Algeria: Floods - Oct 2015
Mid-October, heavy rains and flooding caused widespread damage to five camps providing shelter to some 90,000 of the most vulnerable Sahrawi refugees in south-west Algeria’s arid Tindouf region. UNHCR and partners begun to assist some 25,000 people (5,000 families) whose homes and food supplies were damaged or destroyed.(UNHCR, 23 Oct 2015)
The floods are likely worsening the threat posed by landmines and explosive remnants of war in the area of Western Sahara. Since the flood waters have not yet receded, it is impossible yet to quantify the damages or to assess the actual extent of the risk posed to civilians and their livelihoods by the mines and explosives remnants that have likely been displaced outside of already known marked areas.The emergency situation requires a rapid and efficient emergency response, such as providing mine action organisations with the resources and means to carry out risk assessment and to mark out mined areas once again. (ICBL, 2 Nov 2015)
By early December, it was estimated that USD 500,000 was urgently required to rehabilitate those critical health infrastructure, with a priority focus on Dakhla camp, the camp most affected by the flood emergency. Despite the resuming of emergency primary health care, diarrhea cases have been reported to be raising by health NGO partners across all flood affected camps. (UNICEF, 3 Dec 2015)
By mid-December, 11,500 families were affected, and 6,500 children had limited access to school. (UNICEF, 17 Dec 2015) An Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) was conducted by WFP in the refugee camps from 08-15 December to assess the impact of the recent floods on the food security situation of the refugee population. The EFSA report is expected in early February 2016. (WFP, 31 Dec 2015)
In January 2016 the IFRC increased its operation budget to assist 10,000 people (2,000 families). It estimates that 35,000 people have been affected by the floods, a number that could increase as this is just the middle of the rainy season. (IFRC, 28 Jan 2016)
Due to logistical problems the DREF operations was extended for 4 months. Due to the delay with the shelter items, a Regional Disaster Response Team (RDRT) will be redeployed to Tindouf at the beginning of May 2016 (instead of April) for one month, to support with the sensitization, preparation, receipt and set-up of shelter materials, as well as post-distribution monitoring for NFIs and beneficiary satisfaction survey. (IFRC, 8 Apr 2016)
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The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) Regional Office for the Middle East and North Africa (ROMENA) supports disaster response and preparedness activities in 20 countries by working closely with Humanitarian Coordinator’s (HC)/Resident Coordinator’s (RC) offices, OCHA Country Offices and Humanitarian Advisory Teams (HATs).
This is the first consolidated presentation of the reported results of CERF funding, covering a full year of CERF allocations. As such, it serves as a pilot and will inform future CERF results reporting. This report was compiled on the basis of information provided by Resident Coordinators/Humanitarian Coordinators (RC/ HCs) and Humanitarian Country Teams (HCTs) in 66 consolidated reports covering the results of more than 450 CERF-funded projects.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster Heavy rains and flooding affected south-west Algeria's normally arid Tindouf region on 23 October 2015. The heavy rains caused widespread damage to five camps sheltering 90,000 of the most vulnerable Sahrawi refugees. Approximately 35,000 people were affected.
Summary of response
The Government of Tunisia extended every month the state of emergency declared after November 2015 attack on elite presidential guards in the capital. The state of emergency confers exceptional powers on Tunisian authorities, notably to forbid strikes and public gatherings, close movie theatres and control the press.
The fragile political situation in Libya continue to have an impact on the security situation in Tunisia.
In Egypt, the situation remains tensed in North Sinai Governorate with regular security incidents affecting greater Cairo and the Nile Delta.
The present report, submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 70/98 of 9 December 2015, summarizes the most recent report submitted by the Secretary-General to the Security Council on the situation concerning Western Sahara (S/2016/355) and covers the period from 1 July 2015 to 30 June 2016.
Current funding forecasts will allow WFP to only cover 9 percent of the food entitlements requirements from July.
WFP currently represents the major regular source of food for Western Sahara refugees.
The Western Sahara refugee crisis ranks top among forgotten crises, according to the ECHO Forgotten Crisis Assessment 2014-2015.
This update is issued after four months of operation and it aims to detail achievements to-date and a request for an exceptional no-cost extension due to severe delays in emergency shelter material procurement.
Tunisie : faits et chiffres 2015
Les principales activités de la délégation régionale de Tunis sont les visites aux détenus en Tunisie, sa réponse aux conséquences humanitaires du conflit au Sahara occidental, le rétablissement du contact entre les membres de familles dispersées et la promotion du droit international humanitaire.
Nos opérations majeures en Tunisie en 2015
Between October 16th and 24th 2015, exceptionally heavy downpours caused major destruction in the Sahrawi refugee camps. While heavy rain is a common occurrence in the camps at this time of year, floods have never been seen on such a massive scale before.
Summary of WFP assistance: WFP currently represents the only regular and reliable source of food for refugees from Western Sahara living in Algeria. These refugees are located in five camps near the town of Tindouf, some 2,000 km southwest of Algiers. This is an isolated and economically vulnerable desert area of south-western Algeria, where the climate and living conditions are harsh and opportunities for self-reliance extremely limited. Affected refugees, therefore, rely almost entirely on protracted humanitarian aid from the international community.
Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
The Italian head of emergency and humanitarian aid visited the Saharawi refugee camps on 8 December during a mission jointly organized by UNICEF and WFP.
The pledge from the Italian government of Euros 500,000 has been granted, with Euros 250,000 earmarked for UNICEF’s response to the flood emergency, with a focus on rehabilitation.
UNICEF and Handicap International reviewed the emergency response in child protection.
A Back to School campaign was launched in the presence of UNICEF Algeria’s Goodwill Ambassadors, as all UNICEF’s school tents have been erected allowing more than 4000 children to attend school in UNICEF’s temporary learning spaces;
Primary emergency health care is being provided in 17 UNICEF’s tents for temporary health centers;
The visibility of UNICEF’s emergency response was maximized thanks to a visit of UNICEF Algeria’s GWA to the refugee camps followed by a largely attended press conference;
In response to catastrophic flooding in the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria, the United States announces a contribution of more than $4 million in humanitarian assistance to help meet the acute needs of Sahrawi refugees. This new contribution includes support for the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, the World Food Program, and the UN Children’s Fund. These funds will be used to support the reconstruction of shelters, schools, and health clinics. They will also help replace food rations that were destroyed by the flooding.
By Stephen Ryan (@stiofanoriain), IFRC
Stricte vigilance requise en Afrique du nord-ouest, dans la Corne de l'Afrique et au Yémen
11 novembre 2015, Rome – Les pluies inhabituellement fortes et généralisées qui sont tombées récemment dans le nord-ouest de l’Afrique, la Corne de l'Afrique et au Yémen pourraient favoriser la reproduction des criquets pèlerins, avertit aujourd'hui la FAO, soulignant qu’une surveillance étroite est nécessaire au cours des six prochains mois pour empêcher les insectes de former des essaims destructeurs.
Strict vigilance required in northwest Africa, the Horn of Africa and Yemen
11 November 2015, Rome - Unusually heavy and widespread rains that fell recently in northwest Africa, the Horn of Africa and Yemen could favour Desert Locust breeding, FAO warned today, stressing that close monitoring is needed over the next six months to prevent the insects from forming destructive swarms.
Floods caused by ten straight days of heavy rain are likely worsening the threat posed by landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW) in the area of Western Sahara. Since the flood waters have not yet receded, it is impossible yet to quantify the damages or to assess the actual extent of the risk posed to civilians and their livelihoods by the mines and ERW that have likely been displaced outside of already known marked areas.