Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Heavy rains starting in September 2014 caused flooding in Ethiopia's Afar, SNNP and Somali regions (OCHA, 20 Oct 2014). By 28 Oct, some 72,680 people had been affected and more than 50,000 people had been displaced, having partially or totally lost their homes and livelihoods. (OCHA, 28 Oct 2014)
By the end of 2014, 320,000 people had been displaced by flooding (OCHA, 2 Feb 2015).
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Increased rainfall in December improves production prospects in the Eastern Horn
Rainfall performance has been above average in most areas that are depend on the October to December “short rains” season, mostly over the Eastern Horn of Africa. This rainfall, which is attributable to the very strong and ongoing El Niño event, created favorable conditions for crop production.
February–May seasonal rainfall may be below average, causing households in Afar, Oromiya, and Somali regions to continue experiencing Crisis—IPC 3—levels of food insecurity through June*
The Government of Ethiopia (GoE) Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) 2015 appeals for $344.9 million to fund relief operations during 2015
Addis Ababa March 18/2015 The commitment of Ethiopia to accommodate refugees is highly appreciable, Deputy Assistant Secretary of US Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration said.
Deputy Assistant SecretaryCatherine A. Wiesner, officials and international organization representatives yesterday inaugurated a new refugee camp that can accommodate 50,000 refugees in Gambella Regional State as the Leitchuor camp is exposed to floods.
Following the overall near normal performance of the 2014 kiremt rains, food security is expected to improve in many parts of the country. Nevertheless, humanitarian challenges will continue in pocket areas in the northeastern and southeastern parts of the country where the seasonal rainfall performance was poor. Moreover, food security will likely continue to deteriorate in areas affected by various hazards during the latter half of 2014.
Flooding in many areas of Ethiopia prompts multi-agency humanitarian response
Food security mostly stable, some areas experience deterioration; malnutrition increases in areas of Somali and Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP) regions
The UK will provide emergency food, shelter and sanitation to half a million refugees that have fled the ongoing fighting in South Sudan
With almost a quarter of refugees reaching camps in Ethiopia, Uganda and Kenya suffering from acute malnutrition, the new £16.4 million package will provide:
Leitchour refugee camp has been underwater since the rains began this past June. Now the rains are over, bringing some reprieve to the more than 47 000 refugees living here. The expansive floodplain, dotted with white tents and huddles of round huts, is still extensively flooded. Refugees and villagers have to wade through knee-high dark brown waters. But they say it is now much better - at the peak of the rainy season, movement was impossible, except by boat.
A wretched camp
Mid-October floods continue to limit access to grazing lands
In mid-October, unusually late rains caused flooding along the Shebelle River in Somali Region, on the shores of Lake Turkana in South Omo Zone in Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR), and along the Awash River in southern Afar. The floods both destroyed and limited access to grazing areas, which has led to deterioration in livestock body conditions and productivity. This reduced households’ access to food and income.
Early-season rainfall deficits impact vegetation in southern Somalia and eastern Kenya
Drier-than-normal conditions persist in eastern Kenya and southern Somalia despite moderate to heavy rainfall in the first dekad of November.
Flooding over the Shabelle and Juba River Basins continued to damage crops and homesteads in southern Somalia and in the Dassench and Kangatom areas of the South Omo Zone of Ethiopia.
- Both poor seasonal rainfall and downstream flooding along the Jubba and Shabelle Rivers are expected to negatively affect many local areas in southern Somalia.
- The continued delays in rains lead to strengthening moisture deficits across several areas in Angola and South Africa.
Food security likely to improve in most areas following normal Meher harvest
CLIMATE OUTLOOK FOR BEGA 2014/2015
• Northeastern, central and eastern Ethiopia are highly likely to receive near normal, with a possibility of above normal rainfall at some places.
• Rainfall anomalies
o Unseasonal rains are likely to occur over northeastern, eastern and central portion of the nation
• Temperature anomalies
o Moist air and cloud coverage will significantly be dominated during the periods when frost events are supposed to occur.