Sierra Leone: Floods - Sep 2015
Sustained heavy downpour of rain from the 5 to the 6 September 2015 (48 hours) burst river banks and caused destruction in eight communities in Bo and two in one Chiefdom in Pujehun District in southern Sierra Leone. The overall population in the three chiefdoms in Bo District is 8,695 of which 2,630 were directly affected losing properties and being exposed to rain with no appropriate sanitation and some evacuating and taking shelter in nearby schools. The number of people affected by the floods in Bo District is 2,630 in 239 household heads with 463 males 614 females, 645 boys, 607 girls and 301 children under five years. A total of 339 houses are reported destroyed. Pujehun District has 272 persons affected by floods with 41 household heads affected losing 16 houses.
The affected communities have been inaccessible and aid has not reached the vulnerable persons for more than the standard response time creating high risk of epidemic outbreaks of Acute Watery Diarrhoea due to contaminated water sources. It has been reported that one person drowned during the floods. (IFRC, 18 Sep 2015)
2015 and 2016 are predicted as El Nino years and Sierra Leone is one of the countries that will be affected by this weather phenomenon making the country much wetter than it already is. (FAO, 23 Sep 2015)
In October, a request for an additional allocation of CHF 196,950 was issued to enable the expansion of the activities planned in the IFRC Plan of Action to the Bonthe, Freetown and Port Loko following worsened floods in these areas. In total, 24,303 people (4,051 families) will be reached through the operation. (IFRC, 12 Oct 2015) UNICEF continued its operations in flood-affected areas with a focus on WASH and nutrition (UNICEF, 28 Oct 2015)
The resources of the government are already overstretched by the Ebola response and they have clearly indicated to development partners that they will need their timely support and assistance in responding to the disaster to avert further human suffering. (AfDB, 26 Nov 2015)
13 September 2017: Sierra Leoneans will not forget August 14, 2017. Flash floods and a mudslide left an estimated 500 people dead and caused widespread destruction. The stakes for conflict are high as citizens seek answers to questions of better urban housing facilities and functional land policies. As Insight on Conflict’s Abdul Brima reports from the capital, the situation remains dire for survivors.
They say history exists to teach the past and guide the future. But is this really true?
Freetown – IOM, the UN Migration Agency and the Government of Japan last week (10/08) handed over the first water purification facility in Sierra Leone to the resettled community of Mile 6, Koya Rural.
The facility, located about 50 kilometers outside Freetown, Sierra Leone’s capital, will provide safe drinking water to the population resettled at Mile 6 in the aftermath of the flash floods that ravaged Freetown in September 2015.
Those floods caused widespread property damage and displaced thousands from their homes.
When torrential rains hit Sierra Leone last year small businesses like that of 42 year old Rugiatu Daniel were badly affected. The economic and social scars of those monsoon rains have still not healed for Rugiatu, who is the breadwinner of a family of six.
“I still haven’t fully recovered from the September 17 flooding,” she said. “I lost almost everything.”
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
In early September 2015, the Bo, Bonthe, Freetown, Port Loko and Pujehun districts in the southern provinces of Sierra Leone experienced flooding due to torrential rains which led to widespread destruction. According to the Government of Sierra Leone Office of National Security (ONS) the total affected population in the five districts reached 24,303 as of October 2015: Bo (3,293), Bonthe (4,650) and Port Loko (1,510), Freetown (14,050) and Pujehun (800).
A. Situation analysis
Free at last
Since May 2014, Sierra Leone has had to battle with the dreadful Ebola Virus Disease. The outbreak was classified as the largest, fiercest, and most complex ever in the history of the virus, mostly affecting Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Putting on a display of its fierceness, 8,704 were in total infected by the virus, claiming the lives of 3,589 Sierra Leoneans (221 being health care workers).
Following the declaration by WHO on the end of the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone on 7 November 2015, UNICEF continues to support the Government of Sierra Leone in ensuring that vigilance is maintained, through social mobilization efforts, systems strengthening in the areas of health, education and WASH, and support to Community Care Centers and Observational Interim Care Centers, amongst others.
1 BACKGROUND AND JUSTIFICATION FOR EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE
1.1 Background – Floods and the Emergency Crisis in Sierra Leone
By State House Communication Unit
As government continues to show commitment towards the relocation of flood victims, President Ernest Bai Koroma Friday 13 November completed a conducted tour to the temporary housing construction site for the affected families at Mile 6 Village on the outskirts of Freetown.
The president also made on the spot visit at the Freetown Central Lorry Park and the Hastings Airport. His visit at Mile 6 was in sync with government’s aspirations to provide a safe living environment for the September 16 flood victims in Freetown.
When the West Africa Monsoon Rain poured in Sierra Leone on September 16, 2015, it left many people dead, thousands displaced, and hundreds of properties destroyed in the capital city and surrounding areas within hours, adding more pain and sorrow to the already Ebola-stricken nation. The thousands of Sierra Leoneans who lost lives, properties, and dignity on that somber day were some of the most vulnerable persons in that country.
· No new cases were reported in Sierra Leone in the period from 15 to 28 October 2015. If no further cases are reported, the end of the outbreak will be declared on 8 November 2015. UNICEF and partners continue to reinforce messaging around the need to remain vigilant and keep practicing safe behaviours.
As the country gradually moves toward the end of the fight against Ebola, Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone, has been hit again by another disaster. In mid-September massive floods caused by torrential rains hit Freetown and caused serious damage particularly to people living within the slum areas.
The floods have left at least four people dead and more than 3,000 displaced in Freetown. The displaced people were relocated to the Siaka Stevens Stadium (in the west) and the Brima Artuga Mini Stadium (in the east).
Snapshot 21-27 October 2015
By Indrias G Kassaye / 21 October 2015
The September floods in Freetown, Sierra Leone were devastating and the areas worst affected were coastal slums where residents are already extremely poor and vulnerable.
No new cases were reported in Sierra Leone in the period from 30 September to 14 October 2015. All 763 contacts in the district of Bombali were released from quarantine on 4 October 2015.
Sierra Leone begun the 42-day countdown to zero on 28 September 2015. If no further cases are reported, the country is expected to achieve Ebola free status on 8 November 2015. UNICEF and partners continue to reinforce messaging around the need to remain vigilant and keep practicing safe behaviours.
Flooding risks continue in Central America; heavy snow forecast for Central Asia
Second season rains have arrived for most bimodal areas of West Africa