Somalia: Floods - Apr 2015
Somalia's seasonal Gu rains started in April 2015 in most southern and central regions and in late March in northern parts of the country, causing localized flooding which had displaced 16,000 people by 25 May. In Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, the floods were caused by high water levels in the upper stream of Shabelle river and led to the displacement of 13,500 people, while flash floods due to heavy rains in Gaalkacyo in Mudug region displaced 2,700 people. The floods have also destroyed about 6,800 hectares of farmland. (OCHA, 25 May 2015)
According to the FAO’s Somalia Water and Land Information Management, (SWALIM), the Gu main rainy season (April-June) began in late March and ended in early May in many parts of the north and southern and central regions of Somalia. Most parts of the country received normal to above normal rainfall, which led to improved water availability and pasture growth, especially for pastoral and agro-pastoral dependent households. However, some places recorded significantly below normal rains. (OCHA, 16 Jul 2015)
FAO’s latest forecasts for global supply and demand of cereals continue to point to a generally comfortable 2015/16 marketing season, with world inventories by the close of seasons in 2016 expected to fall only slightly below their record opening levels.
Humanitarian partners, including UNICEF, are scaling up preparedness activities and early response actions to mitigate the impact of the El Niňo phenomenon, expected to cause heavy rains and flooding along the Juba and Shabelle rivers and to further exacerbate drought conditions in coastal areas of Somaliland.
UNICEF and partners continue to provide assistance in response to the continued influx of people fleeing the conflict in Yemen and seeking safety in Somalia.
World cereal supply and demand balance in the 2015/16 marketing season is likely to remain in a generally comfortable situation. While world cereal production is expected to fall below last year’s record, supplies will be almost sufficient to meet the projected demand, requiring only a small reduction in global inventories by the end of the season.
Geneva/ Tehran, 13 October 2015 –The Red Crescent Society of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) will support 5,000 vulnerable families in Somalia and Kenya, through a Hunger Resilience and Food Security partnership signed yesterday by the leaders of the two organizations.
UNICEF and partners continue to work with authorities to register and provide assistance to the increasing numbers of people fleeing the conflict in Yemen. UNICEF support in July included medical and nutritional screening; referral of children with severe acute malnutrition; emergency measles and polio vaccination; first aid services; identification of separated and unaccompanied children; and psychosocial support.
Critical malnutrition rates in hard-to-reach areas of southcentral Somalia, including Bulo Burto and Xudur
More than 20,000 people have fled their homes due to military operations
Mid-year review shows some progress towards strategic objectives but more funding is still needed.
For further information, please contact:
Maurizio Giuliano, Public Information Officer a.i., OCHA Somalia, firstname.lastname@example.org, +254-738-999985
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR FEBRUARY 2016
Heavy rains from 30-31 May caused flooding in Kismayo and surrounding areas which led to death of two children in Dalxiska IDP settlement and destruction of property. The floods caused a number of latrines in the town to overflow leading to water contamination and also destroyed about 40 shallow wells.
The humanitarian situation in Somalia remains fragile.
Since mid-July, an estimated 18,000 people have fled their homes due to ongoing military operations in parts of southern and central Somalia. This is in addition to 1.1 million people already displaced around the country. At the same time, more people fleeing the conflict in Yemen is increasing the burden on already limited basic services. Furthermore, floods are anticipated in the coming weeks due to the expected El Niño phenomenon.
Influx of returnees to Somalia from Yemen
The volatile situation in Yemen has led to a continued influx of people to Somalia. Support by UNICEF in June has so far included providing protection related information to new arrivals; identifying separated and unaccompanied children; psychosocial support; polio and measles vaccinations; distribution of WASH supplies; nutrition screening and referral of children with SAM; etc.
Population in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and higher likely to increase through December
The population in Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) will likely increase slightly through December 201. The most food insecure people will be in riverine areas of Middle Shabelle Region due to flooding and agropastoral areas in Awdal, Hiraan , and Middle Juba Regions due to erratic April to June Gu rainfall.
During the reporting period, Food Security Cluster (FSC) partners were able to contribute to seasonal livelihood inputs (seeds and vaccination benefitting 257,637 people which represents 10% of the planned), livelihood assets (food for work, cash for work benefitting 470,862 people which represent 79% of the target) and improved access to food and safety nets (e.g.: general food distribution, unconditional cash and vouchers to 337,077
Humanitarian assistance continues across Somalia and as at mid-year about 658,000 Somalis or over 23 per cent of the 2.8 million target benefi ciaries had been assisted and protected through various interventions. Countrywide acute malnutrition levels were lowered from 14.9 to 12 per cent. During the same period, no polio cases were reported as a result of concerted vaccination campaigns against polio since 2014. This means the outbreak phase is likely to be declared over, although the risk of importation exists.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JANUARY 2016
• Acute food insecurity and high levels of malnutrition: 3 million people are in need of life-saving assistance and livelihood support, of which 731,000 are unable to meet their basic food requirements. 203,000 children are acutely malnourished, with around 38,000 of these children at risk of death without health and nutrition support.
Nutrition assessment reveals acute malnutrition among the displaced are above the emergency threshold.
Short-term deterioration in food security expected in agriculture dependent areas.
Urgent boost in funding is required to sustain crucial humanitarian response.
No. of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis 731,000
No. of people in food security stress 2.3m
Snapshot 8–14 July 2015
Yemen: More than 1,500 civilians have been killed since conflict began to escalate in March, and airstrikes and fighting continue despite the agreement to a six-day humanitarian pause over 11–17 July. There are now 1.26 million IDPs in the country – a 24% increase since mid-June. Only 20% of the fuel needed is available in the country, which is impacting upon all basic needs.
Prospects for world cereal production in 2015 remain favourable, despite recent adverse weather conditions in some regions and continuing concerns over El Niño, with the global cereal supply and demand outlook for 2015/16 pointing to generally stable conditions.