Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2015
Heavy rains caused floods and landslides in several parts of Myanmar since June 2015. On 30 July, Cyclone Komen made landfall in Bangladesh, bringing strong winds and additional heavy rains to the country, which resulted in widespread flooding across 12 of the country’s 14 states and regions (Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Magway, Mandalay, Mon, Rakhine, Sagaing, Shan, Yangon). On 31 July, the President declared Chin and Rakhine states, and Magway and Sagaing regions as natural disaster zones.
According to the National Natural Disaster Management Committee (NNDMC), 125 people were killed and some 1.7 million people were temporarily displaced by floods and landslides. Almost all of the displaced people had returned to their villages of origin by the end of September, leaving only about 10,000 people in evacuation centres (mainly in Sagaing Region and Chin State) awaiting relocation. The Government has said it expects most of these remaining displaced people to return to their villages of origin or to be relocated by the end of October, although a portion of these people may be in temporary accommodation for longer, particularly in the case of people who are going to be permanently relocated to new sites.
The NNDMC identified Hakha in Chin State, Kale in Sagaing Region, Pwintbyu in Magway Region, and Minbya and Mrauk-U in Rakhine as the five most affected townships where a total of 229,600 people were affected by the floods. According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, over 1.1 million acres of farmlands have been inundated, with more than 872,000 acres destroyed, as of 4 October. So far, 495,000 acres have since been re-cultivated. Damage to crops and arable land will disrupt the planting season and pose a risk to long-term food security.
While the water has receded in most areas, many roads and bridges were destroyed in the worst affected states and regions. The roads in Chin State were particularly badly affected and continue to pose a major logistical challenge for assessments and assistance delivery.
Multi-sectoral Initial Rapid Assessments (MIRA) were conducted in 317 locations of 34 townships in Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Magway, Rakhine and Sagaing, covering close to 200,000 people. Other needs assessments were also carried out in areas not covered by the MIRA assessments in Chin and Rakhine states. According to the Rakhine State Government (RSG), Buthidaung, Kyauktaw, Minbya, Maungdaw and Mrauk-U townships were the most severely affected areas in Rakhine State. In many parts of Rahine State, floods and salt water severely damaged the paddy fields. A major concern remains water contamination, as most villages use water ponds for drinking water and many ponds were flooded and contaminated.(OCHA, 4 Nov 2015)
Six months on from the devastating floods that struck Myanmar, around 400,000 people have received emergency assistance and support in their recovery from the Myanmar Red Cross Society and its partners in the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. At their peak the floods affected over 9 million people across 12 of Myanmar’s 14 states and regions. The floods temporarily displaced over 1.7 million people and destroyed 15,000 homes as well as more than 840,000 acres of agricultural crops.
Between July 2015 and January 2016, over 1,400 Red Cross volunteers and staff from the Myanmar Red Cross Society and Red Cross partners assisted flood affected people across the country. The first phase included evacuations, providing emergency relief such as purified water, food, household items, and shelter materials. Since then, efforts have been focused on supporting the longer term recovery of flood affected communities across the five worst hit regions of Chin, Rakhine, Sagaing, Magway and Ayerwady with livelihood activities, cleaning of contaminated ponds and wells and infrastructure rehabilitation. (ICRC, IFRC, Myanmar Red Cross Society, 29 Jan 2016)
Maps & Infographics
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Myanmar occupies a special place among the different contexts where localisation has had a major influence on the way aid practices have evolved. It was the focus of one of the case studies during the research project, “More than the Money: Localisation in Practice”, that Groupe URD carried out for Trócaire.
New publication launched: Local Humanitarian Action in Practice – Case Studies and Reflections of Local Humanitarian Actors
Yangon, 28 November 2017 - Earlier today, UNICEF and the Government of Japan handed over to Myanmar’s Ministry of Education one of the 78 schools being constructed, rehabilitated or repaired with funding support from the Government and people of Japan. The school construction was in response to the devastating 2015 floods, which hit large parts of Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Rakhine, Magway and Sagaing. Japan provided $10 million to UNICEF to support its efforts to ensure access to quality education for all children from all communities in Rakhine.
The Japanese Government, under its Grant Assistance for Grassroots Human Security Projects (GGP) Scheme, has granted US$ 158,057 for 1) The Project for Construction of Baung Bin Village Basic Education Branch Middle School in Myaing Township, Magway Region (US$ 75,546) and 2) The Project for Construction of Htauk Shar Pin Village Basic Education Primary School in Pakokku Township, Magway Region (US$ 82,511).
Myanmar, multiple crises:
- Internal conflict in Kachin/Northern Shan states (2011-ongoing)
- Inter-communal violence in Rakhine state (Jun and Oct 2012)
- Cyclone Komen floods (Aug-Dec 2015)
TOTAL PEOPLE AFFECTED
Rakhine: 145,000 displaced
Kachin/Northern Shan: 100,000 displaced
2015 floods: 1.7 million displaced
150,000 people with moderately or severely damaged houses (Myanmar Humanitarian Response Plan, 2016).
The Japanese Government, under its Grant Assistance for Grassroots Human Security Projects (GGP) Scheme, has granted US$ 430,961 for
1) The Project for Construction of No.13 Basic Education Branch Middle School in Kalay Township, Sagaing Region (US$ 116,008),
2) The Project for Construction of Mawlitekalay Ywar Thit Basic Education Post Primary School in Kalay Township, Sagaing Region (US$ 89,615),
3) The Project for Construction of Htomar Village Basic Education Branch High School in Kalay Township, Sagaing Region (US$ 87,354) and
Our Strategic Commitments
- **Impartiality** – We maintain impartiality in the selection of our staff. The selection of our beneficiaries purely is on a needs basis and not based on race, religion and/or political affiliation.
- **Staff Integrity** – We maintain a workforce who adhere to high moral and ethical principles.
- **Continuous Improvement** – We monitor and evaluate our work in order to improve on our past experiences and provide better humanitarian services as we progress.
The Japanese Government, under its Grant Assistance for Grassroots Human Security Projects (GGP) Scheme, has granted US$297,068 for
1) The Project for Construction of Nat Gyi Kone Village Basic Education Post Primary School in Kalay Township, Sagaing Region (US$131,334),
2) The Project for Construction of Kyauk Kar Village Basic Education Post Primary School in Kalay Township, Sagaing Region (US$78,380) and
3) The Project for Construction of Sa Kyin Monastic Post Primary School in Madaya Township, Mandalay Region (US$87,354).
By Brennan O’Connor, / Contributor
Extensive flooding in remote western Chin State, one of the poorest areas in Myanmar, caused massive landslides in 2015. In capital city Hakha, the landslides displaced thousands, wiping out half of the city’s farmland.
Around six months after the disaster struck, the state government started providing homes to victims in a new neighborhood called “Hakha Thar” in Hakha dialect, or “New Hakha” in English. It is informally referred to as New City, located several kilometers from the city center.
The Japanese Government, under its Grant Assistance for Grassroots Human Security Projects (GGP) Scheme, has granted US$480,050 for
1) The Project for Upgrading of Tha Yet Pin Kwin – Gyo Gone Village road in Einme Township, Ayeyarwaddy Region (US$111,178),
2) The Project for Construction of Kwin Kauk Basic Education High School in Ingapu Township, Ayeyarwady Region (US$133,568),
3) The Project for Construction of Tar Ngote Village Basic Education Primary School in Hinthada Township, Ayeyarwaddy Region (US$93,791) and
This is the first consolidated presentation of the reported results of CERF funding, covering a full year of CERF allocations. As such, it serves as a pilot and will inform future CERF results reporting. This report was compiled on the basis of information provided by Resident Coordinators/Humanitarian Coordinators (RC/ HCs) and Humanitarian Country Teams (HCTs) in 66 consolidated reports covering the results of more than 450 CERF-funded projects.
Last year 574 disasters were reported around the globe and 108 million people have been affected, according to the latest infographic by the Aid & International Development Forum. The vast majority (92%) of natural disasters are due to global warming. Out of 65.3 million displaced people around the world over 14% are being hosted in Asia and the Pacific.
The handover ceremonies of the three projects took place in Pwint Phyu, Pakokku and Myaing Townships on 2nd and 3rd of February 2017 respectively.
1) The Project for Construction of Sedaw Village Basic Education Branch Middle School in Pwint Phyu Township, Magway Region (US$51,201),
2) The Project for Construction of Two Schools in Pakokku Township, Magway Region (US$196,114) and
3) The Project for Construction of Ywa Thit Village Water Supply System in Myaing Township, Magway Region (US$121,720).
The first five years at a glance
One year on from the devastating floods that struck the country, around 400,000 people have received emergency assistance and support for their recovery from MRCS and its partners in the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Out of that number, 58,000 people were covered through IFRC’s emergency appeal. An infographic of Red Cross milestones from July 2015 to September 2016 is provided on the next page.
H.E. Mr. Tateshi HIGUCHI, Ambassador of Japan to Myanmar, and Chairpersons of the School Construction Committees concerned signed the grant contracts for five projects today. Under these contracts, Japan’s Grant Assistance for Grassroots Human Security Projects (GGP) Scheme will provide a total of US$ 719,857 as follows:
The Project for Construction of Nga Pyaw Taw Village Basic Education Primary School in Letpadan Township, Bago Region (US$ 101,071);