Haiti: Floods - Apr 2015
Heavy rainfall over the weekend of 4-5 Apr 2015 affected almost 9,000 families in Haiti: 8,413 families in the West department (89 per cent in Cité Soleil and 8 per cent in Tabarre) and 449 families in Grande Anse. Six people died in flooding in Port-au-Prince, including five children. A total of 8,770 houses were flooded (85 per cent in Cité Soleil) and 62 destroyed (46 in Delmas and 16 in Grande Anse). 245 families evacuated spontaneously (mainly in Delmas and Tabarre). The main reasons for the damage caused are the lack of cleaning of drainage canals and unplanned construction in the ravines. Distribution of food and non-food items for the affected families and cleaning of the drainage system and ravines are the most urgent actions to be undertaken. The Civil Protection Department is mobilizing existing contingency stocks of partners (mainly NGOs and UN) and coordinating the response with the help of OCHA. No official request for additional assistance has been made so far by the Haitian government. (ECHO, 8 Apr 2015)
HUMANITARIAN NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
I.2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The Advisory Board (AB) has approved a realistic 2015 annual strategy on 2 February 2015. The strategic approach focused its priorities on the most urgent humanitarian needs to respond to cholera outbreaks, disaster reduction and response and unforeseen emergencies.
The year 2015 received solely a Sweden’s contribution of US$ 0.5 million. However the ERRF had an important carry-over of US$ 3,2 million as UK Aid contribution of US$1.6 million was registered in October 2014.
The rainy season is underway and providing agricultural income opportunities for many very poor households, but some areas of the country have yet to see the rainy season begin. Moreover, there is an 80 percent likelihood for an El Nino to occur during the April to June period, which could result in below-average total seasonal rainfall, and therefore below-average harvests in June and July.
Mali: Gao and Timbutku regions have been the scene of multiple clashes between the Azawad Movement Coalition and Malian forces, as well as the pro-government Gatia militia. At least 12 people have been killed, including nine civilians. About 31,500 people have been displaced from three districts in Timbuktu region. They are in urgent needs of water, food, NFIs, and shelter support, but access is limited.
Iraq: Islamic State have taken control of Ramadi. 500 died and 42,840 people fled fighting in the city over 16–17 May, adding to the 180,000 displaced in Anbar since early April. Access to new IDPs in Habbaniyah, Khadiyah district, is limited due to insecurity, and health concerns are growing.
Snapshot 6–12 May 2015
Iraq: Conflict has escalated in a number of locations. In Anbar, fighting has displaced more than 47,000 in Karmah district, and more than 133,000 around Ramadi. Clashes between Islamic State and government forces have intensified around Baiji oil refinery, in Salah al Din.
Africa Weather Hazards
Very poor rainfall since February, combined with five consecutive weeks of virtually no rainfall since midMarch, has led to large moisture deficits and rapidly deteriorating ground conditions in Ethiopia, Djibouti, and eastern Eritrea.
Seasonally above-average rainfall, combined with heavy rainfall forecast across eastern Ethiopia and Somalia, is expected to increasethe risk for localized flooding along the Jubba and Shabelle River basins in Somalia.
Snapshot 29 April–5 May 2015
Nepal: The death toll from the earthquake has reached 7,250, with more than 14,000 injured. Aftershocks are still occurring, and some villages have still not been reached. 300,000 homes are estimated to need rebuilding or repair.
Yemen: The estimated number of IDPs has doubled since 17 April to reach 300,000, as conflict continues. Food distribution, health, and WASH systems are on the verge of collapse, due in large part to severe fuel shortages.
Drought continues in central and northern Ethiopia, with abnormal dryness in Djibouti and Eritrea
Africa Weather Hazards
Very poor rainfall since February, combined with five consecutive weeks of virtually no rainfall since mid March, has led to large moisture deficits and rapidly deteriorating ground conditions in Ethiopia, Djibouti, and eastern Eritrea.
Snapshot 22–28 April 2015
Nepal: The 7.8 magnitude earthquake that hit the country on 25 April has affected 8 million people. As of 28 April, 5,057 people have been reported dead, and more than 8,500 injured. Hundreds of thousands of people are living in tents, while the villages closest to the quake’s epicentre remain inaccessible.
Little rainfall expected over atypically dry areas of northern Ethiopia
Erratic, below-average rainfall in February and early March, followed by four consecutive weeks of little to no rainfall since mid-March has led to large moisture deficits and rapidly deteriorating ground conditions in Ethiopia. The absence of mid-season rainfall is likely to adversely affect cropping activities in Belg-producing areas of the country.
Snapshot 15–21 April 2015
Iraq Violence has displaced 14,000 families in and around Ramadi: 7,000 in Anbar; 5,000 in Baghdad, 2,000 on their way to Baghdad. Checkpoints and insecurity hamper IDP movement. UNICEF estimates 8.29 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, up from 5.2 million in February.
PERÚ: Como consecuencia de las intensas lluvias registradas en la región de Loreto, se reportan más de 115,000 personas afectadas en zonas urbanas y rurales.
HAITÍ: Las lluvias de los últimos días han destruido 8,800 casas, dejando sin vivienda a 50,000 personas. Las zonas más afectadas están en el suroeste del país y la capital, Puerto Príncipe.
CHILE: El Ministerio de Obras Públicas ha fijado la fecha del 30 de abril para tener un catastro que refleje el costo de la reconstrucción.
PERU: As a result of heavy rains in the region of Loreto, more than 115,000 people are affected in urban and rural areas.
HAITI: About 50,000 people lost their homes as recent severe storms destroyed 8,800 houses. The most affected areas are in the southwest of the country and the capital, Port au Prince.
CHILE: The Ministry of Public Works expects to release an official report on the costs of reconstruction 30 April.
Belg rainfall remains delayed in Ethiopia, dryness worsens in Malawi and Mozambique
Africa Weather Hazards
Rainfall continues to be below-average across several local areas of southwestern and east-central Ethiopia. Further delay of rainfall during April is likely to adversely affect cropping activities for several Belgproducing areas.
Snapshot 9–14 April 2015
Afghanistan: Security incidents have spiked in early April, after the announcement that more NATO troops would remain in the country than originally scheduled. NATO convoys were targeted in Nangarhar and Kabul on 10 April. On the same day, five NGO staff were found dead, having been abducted in Uruzgan province in early March.
Abnormal dryness persists in central Ethiopia and bi-modal Tanzania
Africa Weather Hazards
Despite an increase in rainfall during the last week, ground moisture remains below average parts of southwestern and east-central Ethiopia. Moderate to heavy rains are forecast in southern and western Ethiopia, while below-average rainfall is expected in the central parts of the country during the next week.
P-au-P, 08 avril 2015 [AlterPresse] --- Une augmentation des cas de choléra est enregistrée dans diverses communes du pays, en particulier dans des quartiers situés dans la périphérie de la zone métropolitaine de la capitale Port-au-Prince, avec les récentes averses, qui ont aussi fait des sinistrés, selon les informations obtenues par l’agence en ligne AlterPresse.
Depuis les derniers jours du mois de mars et tout au long de la première semaine du mois d’avril 2015, de nouveaux cas sont apparus.