Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Heavy rains starting in September 2014 caused flooding in Ethiopia's Afar, SNNP and Somali regions (OCHA, 20 Oct 2014). By 28 Oct, some 72,680 people had been affected and more than 50,000 people had been displaced, having partially or totally lost their homes and livelihoods. (OCHA, 28 Oct 2014)
By the end of 2014, 320,000 people had been displaced by flooding (OCHA, 2 Feb 2015).
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 1 - 8 April 2015
- Eastern Africa: Displaced Populations Report (Issue 17, 1 April - 30 September 2014)
- Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 17 Dec 2014 - 6 Jan 2015
- Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 14-20 January 2015
- Ethiopia: Humanitarian Snapshot (as of February 2015)
Increased rainfall in December improves production prospects in the Eastern Horn
Rainfall performance has been above average in most areas that are depend on the October to December “short rains” season, mostly over the Eastern Horn of Africa. This rainfall, which is attributable to the very strong and ongoing El Niño event, created favorable conditions for crop production.
The Humanitarian Requirements Document for 2015 has been endorsed and released. About 2.9 million people need emergency support until June 2015. From the total about 38 and 31 percent are from Oromia and Somali region which constitute 70 per-cent of the caseload..
For the 2014/2015 marketing season, WFP has signed contracts with 30 Purchase for Progress cooperative unions of Amhara, Oromiya and SNNPR regions for the delivery of 30,000mt of local maize.
According to the Humanitarian Requirement Document released in March, 2.9 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2015.
The food security situation has stabilized in most parts of the country in January 2015 with the completion of the Meher harvest season (November – January).
Resource shortfalls are reported for the second and third rounds relief food ration for 2015.
Seasonal rains started in most woredas. Assessment in the coming days will determine the impact of the rains on availability of water and pasture.
The Japanese Government donated US$11.8 million to assist South Sudanese refugees and host communities in Gambella region. UNHCR will receive $5.8 million, WFP $5 million and WHO $1 million.
February–May seasonal rainfall may be below average, causing households in Afar, Oromiya, and Somali regions to continue experiencing Crisis—IPC 3—levels of food insecurity through June*
The Government of Ethiopia (GoE) Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) 2015 appeals for $344.9 million to fund relief operations during 2015
The 2015 appeal calls for $386 million; with $41 million carry-over from 2014, the target is $344 million.
Funding prospects are bleak.
Commodity shortfalls are reported for the first round relief food ration for 2015.
Following the relocation of more than 48,000 South Sudanese refugees from Leitchuor camp,
Jewi, the new camp in Gambella region, will nearly reach full capacity. Additional camp sites are needed to accommodate new arrivals
WFP urgently requires USD 54 million for the next six months to meet the needs of all refugees in Kenya, Sudan and Uganda.
In Uganda, WFP will lift 50 percent ration cuts for refugees who arrived before June 2013 in April thanks to the receipt of new contributions.
Fears of renewed fighting in Upper Nile State, may result in an increased number of people crossing into neighboring countries in the coming weeks, particularly in Sudan.
WFP urgently requires USD 55 million for the next six months to meet the needs of all refugees in Kenya, Sudan and Uganda.
In Uganda, WFP is implementing 50 percent ration cuts for refugees who arrived before June 2013 in order to stretch available resources. Full rations will be restored in April thanks to the receipt of new contributions.
An estimated 2.9 million people will require food assistance in 2015.
The Government and humanitarian agencies are concerned over possible funding shortfalls in many critical sectors.
UNHCR needs an additional US$16.5 million to develop the new camp site in Gambella.
2015 humanitarian requirements officially released
The total number of South Sudanese refugees who have entered Ethiopia since the outbreak of the conflict in mid-December 2013 is now over 196,144 individuals, including 193,425 individuals who entered through the Gambella Region and 2,719 who entered through the Assosa Region.
DRMFSS/ENCU called on nutrition partners to start new or expand existing emergency nutrition interventions based on the newly released nutrition hotspot woreda list.
23,646 people in drought-affected Legahida and Salahad woredas of Nogob zone (Somali region) await water trucking support.
The Somali region WaSH Cluster is completing a rapid assessment to verify the reported acute water shortages in Deka Siftu woreda of Liben zone.
The Government and partners are working together to further strengthen the country’s Ebola preparedness and address the gaps identified during the mid-January Ebola scare.
391,301 people were newly internally displaced during October-December 2014, the majority as a result of flooding.
Fourteen water trucks, up from 11 trucks two weeks ago, were requested to address water shortages in East Hararge, West Hararge and West Arsi zones of Oromia region.
Flooding in many areas of Ethiopia prompts multi-agency humanitarian response
Food security mostly stable, some areas experience deterioration; malnutrition increases in areas of Somali and Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP) regions
IOM has assisted a total of 184,656 refugees: 182,044 in Gambella and 2,612 in Benishangul‐Gumuz since the conflict broke out.
Since the last update, IOM has evacuated a total 20 refugees in Gambella Region.
The total number of refugees relocated in Gambella is significantly lower as refugees are preferring to stay at Matar station.
2014 Humanitarian Response Overview
IOM has assisted a total of 184,031 refugees: 181,541 in Gambella and 2,599 in Benishangul‐Gumuz since the conflict broke out.
Since the last update, IOM has evacuated a total 3,504 refugees in Gambella Region.
There was no emergency evacuation and relocation activity in Benishangul Gumuz mainly because of security concern at the Yanbu’s corridor since mid - November.
Between 17 November (when the relocation started) and 6 December, UNHCR and IOM relocated 5,667 South Sudanese refugees from Matar way station to Pugnido camp.
Woredas in the lowlands of Oromia that did not receive enough rain to replenish water sources continue to report water shortages. During the week, six water trucks provided water to an estimated 59,542 people.
The total number of South Sudanese refugees who have entered Ethiopia since the outbreak of the conflict in mid-December 2013 is now over 193,938 individuals, comprising 191,369 individuals who entered through Gambella and 2,569 who entered through the Assosa region.
The average arrival rate of South Sudanese refugees to the Gambella region has remained low as the rainy season comes to an end.
• The joint Government of Ethiopia and partner’s humanitarian appeal has been released following the completion of joint assessments in the country. The number of relief food beneficiaries has increased to 3.2 million. This is significantly higher than the 2.7 million people projected at the beginning of the year and is mainly due to the poor 2014 belg/gu/ganna seasonal rain performances in the south and south eastern parts of Ethiopia.
Displacement increased by 1.4 million in region
The number of people displaced in the region has increased by 14 per cent in the last six months. By the end of September 2014, the total number of people displaced was 11,433,752 in Burundi, (eastern) Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Of the total displaced population, 2,467,547 are refugees while 8,966,205 are internally displaced persons (IDPs) and people severely affected by conflict.