Philippines: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2015
About 800 people remain displaced in South Cotobato and Sultan Kudarat, in the southern Philippines, due to floods caused by heavy rains over 24-25 June. Over 1,900 hectares of agricultural farms have been damaged. The Province of Sultan Kudarat declared a state of calamity. The heavy rainfall is also seriously affecting the more than 30,000 people still displaced since the outbreak of fighting in February 2015 in Maguindanao. (ECHO Daily Flash of 27 Jun 2015)
In July, the southwest monsoon brought moderate to occasionally heavy rains over Luzon and Visayas especially over the western sections and triggered the occurrence of flooding in several areas in Regions I, III, and NCR. Subsequentely, landslide incidents were reported in Regions III, NCR, and CAR as the Southwest Monsoon continued to be experienced in Ilocos, Cordillera, Benguet, Zambales, Bataan, Pangasinan, Metro Manila, Cagayan Valley, and Central Luzon. A total of 9,055 families (42,500 people) were affected in Regions III, IV-A, NCR, and CAR. (Govt. Philippines, 19 Jul 2015)
In late August, Typhoon Goni killed 27 people in the Philippines, with 24 reported injured. A total of 5,742 houses were damaged in Regions I, II, III, IV-A, IV-B and CAR. (Govt. Philippines, 30 Aug 2015)
In October, Typhoon Koppu (locally known as "Lando") made landfall in the northern Philippines, killing 22 and displacing thousands (AFP, 20 Oct 2015) See the separate Typhoon Koppu - Oct 2015 page on related reports.
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Conflict and flooding trigger recurrent displacement in Maguindanao, eroding resources of the poorest and hampering their recovery.
UN Special Rapporteur on IDP rights calls for enhanced assistance to conflict-induced IDPs including indigenous peoples in Mindanao.
Intensifying El Niño may cause drought and water shortages in parts of the country and trigger erratic behaviour of tropical storms.
“Everyone is armed here and law and order is difficult to come by, and without peace, we will continue to live in fear and frequent displacement from our homes,” says Sumilalau Talambo, a 65-year-old farmer in Maguindanao province of Mindanao. A father of seven, he grows rice and corn for living in one of the poorest and most crisis-prone communities of the Philippines.
“Every time I return home, I have to start from scratch. Our meager resources get eroded each time we are displaced and our resilience weakens year after year.”
Typhoon Chan-Hom made landfall early on 11 Jul in Zhujiajian Township in the island city of Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province, as a category 1 typhoon before being downgraded to a tropical storm on 12 Jul. Chan-Hom is decreasing intensity as it moves northeast. Some 1.9 million people in nine cities were affected by the storm, including more than 1.1 million evacuated as a precaution. No casualties are reported.
1.1 million people evacuated
WHAT IS AN INTERTROPICAL CONVERGENCE ZONE?
The Intertropical Convergence Zone, or ITCZ, is the region that circles the Earth, near the equator, where the trade winds of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres come together. The intense sun and warm water of the equator heats the air in the ITCZ, raising its humidity and making it buoyant. Aided by the convergence of the trade winds, the buoyant air rises. As the air rises it expands and cools, releasing the accumulated moisture in an almost perpetual series of thunderstorms.
Heavy rainfall across West Bengal caused landslides killing an estimated 40 people with many still missing.
Continuing rainfall is impeding relief efforts as the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) attempts to carry out rescue efforts.
There is a shortage of food and safe drinking water in the affected areas.
40 people dead
The NDRF is working alongside national disaster teams at the landslide sites. Heavy rainfall is expected to continue up to 9 Jul.
Zamboanga Communications Working Group readies over 28,000 remaining IDPs for durable solutions.
Back-to-school campaign benefits conflict-affected children in Mamasapano.
Communication, accountability and community participation prompted for better humanitarian response and preparedness.
Carpenters build resilience in communities affected by Typhoon Haiyan.