Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Heavy rains starting in September 2014 caused flooding in Ethiopia's Afar, SNNP and Somali regions (OCHA, 20 Oct 2014). By 28 Oct, some 72,680 people had been affected and more than 50,000 people had been displaced, having partially or totally lost their homes and livelihoods. (OCHA, 28 Oct 2014)
By the end of 2014, 320,000 people had been displaced by flooding (OCHA, 2 Feb 2015).
Maps & Infographics
The Humanitarian Requirements Document for 2015 has been endorsed and released. About 2.9 million people need emergency support until June 2015. From the total about 38 and 31 percent are from Oromia and Somali region which constitute 70 per-cent of the caseload..
For the 2014/2015 marketing season, WFP has signed contracts with 30 Purchase for Progress cooperative unions of Amhara, Oromiya and SNNPR regions for the delivery of 30,000mt of local maize.
According to the Humanitarian Requirement Document released in March, 2.9 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2015.
The food security situation has stabilized in most parts of the country in January 2015 with the completion of the Meher harvest season (November – January).
Resource shortfalls are reported for the second and third rounds relief food ration for 2015.
Seasonal rains started in most woredas. Assessment in the coming days will determine the impact of the rains on availability of water and pasture.
The Japanese Government donated US$11.8 million to assist South Sudanese refugees and host communities in Gambella region. UNHCR will receive $5.8 million, WFP $5 million and WHO $1 million.
The 2015 appeal calls for $386 million; with $41 million carry-over from 2014, the target is $344 million.
Funding prospects are bleak.
Commodity shortfalls are reported for the first round relief food ration for 2015.
Following the relocation of more than 48,000 South Sudanese refugees from Leitchuor camp,
Jewi, the new camp in Gambella region, will nearly reach full capacity. Additional camp sites are needed to accommodate new arrivals
WFP urgently requires USD 54 million for the next six months to meet the needs of all refugees in Kenya, Sudan and Uganda.
In Uganda, WFP will lift 50 percent ration cuts for refugees who arrived before June 2013 in April thanks to the receipt of new contributions.
Fears of renewed fighting in Upper Nile State, may result in an increased number of people crossing into neighboring countries in the coming weeks, particularly in Sudan.
WFP urgently requires USD 55 million for the next six months to meet the needs of all refugees in Kenya, Sudan and Uganda.
In Uganda, WFP is implementing 50 percent ration cuts for refugees who arrived before June 2013 in order to stretch available resources. Full rations will be restored in April thanks to the receipt of new contributions.
An estimated 2.9 million people will require food assistance in 2015.
The Government and humanitarian agencies are concerned over possible funding shortfalls in many critical sectors.
UNHCR needs an additional US$16.5 million to develop the new camp site in Gambella.
2015 humanitarian requirements officially released
Following the overall near normal performance of the 2014 kiremt rains, food security is expected to improve in many parts of the country. Nevertheless, humanitarian challenges will continue in pocket areas in the northeastern and southeastern parts of the country where the seasonal rainfall performance was poor. Moreover, food security will likely continue to deteriorate in areas affected by various hazards during the latter half of 2014.
Pocket areas that received inadequate seasonal rainfall in 2014 and/or had a poor harvest due to flooding or crop disease will remain vulnerable in early 2015. Released on 18 February, the nutrition hotspot classification for the first quarter of 2015 identified 338 nutrition hotspot woredas for priority intervention. The classification team also identified woredas that require emergency WaSH intervention.
The total number of South Sudanese refugees who have entered Ethiopia since the outbreak of the conflict in mid-December 2013 is now over 196,144 individuals, including 193,425 individuals who entered through the Gambella Region and 2,719 who entered through the Assosa Region.
DRMFSS/ENCU called on nutrition partners to start new or expand existing emergency nutrition interventions based on the newly released nutrition hotspot woreda list.
23,646 people in drought-affected Legahida and Salahad woredas of Nogob zone (Somali region) await water trucking support.
The Somali region WaSH Cluster is completing a rapid assessment to verify the reported acute water shortages in Deka Siftu woreda of Liben zone.
• Risk financing budget transfer and two rounds emergency food transfer and distribution were inadequate and late for flood affected and drought affected people in the woreda.
• Cash transfers made during the last four months by the regional Health, Water and Education Bureaus were not yet utilized.
• A total of 1533quintals of grain, supplementary food and oil was also at Omo Rate town despite desperate needs in all the thirty eight kebeles of the woreda.
The Government and partners are working together to further strengthen the country’s Ebola preparedness and address the gaps identified during the mid-January Ebola scare.
391,301 people were newly internally displaced during October-December 2014, the majority as a result of flooding.
Fourteen water trucks, up from 11 trucks two weeks ago, were requested to address water shortages in East Hararge, West Hararge and West Arsi zones of Oromia region.
December 2014 marked the first anniversary of the South Sudan conflict as efforts to restore peace and stability in Africa’s newest State continue.
One year since thousands of South Sudanese mostly women and children fled to seek refuge in Ethiopia, and in particular in the Gambella Region, the Government of Ethiopia, UNHCR and partners have been responding to the refugee emergency amid challenges.
IOM has assisted a total of 184,656 refugees: 182,044 in Gambella and 2,612 in Benishangul‐Gumuz since the conflict broke out.
Since the last update, IOM has evacuated a total 20 refugees in Gambella Region.
The total number of refugees relocated in Gambella is significantly lower as refugees are preferring to stay at Matar station.
2014 Humanitarian Response Overview
This Indicator Report provides a monthly snapshot of the regional response to the South Sudan Situation. The indicators included report on the Post 15 December 2013 South Sudan caseload only. The report is prepared through collaboration with the reporting country and the Regional Support Hub, Nairobi. The notes below provide further contextual information on various sector indicators:
The 2014 Humanitarian Response Fund (HRF) funding strategy prioritized lifesaving interventions with limited engagements in livelihood support. Despite significant needs across all sectors, the humanitarian response in Ethiopia remained underfunded given more high-profile emergencies around the world during the year. As a result, the national Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) was only 58 per cent funded at the end of the year.
IOM has assisted a total of 184,031 refugees: 181,541 in Gambella and 2,599 in Benishangul‐Gumuz since the conflict broke out.
Since the last update, IOM has evacuated a total 3,504 refugees in Gambella Region.
There was no emergency evacuation and relocation activity in Benishangul Gumuz mainly because of security concern at the Yanbu’s corridor since mid - November.