, Mustahil and Kelafo woredas of Shebelle zone in Somali region due to the overflow of the Wabe Shebelle River (East Imey) and flash flood. Evacuation of at-risk population to safer/higher grounds was undertaken in Mustahil and Kelafo woredas. Govt. Ethiopia, 20 Nov 2015
A Flood Contingency Plan was released on 18 November to guide mitigation and response efforts in flood-risk areas, especially along the Wabishabelle, Genale/Dawa, and Omo River basins. At least 210,600 people are expected to be affected by flooding and at least 105,300 people risk displacement. (OCHA, 23 Nov 2015)
Floods in the Somali Region, Mustahil, Kelafo and East Imey woredas of Shaballe Zone have killed five people, displaced more than 46,500 people, affected some 102,000 others and killed some 10,000 livestock. In these areas, schools have been forced to close, health clinics are affected, water pumps and wells are destroyed. Farm land is flooded and crops destroyed. (UNICEF, 31 Oct 2015)
Southern and southeastern pastoral areas (southern Somali, Southern Oromia and the lowlands in South Omo Zone in SNNPR): Although there was some flooding in October in localized areas, affecting planted crops and access for livestock feed in November and early December, floods receded later in December, increasing availability of pasture and browse. This will in turn increase household milk access and income from livestock product sales. Poor households in these areas are expected to move from Crisis (IPC Phase 3) to Stressed (IPC Phase 2) beginning in January 2016. (FEWS NET, 31 Dec 2015)
Most read reports
- Greater Horn of Africa Climate Risk and Food Security Atlas
- FAO in Ethiopia - El Niño Response Plan 2016
- Countries Affected by 2015 - 2016 El Nino -13 April 2016
- Ethiopia Food Security Outlook, December 2015
- Alliance2015 Project Countries with expected El-Nino impacts 2015/2016: Countries in the World with current projects of Alliance2015 Partner Organisations in which El-Nino impacts are likely
Meher cropping prospects mostly positive, but SNNPR and eastern Oromia drier than normal
1. Executive Summary
Major food security Emergency expected through 2016
The ongoing El Niño contributing to the worst drought in more than 50 years in Ethiopia has led to well below average Meher harvests in most eastern cropping areas. It has also contributed to massive livestock deaths, poor livestock body conditions and very low livestock production in Afar and northern parts of Somali Region. Between January and March 2016, large populations in the east of the country will experience very significant food consumption gaps.
30 million FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE IN SOUTHERN AFRICA
22 million PEOPLE LIKELY TO SUFFER FROM FOOD INSECURITY IN EASTERN AFRICA
4.7 million PEOPLE AT RISK FROM ADVERSE WEATHER ASSOCIATED WITH EL NIÑO IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC
4.2 million PEOPLE ALREADY AFFECTED BY EL NIÑO-RELATED DROUGHT IN CENTRAL AMERICA
Ethiopia is currently facing its worst drought in decades, with over 8.2 million people in need of food aid until the end of the year. The deteriorating food security situation has contributed to increased malnutrition among children with an estimated 350,000 children requiring life-saving therapeutic treatment in 2015.
Development partners are urged to scale-up their investment on long-term community water supply schemes to break the cycle of chronic water shortages, and extreme vulnerability to the slightest weather shocks.
The final draft of the 2016 Humanitarian. Requirements Document will be submitted to the Council of Ministers for endorsement early this week. The official release of the Document is tentatively planned for 4 December.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR MAY 2016
The Government will use the newly completed railway from Djibouti to Adama, Ethiopia to transport relief supplies.
At least 210,600 people are expected to be affected by flooding and at least 105,300 people are at risk of displacement, according to the Flood Contingency Plan released on 18 November.
OCHA’s Humanitarian Response Fund (HRF) issued a Call for Proposals for WaSH response in Afar,
Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, Somali and Tigray. Proposals must be submitted before 5 December 2015.
Conflict and adverse climatic conditions continue to drive humanitarian needs in the region
Acute sectoral needs continue to be reported in Ethiopia
Flood preparedness in full swing as El Niño expected to cause serious flooding in the region
Civilian death tolls and human rights violations on the rise in Burundi
Urgent access needed to prevent food crisis in Unity State, South Sudan
Regional humanitarian outlook
Large-scale food security emergency projected for 2016
In 2015, eastern Ethiopia had a severe drought. The drought contributed to low crop production for both the Belg and Meher harvests, poor livestock health, low water availability, and lack of demand for agricultural labor.
A major food security emergency is projected for the coming year. Already, some northern pastoral areas have moved into Emergency (IPC Phase 4).
The El Niño continues to intensify. The sea surface temperature increased sharply to +2.7 Celsius above normal.
El Niño-impacted kiremt rains negatively affected long cycle crops in parts of north eastern and central Ethiopia.
Deyr rains improve water availability and pasture conditions in some areas of Somali region.
The National Flood Contingency Plan is expected to be officially released this week.
Donors are urgently requested to:
The IASC Alert, Early Warning and Readiness report is produced bi-annually as an inter-agency effort by the Task Team on Preparedness and Resilience (TTPR) for IASC member agencies. The report highlights serious risks that were either identified as being of particular strategic operational concern or as having a high probability and impact on humanitarian needs. In addition to collaboratively assembling the report, the report includes an analysis of the state of readiness, prepared by OCHA, which is compared against each risk.
Flooding likely between October and December in eastern Horn of Africa
- In Ethiopia, El Niño causes flooding in riverine areas in the south and south eastern parts of the country; and severe drought in the north, central and eastern highlands.
The Government urged donor partners to ensure a healthy food pipeline for the coming months to address the expected further increase in relief food beneficiary.
Despite the need to rapidly scale-up humanitarian response to address El Niño -caused food insecurity and malnutrition spikes, the lack of new funding from international partners is limiting response.
The Government-led meher/post-summer rains humanitarian needs assessment – which was brought forward by a month - will start on 24 October.
A Flood Alert released on 12 October warns of flood risks in the Wabishebelle, Genale/Dawa and Omo river basins in the last quarter of 2015.