DPR Korea: Floods - Aug 2015
Between 1 and 5 August 2015, torrential rains have caused floods in several Ri-s (villages) and in the outskirts of cities of south Hwanghae and north and south Hamgyong provinces of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). According to the State Committee on Emergency and Disaster Management (SCEDM), the Government of DPRK and the DPRK Red Cross Society (RCS), the floods affected 3,541 people, claimed 24 lives and 9 people are reported missing in more than 20 affected cities/counties. (IFRC, 21 Aug 2015)
During this reporting period, the country experienced a second round of flooding following Typhoon Goni. Although the country was not directly hit by the typhoon, many parts of the country were affected by heavy rainfall and flash floods brought by the system on 22 and 23 August. The greatest impact was felt in the northeastern city of Rason, near the border of Russia and China.
In two different major floods, the country received more than half of its annual average rainfall (321mm) causing wide spread damage and loss to lives, properties and belongings. According to the State Committee on Emergency and Disaster Management (SCEDM), the Government of DPRK and the DPRK Red Cross Society (RCS), the floods affected 6,473 families or approximately 22,656 people, claimed 89 lives, and 10 people are reported missing in more than 25 affected cities/counties....
In Rasin and Sonbong districts of Rason city, which are the worst affected areas, they experienced knee deep flood water, inundating 204,238 population of the city for 48 hours. The power supply collapsed and could not be resumed in three days, and at least two bridges at strategic points were broken which has affected the supply chain and caused significant delay in transportation...
The government has distributed food ration (500 gram/per person/per day) for 15 days and other basic necessities to the affected people. It has also mobilized construction unit of People’s Army for rehabilitation of damaged houses and infrastructure within 40 days.
As of 31 August, various humanitarian agencies, including WHO, WFP, UNICEF, FAO, and ICRC have contributed to the efforts in humanitarian assistance to affected population in Rason city. WHO has handed over an Inter-Agency Healthcare kit for 10,000 people for three months and four water tanks; WFP has released 5.5 MT of high protein biscuits; UNICEF has provided emergency child care kit; FAO purchased and handed over two portable generators, and ICRC has contributed one big health kit and 690 liters of fuel to the government for its humanitarian assistance to affected people in Rason city. (IFRC, 9 Sep 2015)
Prospects for global cereal production in 2016 continued to improve in recent months with significant upward revisions for maize and wheat, reflecting particularly favourable weather conditions in some of the large producing countries.
COUNTRIES IN NEED OF EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE: FAO estimates that 36 countries, including 28 in Africa, are in need of external assistance for food. Persisting conflicts and drought induced production declines are the main causes that have stressed food security in 2016.
What is El Niño?
El Niño is the warming of sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific, which occurs roughly every two to seven years, lasting from six to 24 months.
Les premières prévisions de la FAO concernant la production mondiale de blé de 2016 font entrevoir une petite diminution, de moindres volumes étant attendus en Europe et aux États-Unis d’Amérique.
Ongoing conflicts and droughts exacerbate food needs
Food insecurity spreads as El Niño casts its shadow over Pacific and Caribbean states
2 June 2016, Rome - Drought linked to El Niño and civil conflict have pushed the number of countries currently in need of external food assistance up to 37 from 34 in March, according to a new FAO report.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Global crop prospects benign, but hunger intensifies in areas suffering from conflict
Food security worsens further in Southern Africa due to drought
9 March 2016, Rome - Thirty-four countries, including 27 in Africa, are currently in need of external assistance for food due to drought, flooding and civil conflicts, according to a new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report released today.
Between 1 and 5 August 2015, torrential rains have caused floods in several Ri-s (villages) and in the outskirts of cities of south Hwanghae and north and south Hamgyong provinces of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).
FAO’s latest forecasts for global supply and demand of cereals continue to point to a generally comfortable 2015/16 marketing season, with world inventories by the close of seasons in 2016 expected to fall only slightly below their record opening levels.
Summary of WFP assistance
Since 1995, WFP has provided over 4.6 million metric tons of food assistance to vulnerable people in DPR Korea.
This assistance has played a significant role in moderating hunger and malnutrition. While the original objective was to broadly address undernutrition for a large portion of the population, in recent years, WFP has transitioned its assistance to focus more on addressing the nutrition gap for children, pregnant women and nursing mothers.
Snapshot 21-27 October 2015
World cereal supply and demand balance in the 2015/16 marketing season is likely to remain in a generally comfortable situation. While world cereal production is expected to fall below last year’s record, supplies will be almost sufficient to meet the projected demand, requiring only a small reduction in global inventories by the end of the season.
Snapshot 14–20 October 2015
Yemen: 2.3 million people are now displaced in Yemen – an increase of almost 900,000 since August. The increase is mainly explained by better data collection, but continued insecurity has also caused new displacement. Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) levels are at 8.9% in Hodeidah and 3.8% in Hajjah, far exceeding the emergency threshold. Global acute malnutrition (GAM) is above the emergency threshold in Aden, Hodeidah, and Hajjah governorates.
Chad: Violence continues to fuel large-scale displacement in Lac region. Suicide attacks on 10 October killed 41 people and wounded 48 at a busy Bagasola market and a refugee camp on the town’s periphery. Over 71,000 people who have been displaced since July face urgent shelter, food, WASH and health needs.
DPRK experienced flooding associated with seasonal rains in early August, and from Tropical Cyclone Goni on 22-23 August, affecting South Hwanghae and South and North Hamgyong Provinces.
Afghanistan: The humanitarian situation in Kunduz is deteriorating as fighting for control of the city continues. Aid organisations have withdrawn, after a Médecins Sans Frontières hospital was bombed in an airstrike, killing 22 and injuring 37.
Burundi: At least eight civilians were killed in Bujumbura over the weekend as political violence persists, and people continue to flee. Some 128,000 people are reliant on food assistance: in some of the areas affected by insecurity, food prices are up to 95% higher than average.
El Salvador: More than 100,000 farmers are estimated to be affected by crop losses due to a prolonged dry-spell. Up to 60% of the total maize crop has been lost in the affected areas. An estimated 156,000 people are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes, mainly in eastern and western regions.
The on-going El Niño event, officially declared in March, will remain active throughout 2015 and is very likely to extend into the first quarter of 2016.
The event is now strengthening towards its peak intensity which should be reached in late 2015. There is a significant chance that this event could be close or even exceed the strongest levels on record.
Bangladesh: 1.5 million people are affected by flooding, which has displaced around 320,000 people in the areas of Cox's Bazar, Chittagong, and Bandarban. Shelter, WASH and food security are key priorities. 15 out 24 rivers are over danger levels as heavy rainfall continues.
Libya: An estimated 2,244 people have died this year as a result of conflict, and nearly one-third of the country’s population is affected. Humanitarian access remains severely restricted.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Main season 2015 cereal production forecast to decline sharply from last year, due to prolonged dry spell
Sharply reduced 2014/15 early season crops for second consecutive year
Drastic reduction in food rations distributed in July and August
Higher cereal import requirements forecast for 2014/15 marketing year (November/October)