Solomon Islands: Flash Floods - Apr 2014
Heavy rain from a tropical depression, which later became Tropical Cyclone Ita, caused severe flooding in the Solomon Islands at the beginning of April 2014, killing 22 people and affecting and over 50,000. The worst affected area was the capital Honiara after the Mataniko River burst its banks on 3 Apr. Houses were washed away and infrastructure damaged, with an estimated 12,000 people affected. At the peak of the crisis, there were around 10,000 people displaced in nearly 30 evacuation centres in Honiara. By 12 May, 10 evacuation centres still housed 4,477 people. Over 9,000 households in Honiara, Guadalcanal and Isabel had lost 75 to 100 per cent of their food gardens. Drinking water remained a concern for an estimated 50 per cent of the 50,000 people affected. (OCHA, 12 May 2014)
The National Disaster Council endorsed the Humanitarian Action Plan (HAP) on 24 Apr, which requires US$13.6 million for three months. Priority areas are health, WASH, shelter, protection and food security.
As of 22 May, over 2,500 people remained in eight evacuation centres in Honiara. Flood-affected health facilities and schools were still in need of repair. (OCHA, 22 May 2014)
By 25 Jun, over 1,000 people remained in three evacuation centres in Honiara. A Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) grant totaling $1.8 million has been approved to support Health, Nutrition and WASH activities. A revision of the Humanitarian Action Plan focusing on early recovery is underway. (OCHA, 25 Jun 2014)
The total number of people reached through this operation exceeded the target that was set in the Emergency Appeal. In all, some 66,000 people were reached with water, sanitation and hygiene promotion, as well as health activities; 1,428 households received emergency shelter kits and 2,878 households received household kits. However it is recognized that there may be some overlap in the beneficiary figures. Beneficiaries (especially within evacuation centres) would have received water, sanitation and hygiene promotion activities, and also received either a household kits or emergency shelter kits. This scenario, coupled with the continual movement of people in flood affected communities and their very limited means to identify themselves, resulted in challenges for data recording. (IFRC Final Report, 9 July 2015)
Maps & Infographics
By Catherine Wilson
PAPAGU, Solomon Islands, Oct 23 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Three years ago, thousands of farmers living on the flat fertile plains of Guadalcanal, the largest island in this South Pacific nation, watched their homes and crops washed away by the strongest torrential rain and flooding they had ever seen.
Now the government is working on new legislation aimed at lowering the risks of that happening again, in part by merging efforts to adapt to climate change and reduce disaster risks in a bid to make development efforts more resilient.
Victims of Solomon Islands' worst flood disaster three years ago are still living in makeshift housing, without safe drinking water or electricity.
Read more on Radio New Zealand International
The Pacific region is frequently hit by natural disasters such as cyclones, floods, droughts and earthquakes. Pacific countries rank among the highest in the world in terms of numbers of casualties and people affected. The European Commission provides humanitarian assistance to the region both in terms of disaster preparedness and emergency relief when major disasters strike.
The ADB program in the Solomon Islands has provided loans, grants and technical assistance to grow the country’s economy and improve the lives of people, particularly the poor, women, children and other vulnerable groups.
Since Solomon Islands joined ADB in 1973, the country has received over $275 million in loans, grants, and technical assistance. With such a widely dispersed population, the transport sector is a key development priority for Solomon Islands.
Men, women, boys and girls face different risks and have different priorities and needs in humanitarian settings. Pacific women are also subject to pre-existing and systemic inequalities, which impede their ability to survive and recover from disasters. These include high levels of gender-based violence, barriers to women’s meaningful representation in decision-making forums, formal and informal obstacles to women’s access to productive resources and information, and deficiencies in essential service provision for vulnerable groups.
The Pacific Region had nine major emergencies between November 2013 and June 2014.The 2014 - 2015 cyclone season has been one of the most active in terms of the number and intensity of cyclones, as well as the length of season. A total of 9 cyclones were observed with five of these having significant humanitarian consequences.
The Asia Pacific zone (APZ) of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) comprises the zone office in Kuala Lumpur, four regional offices in Suva (Pacific), Bangkok (Southeast Asia), Delhi (South Asia) and Beijing (East Asia) and 12 country offices, adopting a “best-positioned” strategy to support the national societies (NSs) in the zone according to their needs. Through this decentralized management structure, the Asia Pacific zone office directs the work of the regional and country offices.
Beginning in 2011, WHO underwent a restructuring of its emergency work to align it with the ongoing reform of the global humanitarian system led by the Inter-agency Standing Committee (IASC). This report describes the emergency risk and crisis management work of the Organization in 2013 and 2014, in the wake of this restructuring, and provides examples of how its new policies and procedures guided the implementation of specific activities for risk management and emergency response.
It's been a year since flash flooding hit the Solomon Islands capital Honiara, killing 22 people and leaving 9,000 people homeless.
Gardens and livelihoods were destroyed and even today, the recovery process continues.
World Vision's Peter Weston says aid groups are now focusing on teaching locals how to prepare for a disaster.
Presenter: Liam Fox
Speaker: Peter Weston, World Vision quality manager in Solomon Islands
It's been almost a year since flash floods devastated Solomon Islands' capital city Honiara, but work is still going on to repair vital infrastructure like roads and bridges.
In some cases, transport managers have opted for quick fixes to traffic problems, as they wait for major development projects to begin later in the year.
This report aims to build understanding of the existing disaster risk financing and insurance (DRFI) tools in use in the Solomon Islands and to identify gaps where engagement could further develop financial resilience. It also aims to encourage peer exchange of regional knowledge, specifically by encouraging dialogue on past experiences, lessons learned, optimal use of these financial tools, and the effect these tools may have on the execution of post-disaster funds.
The Solomon Islands secretary for health says the new government has made a commitment to relocating the National Referral Hospital.
Read the full article on Radio New Zealand International
World Bank Country Director to meet with Government
HONIARA, January 29, 2014 – The Solomon Islands Government today signed agreements with the World Bank for a sustainable fisheries project, funding support for rural poverty alleviation and flood relief, as well as continued economic and fiscal reform.
World Bank Country Director for Timor-Leste, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific Islands, Franz Drees-Gross signed the agreements with Solomon Islands Minister of Finance Snyder Rini in Honiara.
The Solomon Islands cabinet says it is still considering a rehabilitation package for the 2014 April flood victims.
Read more on Radio New Zealand International.
Caritas aims to reduce the incidence and impact of poverty in Aotearoa New Zealand and around the world. There is no single solution to poverty and it can take many forms. Each response must be context-specific and often multifaceted. Caritas’ approach places people at the centre of development and seeks the good of every person and the whole person. It is community based, and recognises the importance of family and community in a person’s life.
For the children of Ghavaga Kindergarten in Guadalcanal Plains, having new sanitation facilities is a first step towards a healthy physical learning environment benefiting a child’s learning and health. Last week, some 75 children and their teacher’s received two toilets, with an additional four for their community.
“This is really a big achievement for the school and our little children as water and sanitation is one of our priority development plans for the school for the next three years,” said Alice Bunia, a kindy teacher at Ghavaga Kindergarten.