Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Heavy rains starting in September 2014 caused flooding in Ethiopia's Afar, SNNP and Somali regions (OCHA, 20 Oct 2014). By 28 Oct, some 72,680 people had been affected and more than 50,000 people had been displaced, having partially or totally lost their homes and livelihoods. (OCHA, 28 Oct 2014)
By the end of 2014, 320,000 people had been displaced by flooding (OCHA, 2 Feb 2015).
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The UK will provide emergency food, shelter and sanitation to half a million refugees that have fled the ongoing fighting in South Sudan
With almost a quarter of refugees reaching camps in Ethiopia, Uganda and Kenya suffering from acute malnutrition, the new £16.4 million package will provide:
The 2014 Humanitarian Response Fund (HRF) funding strategy prioritized lifesaving interventions with limited engagements in livelihood support. Despite significant needs across all sectors, the humanitarian response in Ethiopia remained underfunded given more high-profile emergencies around the world during the year. As a result, the national Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) was only 58 per cent funded at the end of the year.
This Indicator Report provides a monthly snapshot of the regional response to the South Sudan Situation. The indicators included report on the Post 15 December 2013 South Sudan caseload only. The report is prepared through collaboration with the reporting country and the Regional Support Hub, Nairobi. The notes below provide further contextual information on various sector indicators:
IOM has assisted a total of 184,031 refugees: 181,541 in Gambella and 2,599 in Benishangul‐Gumuz since the conflict broke out.
Since the last update, IOM has evacuated a total 3,504 refugees in Gambella Region.
There was no emergency evacuation and relocation activity in Benishangul Gumuz mainly because of security concern at the Yanbu’s corridor since mid - November.
Snapshot 10–16 December
Iraq: 700,000 IDPs, mostly in Dahuk and Anbar governorates, are living in shelters that are not adapted for winter temperatures. 945,000 IDPs are in dire need of kerosene for heating.
Afghanistan: Kabul has been hit by at least 12 suicide attacks since early November, with more attacks also carried out elsewhere, fuelling concerns about the protection of civilians.
Leitchour refugee camp has been underwater since the rains began this past June. Now the rains are over, bringing some reprieve to the more than 47 000 refugees living here. The expansive floodplain, dotted with white tents and huddles of round huts, is still extensively flooded. Refugees and villagers have to wade through knee-high dark brown waters. But they say it is now much better - at the peak of the rainy season, movement was impossible, except by boat.
A wretched camp
Concern Worldwide has been helping communities in Gelsha, Ethiopia to cope with persistent flooding. Now, thanks to training in new farming techniques, people like Lubaba can grow enough food to feed their families.
In the rural highlands of Ethiopia, people depend on agriculture to feed their families and earn a living. However, increasingly erratic rainfall patterns are causing problems for farmers.
Snapshot 3–9 December
Philippines: Category 5 Typhoon Hagupit, locally known as Ruby, made landfall on 6 December over the town of Dolores in Eastern Samar province (Eastern Philippines). At least 49 of 81 provinces are potentially at high risk. The typhoon is moving very slowly, potentially subjecting each community in the path of the typhoon to high winds and torrential rainfall for much longer. 1.1 million people are affected.
Between 17 November (when the relocation started) and 6 December, UNHCR and IOM relocated 5,667 South Sudanese refugees from Matar way station to Pugnido camp.
Woredas in the lowlands of Oromia that did not receive enough rain to replenish water sources continue to report water shortages. During the week, six water trucks provided water to an estimated 59,542 people.
The total number of South Sudanese refugees who have entered Ethiopia since the outbreak of the conflict in mid-December 2013 is now over 193,938 individuals, comprising 191,369 individuals who entered through Gambella and 2,569 who entered through the Assosa region.
The average arrival rate of South Sudanese refugees to the Gambella region has remained low as the rainy season comes to an end.
• The joint Government of Ethiopia and partner’s humanitarian appeal has been released following the completion of joint assessments in the country. The number of relief food beneficiaries has increased to 3.2 million. This is significantly higher than the 2.7 million people projected at the beginning of the year and is mainly due to the poor 2014 belg/gu/ganna seasonal rain performances in the south and south eastern parts of Ethiopia.
Niger: 10,000 refugees arrived in Diffa region from Damasack, Nigeria. Most were fleeing forced recruitment by Boko Haram, and some unaccompanied children were reported. More than 105,000 people have arrived from Nigeria since May 2013, and the rate is increasing. The newly displaced are in a critical situation, and Diffa faces serious gaps in service provision.
Displacement increased by 1.4 million in region
The number of people displaced in the region has increased by 14 per cent in the last six months. By the end of September 2014, the total number of people displaced was 11,433,752 in Burundi, (eastern) Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Of the total displaced population, 2,467,547 are refugees while 8,966,205 are internally displaced persons (IDPs) and people severely affected by conflict.
Les violences qui ont éclaté au Soudan du Sud en décembre 2013 ont fait peser un fardeau supplémentaire sur une sous-région déjà très instable, en proie à d’incessants confl¬its et déplacements de population.
The eruption of violence in South Sudan in December 2013 placed an additional burden on an already volatile subregion, which continues to suffer from conflict and displacement.
Nine months into the South Sudan crisis, there were approximately 1.3 million internally displaced people (IDPs) and more than 450,000 new South Sudanese refugees, who fled to Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda.
Ethiopia hosts the largest South Sudanese refugee population in the region with 256,000 people, including nearly 194,000 new arrivals registered since 15 December 2013. The number of arrivals increased of late from 90 people per day to an average daily arrival rate of 100 people.
The Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) released in October 2014, identified 3.2 million people in need of relief assistance in Ethiopia until December 2014.
As at end October distribution for the 4th round was at 96 Percent and distribution for the 5th round 24 percent.
• As of November 17, IOM has resumed transportation assistance to South Sudanese refugees stranded by heavy rains and flooding in Matar.
• The total number of refugees evacuated by IOM is 173,874 in Gambella and 2,599 in Benishangul‐Gumuz.
Mid-October floods continue to limit access to grazing lands
In mid-October, unusually late rains caused flooding along the Shebelle River in Somali Region, on the shores of Lake Turkana in South Omo Zone in Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR), and along the Awash River in southern Afar. The floods both destroyed and limited access to grazing areas, which has led to deterioration in livestock body conditions and productivity. This reduced households’ access to food and income.