Sudan: Floods - Jul 2014
In Sudan, heavy rains from July to September 2014 led to flash flooding, which affected more than 266,000 people in 13 states (OCHA, 9 Sep 2014). According to the Ministry of Health of Sudan (MoH), 39 people were killed and 204 injured. Widespread destruction was caused to people’s homes, crops and public infrastructure. The flood-affected population’s access to water supply and sanitation services were also disrupted. (IFRC, 3 April 2015)
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A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
In Sudan, heavy rains from July to September 2014 led to flash flooding, which affected more than 266,000 people in 13 states (Source: Humanitarian Aid Commission/OCHA, 9 September 2014).
According to the Ministry of Health of Sudan (MoH), 39 people were killed and 204 injured. Widespread destruction was caused to people’s homes, crops and public infrastructure. The flood-affected population’s access to water supply and sanitation services were also disrupted.
As of 31 January 2015, Sudan witnessed the arrival of over 120,401 South Sudanese (Source:
UNHCR and SRCS). The White Nile state has received to date 66,376 refugees. White Nile has seven camps from the initial four when the operation started. Most of the Sudanese fled mainly to White Nile state, others proceeded to Khartoum state while others took refuge in Blue Nile, South Kordofan, West Kordofan, and East Darfur states.
Médecins Sans Frontières-Belgium (MSF-B) announces full closure of its activities in Sudan, citing inability to access populations in need.
Unidentified militants injure one and kill three Sudanese aid workers with the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) in Blue Nile State.
*120,401 South Sudanese have arrived to Sudan since 15th December 2013.
*this figure currently does not include a number of newly arrived South Sudanese known to be living with host communities. These statistics will be determined following individual registration in host communities.
91% Average percentage of female heads of household in sites in White Nile State (Al Alagaya, Jouri, Al Kashafa and El Redis).
71% Percentage of children living in sites in White Nile State.
During the third quarter of 2014, the global cereal price index decreased by 13% year-on-year, down by 11% compared to the previous quarter.
Real prices of maize have fallen by almost a third since last year. They are down 18% from Q2-2014, reaching levels seen in early 2010.
Real prices of wheat dropped by 18% from Q2 to Q3-2014, falling to mid-2010 levels.
Real prices of rice are up 7% since Q2-2014.
Heavy rains and associated flooding affect more than 277,000 people across Sudan
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) signs agreement with the Government of Sudan (GoS) to resume operations in Sudan following a nine-month suspension
The U.S Government (USG) provides more than $287 million in FY 2014 to support humanitarian efforts across Sudan
On 22 September, the Sudanese Government lifted the suspension of ICRC activities in the country
Peace agreements have been signed between Beni Hussein and Abbala in North Darfur and the Ma’aliya and Hamar in West Kordofan
An estimated 34,000 returnees in Central Darfur’s Um Dukhun locality are in need of humanitarian assistance, according to community leaders
The number of South Sudanese refugees in Sudan has reached 96,600, according to UNHCR
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
An estimated 11,000 families (about 55,000 people) displaced in Adila, East Darfur, due to fighting between Ma’aliya and Rizeigat need aid, according to community leaders.
UNHAS starts regular flights to Korma, North Darfur, enabling humanitarian actors to reach an estimated 18,000 displaced people taking refuge near the UNAMID team site.
Over 700 hepatitis E cases reported in Blue Nile and South Kordofan states, according to WHO.
• Tensions remain high in Kalma camp in South Darfur as the Government mobilises more forces to conduct search operation in the camp where IDPs oppose the move.
• Over 277,000 people in Sudan have been affected by rains and flooding since late July 2014, according to HAC.
• The number of Sudanese migrants arriving in West and North Darfur after expulsion from Chad reduces, according to IOM.
• HAC in Blue Nile reports that inter-agency needs assessments will be allowed in six localities in the State.
In Kalma camp, South Darfur 336 cases of Hepatitis E were confirmed following laboratory tests in Khartoum.
Tensions remain high between displaced people and Government authorities in Kalma camp.
UNHCR supplies held at customs in Port Sudan have been released. These supplies will benefit more than 79,000 people.
SRCS appeals for $2.6 million to provide to assistance to over 223,000 people affected by floods in Sudan.
The International Committee of the Red Cross signed a revised country agreement with the Government of Sudan this week
The total number of flood-affected people who received assistance is estimated to be approximately 70 per cent of the affected
The number of food insecure people in Sudan is expected to decrease from 5.3 million to 3.7 million people by October – FEWS NET
ECHO’s €2 million donation will enable UNICEF to reach 100,000 severely malnourished children with high quality treatment
• Close to 257,000 people in Sudan have been affected by heavy rains and flooding that started in late July 2014, according to HAC and SRCS. About 70 per cent of the flood-affected people have received assistance.
• Blue Nile is the most affected state, accounting for almost 30 per cent of people affected by floods, according to HAC.
• WHO reports that 283 cases of diarrhoea amongst children under five years have been registered in three locations in North Darfur over the past few weeks.
Flood risk continues after heavy rains caused localized flooding across Sudan
Heavy rains since late July caused localized flooding injuring dozens and destroying thousands of homes in Khartoum, River Nile, North Darfur, West Darfur, Kassala and White Nile states.
• Over 171,000 people across 12 states in Sudan have been affected by heavy rains and floods that started in late July 2014, according to HAC.
• In El Fasher town, North Darfur, heavy rains destroyed 324 homes and damaged another 2,570, according to IOM.
• Fighting over resources left 64 people dead in Umm Rakoba, East Darfur.
• As of 13 August, some 93,500 South Sudanese refugees had arrived in Sudan, according to UNHCR
People in need of humanitarian aid in Sudan 6.9 million
This bulletin is being issued for information only and reflects the current situation and details available at this time. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is assessing the needs and gaps in the response to date to determine requirement for international resource mobilization. The Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) welcomes direct assistance to provide support to the affected population.
Over 126,000 people are estimated to have been affected by heavy rains and floods in Sudan, according to HAC and SRCS.
Heavy rains and flooding have also affected thousands of displaced people in the camps in West, North and Central Darfur, according to HAC and other aid agencies.
SKBNCU reports that 31,500 people were displaced in Rashad locality in South Kordofan since December 2013.
FEWS NET reports that there are 5.3 million food insecure people, or almost every seventh person in Sudan.