Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Heavy rains starting in September 2014 caused flooding in Ethiopia's Afar, SNNP and Somali regions (OCHA, 20 Oct 2014). By 28 Oct, some 72,680 people had been affected and more than 50,000 people had been displaced, having partially or totally lost their homes and livelihoods. (OCHA, 28 Oct 2014)
By the end of 2014, 320,000 people had been displaced by flooding (OCHA, 2 Feb 2015).
Maps & Infographics
Afghanistan: Heavy snowfall has caused avalanches in northern, central and eastern Afghanistan; 280 people have died. Panshir province is most affected. Communication lines have been disrupted in places, power supplies to Kabul have been cut. Priority needs are for NFIs and emergency shelter; access to isolated areas is difficult.
Pocket areas that received inadequate seasonal rainfall in 2014 and/or had a poor harvest due to flooding or crop disease will remain vulnerable in early 2015. Released on 18 February, the nutrition hotspot classification for the first quarter of 2015 identified 338 nutrition hotspot woredas for priority intervention. The classification team also identified woredas that require emergency WaSH intervention.
The total number of South Sudanese refugees who have entered Ethiopia since the outbreak of the conflict in mid-December 2013 is now over 196,144 individuals, including 193,425 individuals who entered through the Gambella Region and 2,719 who entered through the Assosa Region.
Snapshot 18-24 February 2015
Myanmar: 90,000 people are now reported to have been displaced by continuing violence between government troops and multiple armed groups in Kokang, Shan state. Aid organisations have been subject to attack – seven people were wounded in two separate incidents.
DRMFSS/ENCU called on nutrition partners to start new or expand existing emergency nutrition interventions based on the newly released nutrition hotspot woreda list.
23,646 people in drought-affected Legahida and Salahad woredas of Nogob zone (Somali region) await water trucking support.
The Somali region WaSH Cluster is completing a rapid assessment to verify the reported acute water shortages in Deka Siftu woreda of Liben zone.
• Risk financing budget transfer and two rounds emergency food transfer and distribution were inadequate and late for flood affected and drought affected people in the woreda.
• Cash transfers made during the last four months by the regional Health, Water and Education Bureaus were not yet utilized.
• A total of 1533quintals of grain, supplementary food and oil was also at Omo Rate town despite desperate needs in all the thirty eight kebeles of the woreda.
Snapshot 11–17 February 2015
Myanmar: Fighting between the Myanmar army and the MNDAA, an insurgent group in the Kokang area of Shan state, displaced tens of thousands of people. Some fled into central Myanmar, while between 30,000 and 50,000 are thought to have crossed into Nansan, Yunnan province, China.
Snapshot 4–10 February 2015
Guinea: An increase in Ebola case numbers has been reported for the second consecutive week. Resistance to the response remains high in Forecariah, worst affected by the outbreak; though ten prefectures have reported at least one incident of resistance. Clashes between armed forces and the community were reported in Matoto, Conakry.
Snapshot 28 January – 3 February 2015
DRC: 30,000 refugees have fled CAR for Equateur province since December. In North Kivu, 18,000 new IDPs need humanitarian assistance; another 21,000 are in need in South Kivu. Nationwide, food security is worsening: over one-third of territories are in Crisis or Emergency phases.
The Government and partners are working together to further strengthen the country’s Ebola preparedness and address the gaps identified during the mid-January Ebola scare.
391,301 people were newly internally displaced during October-December 2014, the majority as a result of flooding.
Fourteen water trucks, up from 11 trucks two weeks ago, were requested to address water shortages in East Hararge, West Hararge and West Arsi zones of Oromia region.
Snapshot 21-27 January
Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks continue, with Borno state capital Maiduguri and nearby military bases targeted on 25 January. Security forces pushed BH back from Maiduguri, but further attacks are expected. BH also raided villages in Michika local government area, Adamawa state. There are reports that BH has forbidden the use of vehicles in areas under its control.
December 2014 marked the first anniversary of the South Sudan conflict as efforts to restore peace and stability in Africa’s newest State continue.
One year since thousands of South Sudanese mostly women and children fled to seek refuge in Ethiopia, and in particular in the Gambella Region, the Government of Ethiopia, UNHCR and partners have been responding to the refugee emergency amid challenges.
Flooding in many areas of Ethiopia prompts multi-agency humanitarian response
Food security mostly stable, some areas experience deterioration; malnutrition increases in areas of Somali and Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP) regions
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.
IOM has assisted a total of 184,656 refugees: 182,044 in Gambella and 2,612 in Benishangul‐Gumuz since the conflict broke out.
Since the last update, IOM has evacuated a total 20 refugees in Gambella Region.
The total number of refugees relocated in Gambella is significantly lower as refugees are preferring to stay at Matar station.
For months, South Sudanese refugees have waded through the flood waters at Leitchuor camp in Gambella, Ethiopia. Built on a floodplain, the camp has been submerged since the beginning of the rainy season. Despite being surrounded by the resource, there is still a desperate need for potable water. The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) is trying to fulfill this need by delivering 1 million liters of water to Leitchour and Tierkidi refugee camps every day, providing essential clean water to almost 100,000 South Sudanese refugees.
Snapshot 17 December – 6 January
Nigeria: A series of suspected Boko Haram attacks in Borno and neighbouring states have resulted in more than 80 deaths, 225 kidnapped, hundreds of homes burneds and thousands displaced.
Central African Republic: Nearly 200,000 people need nutrition assistance. Over 36,000 people are trapped in seven enclaves across the country; a group of 474 Fulani who fled to Yaloke months ago and now cannot leave are in particular need.
2014 Humanitarian Response Overview