Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Heavy rains starting in September 2014 caused flooding in Ethiopia's Afar, SNNP and Somali regions (OCHA, 20 Oct 2014). By 28 Oct, some 72,680 people had been affected and more than 50,000 people had been displaced, having partially or totally lost their homes and livelihoods. (OCHA, 28 Oct 2014)
By the end of 2014, 320,000 people had been displaced by flooding (OCHA, 2 Feb 2015).
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Resource shortfalls are reported for the second and third rounds relief food ration for 2015.
Seasonal rains started in most woredas. Assessment in the coming days will determine the impact of the rains on availability of water and pasture.
The Japanese Government donated US$11.8 million to assist South Sudanese refugees and host communities in Gambella region. UNHCR will receive $5.8 million, WFP $5 million and WHO $1 million.
The 2015 appeal calls for $386 million; with $41 million carry-over from 2014, the target is $344 million.
Funding prospects are bleak.
Commodity shortfalls are reported for the first round relief food ration for 2015.
Following the relocation of more than 48,000 South Sudanese refugees from Leitchuor camp,
Jewi, the new camp in Gambella region, will nearly reach full capacity. Additional camp sites are needed to accommodate new arrivals
An estimated 2.9 million people will require food assistance in 2015.
The Government and humanitarian agencies are concerned over possible funding shortfalls in many critical sectors.
UNHCR needs an additional US$16.5 million to develop the new camp site in Gambella.
2015 humanitarian requirements officially released
Pocket areas that received inadequate seasonal rainfall in 2014 and/or had a poor harvest due to flooding or crop disease will remain vulnerable in early 2015. Released on 18 February, the nutrition hotspot classification for the first quarter of 2015 identified 338 nutrition hotspot woredas for priority intervention. The classification team also identified woredas that require emergency WaSH intervention.
DRMFSS/ENCU called on nutrition partners to start new or expand existing emergency nutrition interventions based on the newly released nutrition hotspot woreda list.
23,646 people in drought-affected Legahida and Salahad woredas of Nogob zone (Somali region) await water trucking support.
The Somali region WaSH Cluster is completing a rapid assessment to verify the reported acute water shortages in Deka Siftu woreda of Liben zone.
• Risk financing budget transfer and two rounds emergency food transfer and distribution were inadequate and late for flood affected and drought affected people in the woreda.
• Cash transfers made during the last four months by the regional Health, Water and Education Bureaus were not yet utilized.
• A total of 1533quintals of grain, supplementary food and oil was also at Omo Rate town despite desperate needs in all the thirty eight kebeles of the woreda.
The Government and partners are working together to further strengthen the country’s Ebola preparedness and address the gaps identified during the mid-January Ebola scare.
391,301 people were newly internally displaced during October-December 2014, the majority as a result of flooding.
Fourteen water trucks, up from 11 trucks two weeks ago, were requested to address water shortages in East Hararge, West Hararge and West Arsi zones of Oromia region.
2014 Humanitarian Response Overview
The 2014 Humanitarian Response Fund (HRF) funding strategy prioritized lifesaving interventions with limited engagements in livelihood support. Despite significant needs across all sectors, the humanitarian response in Ethiopia remained underfunded given more high-profile emergencies around the world during the year. As a result, the national Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) was only 58 per cent funded at the end of the year.
Between 17 November (when the relocation started) and 6 December, UNHCR and IOM relocated 5,667 South Sudanese refugees from Matar way station to Pugnido camp.
Woredas in the lowlands of Oromia that did not receive enough rain to replenish water sources continue to report water shortages. During the week, six water trucks provided water to an estimated 59,542 people.
Displacement increased by 1.4 million in region
The number of people displaced in the region has increased by 14 per cent in the last six months. By the end of September 2014, the total number of people displaced was 11,433,752 in Burundi, (eastern) Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Of the total displaced population, 2,467,547 are refugees while 8,966,205 are internally displaced persons (IDPs) and people severely affected by conflict.
Ethiopia hosts the largest South Sudanese refugee population in the region with 256,000 people, including nearly 194,000 new arrivals registered since 15 December 2013. The number of arrivals increased of late from 90 people per day to an average daily arrival rate of 100 people.
Humanitarian partners continue to coordinate necessary response to floodaffected communities through the Gode, Jijiga (Somali region) and Amibara (Afar region) Incident Command Posts (ICP).
Eritrean refugees continue to arrive in northern Ethiopia in high numbers. 2,173 refugees arrived so far in November
Some 5,000 Eritrean refugees, primarily from Asmara, arrived in Ethiopia during October.
DRMFSS dispatched initial relief food assistance to flood affected people in Dassenech woreda and is collaborating with FAO and sector partners to initiate livestock intervention.
Woredas in the lowlands of Oromia that did not receive enough rains to replenish water sources continue to report water shortages
Some 72,680 people in Afar, Somali and SNNP regions were affected by flooding. More than 50,000 people were displaced, having partially or totally lost their homes and livelihoods. The forecasted good performance of the deyr (October-December) rains in the Somali region pose a continued risk of flooding. The Government and humanitarian partners started mobilizing resources. Responses are coordinated through the Government-led Incident Command Posts in Gode, Jijiga (Somali region) and Amibara (Afar region).
WFP dispatched 441MT of relief food items to 33,100 flood-affected people in seven woredas of Afar and Somali regions. Since September, the overflow of rivers in Afar and Somali regions affected 47,727 households, including 32,613 households displaced.
An emergency nutrition survey conducted in Dassenech woreda of SNNPR in September revealed a critical nutrition situation. DRMFSS dispatched relief food items, for blanket supplementary feeding targeting children under-5, pregnant and breastfeeding women.
3.2 million relief food beneficiaries are identified for the second half of 2014 by the mid-year review of the 2014 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD).
The Federal Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Sector (DRMFSS) and partners are expediting resource mobilization to support more than 50,700 flood-displaced people requiring assistance in Afar, Somali and SNNP regions.
More than 200 Eritrean refugees cross the Ethiopian border each day. The sudden spike in arrivals since September cause congestion at the reception centre.
Localized heavy rains since September produced flooding in Afar, SNNP and Somali regions, triggering displacements, and loss of lives and livelihoods.
Relief food beneficiaries in nutrition hotspot priority two and three woredas did not receive the fifth round release food ration due to due to delays in the 2014 HRD mid-review.
Pending the release of the revised 2014 HRD, the Government agreed to dispatch the fifth round relief food ration to 1.5 million beneficiaries in 108 nutrition hotspot priority one woredas.
Suspected cases of acute watery diarrhea (AWD) were reported from Dollo Ado woreda last week. A health team is currently investigating the report.