Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2015
Heavy rains caused floods and landslides in several parts of Myanmar since June 2015. On 30 July, Cyclone Komen made landfall in Bangladesh, bringing strong winds and additional heavy rains to the country, which resulted in widespread flooding across 12 of the country’s 14 states and regions (Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Magway, Mandalay, Mon, Rakhine, Sagaing, Shan, Yangon). On 31 July, the President declared Chin and Rakhine states, and Magway and Sagaing regions as natural disaster zones.
According to the National Natural Disaster Management Committee (NNDMC), 125 people were killed and some 1.7 million people were temporarily displaced by floods and landslides. Almost all of the displaced people had returned to their villages of origin by the end of September, leaving only about 10,000 people in evacuation centres (mainly in Sagaing Region and Chin State) awaiting relocation. The Government has said it expects most of these remaining displaced people to return to their villages of origin or to be relocated by the end of October, although a portion of these people may be in temporary accommodation for longer, particularly in the case of people who are going to be permanently relocated to new sites.
The NNDMC identified Hakha in Chin State, Kale in Sagaing Region, Pwintbyu in Magway Region, and Minbya and Mrauk-U in Rakhine as the five most affected townships where a total of 229,600 people were affected by the floods. According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, over 1.1 million acres of farmlands have been inundated, with more than 872,000 acres destroyed, as of 4 October. So far, 495,000 acres have since been re-cultivated. Damage to crops and arable land will disrupt the planting season and pose a risk to long-term food security.
While the water has receded in most areas, many roads and bridges were destroyed in the worst affected states and regions. The roads in Chin State were particularly badly affected and continue to pose a major logistical challenge for assessments and assistance delivery.
Multi-sectoral Initial Rapid Assessments (MIRA) were conducted in 317 locations of 34 townships in Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Magway, Rakhine and Sagaing, covering close to 200,000 people. Other needs assessments were also carried out in areas not covered by the MIRA assessments in Chin and Rakhine states. According to the Rakhine State Government (RSG), Buthidaung, Kyauktaw, Minbya, Maungdaw and Mrauk-U townships were the most severely affected areas in Rakhine State. In many parts of Rahine State, floods and salt water severely damaged the paddy fields. A major concern remains water contamination, as most villages use water ponds for drinking water and many ponds were flooded and contaminated.(OCHA, 4 Nov 2015)
Six months on from the devastating floods that struck Myanmar, around 400,000 people have received emergency assistance and support in their recovery from the Myanmar Red Cross Society and its partners in the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. At their peak the floods affected over 9 million people across 12 of Myanmar’s 14 states and regions. The floods temporarily displaced over 1.7 million people and destroyed 15,000 homes as well as more than 840,000 acres of agricultural crops.
Between July 2015 and January 2016, over 1,400 Red Cross volunteers and staff from the Myanmar Red Cross Society and Red Cross partners assisted flood affected people across the country. The first phase included evacuations, providing emergency relief such as purified water, food, household items, and shelter materials. Since then, efforts have been focused on supporting the longer term recovery of flood affected communities across the five worst hit regions of Chin, Rakhine, Sagaing, Magway and Ayerwady with livelihood activities, cleaning of contaminated ponds and wells and infrastructure rehabilitation. (ICRC, IFRC, Myanmar Red Cross Society, 29 Jan 2016)
Maps & Infographics
Snapshot 24 February – 1 March 2016
Swaziland: At least 300,000 people – one-third of the population – are in dire need of assistance, specifically of food and water. Poor and erratic rainfall as a result of El Niño dates back to 2014, and Swaziland has been experiencing significant reductions in crop production.
ACF-DRC: renovation of community building is completed.
IOM CCCM: training on Psychosocial First Aid for Camp Settings on the 8th and 9th October.
RSG has started the repair and maintenance of shelters in the camp throughout the support of the CMC members.
The starting date of Ramadan is on June 16, 2015.
Snapshot 17–23 February 2016
DRC: More than 35,000 people have lost shelter in Zongo, Sud-Ubangi, due to forest fires that have been affecting the territory since mid-December. The fires have destroyed over 2,600 hectares of crops. Assistance delivery is hampered by bad road conditions between Gemena and Zongo.
Hundreds of villages across Burma suffered dire water shortages last year, with pressure set to increase when El Niño hits the peak of its cycle, according to Naypyidaw’s environment experts.
In 2015, more than 450 villages in Irrawaddy, Rangoon and Pegu divisions, and Arakan State faced complete water shortages, with the effects of El Niño predicted to worsen the strain on vulnerable communities, the Department of Rural Development said. Temperatures have already soared to a scorching 35 degrees Celsius in February, and are expected to climb higher.
Soe Soe Yu
THE Myanmar Fisheries Federation (MFF) yesterday warned of the impact of El Niño on fish farming, calling for necessary measures to be undertaken to avoid possible losses.
High temperatures caused by El Niño can kill farmed fish, said the MFF, expressing worries over the possible death of farmed fish while the country’s fish farms are in the stage of recovery in the aftermath of the floods last year.
Changes in context
Pakistan: Over 190 children have died and 22,000 have been hospitalised in Tharparkar district in 2016 because of drought-related waterborne and viral diseases. Tharparkar is facing severe drought for the fourth consecutive year, and access to health services is reported to be very difficult, with families travelling an average distance of 17km to reach the nearest health facility.
This February issue includes:
- Relief assistance in Kokang, northern Shan and Wa
- Cash based transfers in flood response
- Humanitarian access to Sumprabum
- Targeted relief assistance in Kachin
- Emergency response to fire outbreak in Nam Hsan
- Handover ceremony between Korea and WFP
- Complaint and Feedback Mechanism.
Relief assistance in Kokang, northern Shan and Wa:
More than six months after floods and landslides in Haka and Tiddim of Chin State, new settlements are being handed over to the disaster victims by the regional government following rehabilitation efforts carried out by the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry.
The ministry built 458 houses—417 in Haka Township and 41 in Tiddim Township where some locals lost property due to flooding and landslides caused by heavy rains in July of last year.
Syria: The military offensive in Aleppo governorate has displaced more than 40,000 people since late January, and the number of displaced is reported to be increasing. There is concern that a siege of opposition-held areas of Aleppo city is imminent. An estimated 20,000 newly displaced Syrians are stuck at the Bab al Salam crossing along the Syria–Turkey border, as Turkey has denied them entry into Turkish territory.
IOM distributed 10,825 shelter kits, 11,300 mosquito nets, 2,000 tarpaulins, 500 family kits, 200 dignity kits and 11,400 blankets to the floods and landslides affected communities.
IOM worked with 9 partners to provide emergency assistance to affected communities in 7 States and Regions. Over 115,000 beneficiaries were supported during the flood response.
In response to recent floods and landslides, IOM provided support in CCCM, shelter, NFIs, food, protection, WASH and early recovery assistance.
During the winter months, the farmland around Pauk Khoan village is normally full of brightly coloured vegetable crops – sunflower, peanut, red bean, mustard broadleaf and maize. But this year is different. Thick, wet mud still covers most of the land, nearly six months after floodwaters swept through the area. Farmers have watched in dismay as their winter crops struggled to grow, turned yellow and wilted in the mud.
The Myanmar Emergency Response Fund (ERF) mobilises resources for partners to respond to the critical humanitarian needs in Myanmar. It provides funding to both national and international humanitarian organizations for activities that are in line with the United Nations and Partners Humanitarian Response Plan. In 2015, US$ 5 million was allocated to partners for life-saving humanitarian work in Myanmar, including US$ 1.3 million for the emergency response to the floods and landslides in Chin, Magway, Sagaing and Rakhine.
Summary of WFP assistance: The current PRRO provides an opportunity to review and realign activities with national priorities in a period characterised by an unprecedented, rapid and multifaceted transition in Myanmar. WFP coordinates the project closely with the Government and aligns its activities with the national development framework as outlined in the 'Nay Pyi Taw Accord for Effective Development Cooperation, signed in January 2013. In Myanmar, high malnutrition rates and low education indicators remain a major concern.
Snapshot 27 January – 2 February 2016
Boko Haram in Nigeria, Cameroon, and Chad: 86 people were killed and 62 injured, with 15 missing after Boko Haram set fire to Dalori, near Maiduguri in Borno state. The past week also saw attacks in Chibok that left 13 dead and 30 injured. 40 civilians were reported dead after Cameroonian troops announced they were carrying out a search for BH militants in the area. In Cameroon, 52 people were killed in BH attacks in January. In Chad, two suicide bombings in Lac region left three dead and 56 wounded.
Yangon – January 29 2016 - Six months on from the devastating floods that struck Myanmar, around 400,000 people have received emergency assistance and support in their recovery from the Myanmar Red Cross Society and its partners in the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.
At their peak the floods affected over 9 million people across 12 of Myanmar’s 14 states and regions. The floods temporarily displaced over 1.7 million people and destroyed 15,000 homes as well as more than 840,000 acres of agricultural crops.
On this Edition
- AHA Centre Emergency Response Organisation Exercise
- Annual Disaster Report
- Steps for Continuous Improvement in
- Emergency Operations at AHA Centre
By Mandy George, IFRC
Never in her 90 years had Daw Tin Oo witnessed anything like it. “The water came so fast,” she said. “Normally it flows one way and is only two or three feet deep, but this time it came from both directions. I’ve never heard such a noise. It kept rising so fast, and we were afraid. So we fled as fast as we could, leaving everything we had behind. The only things we saved were the clothes on our backs. We lost our home, our possessions and even our village.”