Pakistan: Floods - Apr 2015
Unseasonably early rainfall has been affecting parts of Pakistan since late February 2015. On 26 Apr, a severe storm in northwest Pakistan, dubbed a "mini-cyclone", killed 45 people. (DAWN, 28 Apr 2015)
Heavy rainfall starting on 3 Jun resulted in flash floods in Khuzdar District, Baluchistan Province. According to initial reports, residents of the area were not able to evacuate in time. So far, nine deaths have been reported. District authorities are currently undertaking search and rescue operations as well as damage assessment. (ECHO, 5 Jun 2015)
Heavy monsoon rains, the rapid melting of snow and outbursts from glacial lakes from 16 to 22 July 2015 have led to flash floods and the flooding of the Indus River in various locations across Pakistan. Chitral District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has been badly hit with an estimated 285,000 people affected. Areas in Gilgit Baltistan, Punjab and Sindh are also affected. The Pakistan Army and Government authorities are providing immediate response. OCHA is in contact with provincial and national disaster management authorities, and continues to monitor the situation. (OCHA, 22 Jul 2015)
On 12 August, the IFRC allocated CHF 223,756 from DREF to support 2,880 people for 4 months to meet the immediate needs of flood-affected populations through provision of emergency shelter and essential household item assistance. (IFRC, 12 Aug 2015) The IFRC launched an Emergency Appeal of CHF 1,486,227 on 27 August to support 39,900 people for 6 months with provision of emergency health services, food, water and sanitation services, emergency shelter and essential household assistance. (IFRC, 27 Aug 2015) This appeal was revised down to CHF 550,477 to continue assistance to 38,570 people in the areas of food assistance, distribution of shelter and non-food items, water provision and health care. (IFRC, 18 Dec 2015)
According to the report from Pakistan National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) dated 14 September 2015, 1,572,191 people were affected by the floods in more than 4,111 villages, with 238 reported deaths and 232 persons injured. More than one million people were evacuated with 835 relief camps established. The flooding caused damage to houses, crops and infrastructure, with KP and Punjab amongst the Provinces worst hit. (IFRC, 18 Dec 2015)
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable prospects for 2017 wheat crop production
Above-average production for 2016 summer cereal crops estimated
Rice exports expected to increase in 2016
Prices of wheat and wheat flour strengthened in recent months
Localized food insecurity persists
Favourable prospects for 2017 wheat crop production
2,000 dengue fever cases surfaced in Sindh this year 03
Beijing to build ventilation corridors as smog returns 04
Pakistan Climate Change Council to be formed soon 05
Smog to stay for two months, says DG Met 05
Safer, resilient communities: ‘Youth in need of disaster management training’ 06
China stands by Pakistan meeting its defense requirements, says Chang Wanquan 08
Mastermind of Quetta police academy carnage arrested 08
COAS confirms death sentences of nine hardcore terrorists 10
The Natural Disasters Consortium (NDC) comprising IOM, FAO, UNICEF, ACTED and HANDS completed year one of its operations. During this year, the NDC responded to the 2015 floods and earthquake, launched related recovery activities, and implemented residual recovery interventions for communities affected by disasters in earlier years. Year 1 key achievements for preparedness, response and recovery are captured below:
In preparation for future disasters, the Consortium is:
Effort to cut child deaths includes new construction standards for schools, evacuation drills and putting climate risks into the curriculum
By Saleem Shaikh
SAJAWAL, Pakistan, Oct 24 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When seven hours of non-stop rain led to a flash flood that swept through his village school, leaving it heavily damaged, science teacher Ali Zamin Samejo had to be hospitalised for shock.
Description of the disaster
New facilities for Chitral community enhance safety and gender justice
Islamic Relief has been tackling gender injustice with a bathroom building scheme in a remote area of Pakistan.
In the Himalayan Bamburat Valley, in the northern district of Chitral, the Kalash indigenous group is Pakistan’s smallest religious minority, with a community of less than 5,000.
Telepsychiatry sessions between doctors in Karachi and villagers in the north mean distance is no issue.
In March 2015, floods ravaged the small village of Charun Oveer, tucked way beside Chitral. All the turbines — the only source of electricity for the village – were destroyed. Seven months later in October, a 7.5 earthquake hit the same region, and the village saw its houses turn to rubble.
Sindh Drought Needs Assessment - SDNA 2015
68% of the farmers have no seeds for the next cropping season
67% of large ruminants were lost due to the impact of drought
58% of small ruminants were lost in the drought hit areas
MUAC significantly lower for children particularly in South Eastern parts of Sindh
28 MILLION PEOPLE FORCIBLY DISPLACED BY CONFLICT AND DISASTERS IN 2015 AND MILLIONS MORE STILL INVISIBLE: IDMC NEW REPORT HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL CRISIS OF INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT
Conflict, violence and disasters internally displaced 27.8 million people in 2015, subjecting a record number of men, women and children to the trauma and upheaval of being forcibly displaced within their own country.
Most remaining IDPs are expected to return to FATA in 2016.
With over 1.5 million remain- ing registered Afghan refu- gees, Pakistan constitutes the world’s largest protracted refugee situation.
Female-headed households have more dif culty access- ing assistance due to a lack of documentation and cultural restrictions.
Displacement and natural disasters compound already high rates of food insecurity in Pakistan.
Pakistan Food Security Cluster / Working Group continue to play its role in better humanitarian response and providing latest facts and figures using in-depth analysis and latest assessments/surveys for multiple types of emergencies (IDPs/TDPs/Returnees, Floods, Earthquake) for food security and agriculture/ livelihood. The FSC products are seen as substantially helping the FSC members to build the affected people back to normal situation after disaster through strategized approaches for better and improved humanitarian response.
UN report calls for urgent actions to tackle rising urban disasters in Asia-Pacific
Timeframe covered by this update: 1 September to 15 January 2016