Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2015
Heavy rains caused floods and landslides in several parts of Myanmar since June 2015. On 30 July, Cyclone Komen made landfall in Bangladesh, bringing strong winds and additional heavy rains to the country, which resulted in widespread flooding across 12 of the country’s 14 states and regions (Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Magway, Mandalay, Mon, Rakhine, Sagaing, Shan, Yangon). On 31 July, the President declared Chin and Rakhine states, and Magway and Sagaing regions as natural disaster zones.
According to the National Natural Disaster Management Committee (NNDMC), 125 people were killed and some 1.7 million people were temporarily displaced by floods and landslides. Almost all of the displaced people had returned to their villages of origin by the end of September, leaving only about 10,000 people in evacuation centres (mainly in Sagaing Region and Chin State) awaiting relocation. The Government has said it expects most of these remaining displaced people to return to their villages of origin or to be relocated by the end of October, although a portion of these people may be in temporary accommodation for longer, particularly in the case of people who are going to be permanently relocated to new sites.
The NNDMC identified Hakha in Chin State, Kale in Sagaing Region, Pwintbyu in Magway Region, and Minbya and Mrauk-U in Rakhine as the five most affected townships where a total of 229,600 people were affected by the floods. According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, over 1.1 million acres of farmlands have been inundated, with more than 872,000 acres destroyed, as of 4 October. So far, 495,000 acres have since been re-cultivated. Damage to crops and arable land will disrupt the planting season and pose a risk to long-term food security.
While the water has receded in most areas, many roads and bridges were destroyed in the worst affected states and regions. The roads in Chin State were particularly badly affected and continue to pose a major logistical challenge for assessments and assistance delivery.
Multi-sectoral Initial Rapid Assessments (MIRA) were conducted in 317 locations of 34 townships in Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Magway, Rakhine and Sagaing, covering close to 200,000 people. Other needs assessments were also carried out in areas not covered by the MIRA assessments in Chin and Rakhine states. According to the Rakhine State Government (RSG), Buthidaung, Kyauktaw, Minbya, Maungdaw and Mrauk-U townships were the most severely affected areas in Rakhine State. In many parts of Rahine State, floods and salt water severely damaged the paddy fields. A major concern remains water contamination, as most villages use water ponds for drinking water and many ponds were flooded and contaminated.(OCHA, 4 Nov 2015)
Six months on from the devastating floods that struck Myanmar, around 400,000 people have received emergency assistance and support in their recovery from the Myanmar Red Cross Society and its partners in the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. At their peak the floods affected over 9 million people across 12 of Myanmar’s 14 states and regions. The floods temporarily displaced over 1.7 million people and destroyed 15,000 homes as well as more than 840,000 acres of agricultural crops.
Between July 2015 and January 2016, over 1,400 Red Cross volunteers and staff from the Myanmar Red Cross Society and Red Cross partners assisted flood affected people across the country. The first phase included evacuations, providing emergency relief such as purified water, food, household items, and shelter materials. Since then, efforts have been focused on supporting the longer term recovery of flood affected communities across the five worst hit regions of Chin, Rakhine, Sagaing, Magway and Ayerwady with livelihood activities, cleaning of contaminated ponds and wells and infrastructure rehabilitation. (ICRC, IFRC, Myanmar Red Cross Society, 29 Jan 2016)
Maps & Infographics
Handing over of (200,000) aluzinc sheets (length 2200 mm x width 920 mm x thickness 0.32 mm) donated by the People’s Government of Yunan Province for the flood affected areas in Myanmar took place on 3 December 2015 at Muse Township, Shan State. It was attended by U Soe Naing, Director, Relief and Resettlement Department, Shan State, and U Kyaw Kyaw Tun, District Administrator of Muse District and Chairman of District National Natural Disaster Management Body and officials concerned from the Myanmar side and Ms.
YANGON, Myanmar — When devastating floods hit Myanmar earlier this year, Phoo Ngun in Ohn Pin Su village, Ayeyarwady, was 6 months pregnant. She lost everything in the floods. When UNFPA youth volunteers reached her village by boat, she received essential items for female hygiene and protection in a UNFPA Dignity Kit.
The road to Hakha, in remote Chin State in western Myanmar, is not an easy one to travel at the best of times. Even without landslides and rains, it takes between seven and eight hours to drive. Now it often takes longer as sections are still blocked by mud and stones following landslides caused by the heavy rains and floods in July and August.
Snapshot 25 November–1 December 2015
Cameroon: New data indicate that 158,316 people are internally displaced – this is 65,000 more than the previous estimate. The vast majority have been displaced by Boko Haram-related violence, with fewer than 15% displaced by flooding and other natural disasters. Movement stays within Far North region, and Logone-et-Chari hosts around 60% of all IDPs.
NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
This Revised Emergency Appeal adjusts the budget of the Emergency Appeal, launched on 11 August 2015, from CHF 3.9 million to CHF 3.2 million and outlines implementation approaches agreed for the recovery phase. The revised appeal budget includes a provision of CHF 125,800 for shelter cluster coordination.
• Communities struggle to recover from worst flooding in decades
• Hundreds of thousands helped by local response and recovery efforts
• 11,000 people remain in flood evacuation sites in Chin and Sagaing
• Floods response and recovery continues in Rakhine; one of the worst hit areas
• Limited humanitarian access to conflict affected civilians in Sumprabum, Kachin
• Up to 6,000 displaced by fighting in Southern Shan
• Most of the displaced have returned to Kokang
Yangon, Myanmar – On behalf of the United Nations, I extend our most heartfelt condolences on the heavy toll that the landslide in Hpa Khant, Kachin State took in the hours of the 21st November 2015. I am deeply saddened by the over 100 lives that this tragic landslide has claimed and extend my deepest sympathies to the families of the victims and to all affected people.
The all 9 townships of Chin state have been affected by landslide. 4 townships from Mindat district in Southern Chin state and 5 townships from Hakha and Falam district in Northern Chin state.
Totally, 5 people died. Some Cows and Buffalos also died and missed. 55 schools, 28 religious buildings, 38 others buildings, 2 small dam, 303 bridges and 6039 acres of farming lands have been damaged around Chin state.
Myanmar: Update on Red Cross flood response
In August, torrential rains and the offshore approach of cyclone Komen caused devastating floods and landslides in Myanmar.
The disaster displaced almost 1.7 million people and took the lives of 132, according to the Myanmar government. Half a million houses and 1.15 million acres of farmland were damaged, forcing the replanting of some 495,000 acres of crops, with serious consequences for the livelihoods of thousands of families.
Somalia: Flooding has affected 132,000 people and displaced an estimated 60,000 as low-lying areas of Mogadishu have now been inundated, as well as areas of Middle Shabelle and Lower Juba. Main supply roads are impassable and some airstrips unusable The middle and lower reaches of the Shabelle River remain at high risk of flooding.
Western Balkans - Refugee crisis
• Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia have applied restrictions to the number of nationalities eligible to enter their territory.
• Figures confirm a sharp decrease in the number of transit (from 7000-8000 to 4000-5000 average daily).
Afghanistan - Earthquake
• 22 November - Earthquake magnitude 5.9 M occurred in Badakhshan province.
Yemen: 14.4 million people are now food insecure: two million more than in June and four million more than before the escalation of conflict in March. 7.6 million people are severely food insecure. Heavy fighting continues, in particular in Al Dhalee and Taizz governorates. Peace talks between Houthi and government representatives, which were expected to begin mid-November, are yet to take place.
2015 FUNDING OUTLOOK
"We are raising as much, or more, as we’ve ever raised. Our traditional donors are as generous as ever.
It’s that the number of crises is outpacing the generosity. We need those who have given to us to give more. And we need more donors to support the gap.” WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin, speaking in August 2015 to Philanthropy Age magazine.
Summary of WFP assistance: The current PRRO provided an opportunity to review and realign activities with national priorities in a period characterised by an unprecedented, rapid and multifaceted transition in Myanmar. WFP coordinated the project closely with the Government and aligned its activities with the national development framework as outlined in the 'Nay Pyi Taw Accord for Effective Development Cooperation, signed in January 2013. In Myanmar, high malnutrition rates and low education indicators remain a major concern.
• The Rohingya are the largest group of stateless persons in the world. Systematic discrimination and human rights abuses in Myanmar has led to mass migration; most aim to reach Malaysia in risky sea voyages, falling prey to human trafficking. Many don’t make it to their destination and end up detained in transit countries, many die on the way. Protection is by far the largest concern, including gender based violence and child protection.
In July, Myanmar was hit by its worst flooding in decades displacing over one million people. Impacts on agriculture – the backbone of the country’s economy and main source of livelihood for millions of rural poor – were massive.