Sudan: Floods - Jul 2014
In Sudan, heavy rains from July to September 2014 led to flash flooding, which affected more than 266,000 people in 13 states (OCHA, 9 Sep 2014). According to the Ministry of Health of Sudan (MoH), 39 people were killed and 204 injured. Widespread destruction was caused to people’s homes, crops and public infrastructure. The flood-affected population’s access to water supply and sanitation services were also disrupted. (IFRC, 3 April 2015)
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A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
In Sudan, heavy rains from July to September 2014 led to flash flooding, which affected more than 266,000 people in 13 states (Source: Humanitarian Aid Commission/OCHA, 9 September 2014).
According to the Ministry of Health of Sudan (MoH), 39 people were killed and 204 injured. Widespread destruction was caused to people’s homes, crops and public infrastructure. The flood-affected population’s access to water supply and sanitation services were also disrupted.
Throughout 2014, the regional office continued working in 15 countries in Eastern Africa and Indian Ocean Islands; Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Comoros, Seychelles, Mauritius, Rwanda and Burundi. The regional office supported the development of 6 emergency appeals and 15 DREFs in response to floods, disease outbreaks, terror attacks and population movement in Comoros, Madagascar, Seychelles, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda.
As of 31 January 2015, Sudan witnessed the arrival of over 120,401 South Sudanese (Source:
UNHCR and SRCS). The White Nile state has received to date 66,376 refugees. White Nile has seven camps from the initial four when the operation started. Most of the Sudanese fled mainly to White Nile state, others proceeded to Khartoum state while others took refuge in Blue Nile, South Kordofan, West Kordofan, and East Darfur states.
Médecins Sans Frontières-Belgium (MSF-B) announces full closure of its activities in Sudan, citing inability to access populations in need.
Unidentified militants injure one and kill three Sudanese aid workers with the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) in Blue Nile State.
Snapshot 28 January – 3 February 2015
DRC: 30,000 refugees have fled CAR for Equateur province since December. In North Kivu, 18,000 new IDPs need humanitarian assistance; another 21,000 are in need in South Kivu. Nationwide, food security is worsening: over one-third of territories are in Crisis or Emergency phases.
*120,401 South Sudanese have arrived to Sudan since 15th December 2013.
*this figure currently does not include a number of newly arrived South Sudanese known to be living with host communities. These statistics will be determined following individual registration in host communities.
91% Average percentage of female heads of household in sites in White Nile State (Al Alagaya, Jouri, Al Kashafa and El Redis).
71% Percentage of children living in sites in White Nile State.
Snapshot 21-27 January
Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks continue, with Borno state capital Maiduguri and nearby military bases targeted on 25 January. Security forces pushed BH back from Maiduguri, but further attacks are expected. BH also raided villages in Michika local government area, Adamawa state. There are reports that BH has forbidden the use of vehicles in areas under its control.
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.
Snapshot 17 December – 6 January
Nigeria: A series of suspected Boko Haram attacks in Borno and neighbouring states have resulted in more than 80 deaths, 225 kidnapped, hundreds of homes burneds and thousands displaced.
Central African Republic: Nearly 200,000 people need nutrition assistance. Over 36,000 people are trapped in seven enclaves across the country; a group of 474 Fulani who fled to Yaloke months ago and now cannot leave are in particular need.
Appeal Target: US$ 6,835,398 / € 5,257,998.
The 2015 Darfur Programme (DP) Appeal is the 12th annual appeal since the start of the collaboration between Caritas Internationalis (CI) and ACT Alliance (ACT) in 2004. Over these years the DP has been effectively responding to the humanitarian crisis that has crippled the Darfur region, leaving majority of the population living in poverty, many stripped of their homes and livelihoods assets.
Niger: 10,000 refugees arrived in Diffa region from Damasack, Nigeria. Most were fleeing forced recruitment by Boko Haram, and some unaccompanied children were reported. More than 105,000 people have arrived from Nigeria since May 2013, and the rate is increasing. The newly displaced are in a critical situation, and Diffa faces serious gaps in service provision.
Pakistan: Drought conditions in Sindh have affected nearly 1.7 million people; nearly 500 have died in Tharparkar, including 296 children. In FATA, the number of people displaced by the military’s operation Khyber One in the Tirah Valley has grown to 440,000 people, adding to 993,000 displaced by operations in North Waziristan.
Liberia: Two million children are thought to be affected by the consequences of the Ebola epidemic. High levels of unemployment are affecting income: 70% of households in a recent survey said they do not have enough money to afford food.
Snapshot 12–18 November
Ethiopia: Waters have begun to recede from Leitchuor refugee camp in Gambella, but few refugees have returned to the camps so far, where alarming rates of severe malnutrition persist: 5.7% in Leitchuor, 7.8% in Kule, and 10% in Tierkidi. In SNNPR, flooding was reported, while in Oromia, water trucking has begun for populations affected by drought.
Snapshot 29 October – 4 November
Yemen: As a government was agreed by Houthi and other opposition parties, the Southern Movement announced a merger to represent all southerners in the campaign for independence. Houthi insurgents attacked the Sunni opposition Al Islah party headquarters in Ibb, while Al Qaeda killed 18 Yemeni troops during an attack in Hudaydah.
DRC: A resurgence of ADF-NALU attacks in North Kivu are thought to have displaced 100,000 people, and killed at least 80. In South Kivu, there has been a significant increase in IDPs, mainly due to insecurity in Shabunda and Fizi territories. 7.3 million people across the country are estimated to be food insecure.
Ebola in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone: At 1 October, the total cumulative number of reported Ebola cases across the three countries had reached 7,470, including 3,431 deaths. However, the Centers for Disease Control estimates that only 40% of cases are being reported in Liberia and Sierra Leone. Social tensions and insecurity are growing. Many of the 3,700 children who have lost parents to Ebola are being rejected out of fear of infection.
Heavy rains and associated flooding affect more than 277,000 people across Sudan
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) signs agreement with the Government of Sudan (GoS) to resume operations in Sudan following a nine-month suspension
The U.S Government (USG) provides more than $287 million in FY 2014 to support humanitarian efforts across Sudan
On 22 September, the Sudanese Government lifted the suspension of ICRC activities in the country
Peace agreements have been signed between Beni Hussein and Abbala in North Darfur and the Ma’aliya and Hamar in West Kordofan
An estimated 34,000 returnees in Central Darfur’s Um Dukhun locality are in need of humanitarian assistance, according to community leaders
The number of South Sudanese refugees in Sudan has reached 96,600, according to UNHCR