Yemen: Floods - Aug 2013
Torrential rains have triggered flash floods in several parts of Yemen. The storms and heavy rainfall began on 14 Aug 2013 and intensified for about one week, damaging homes and roads and inundating agricultural land. More than 23,500 people in eight governorates were affected and almost 40 killed. Those affected include around 12,000 IDPs in Al Mazraq near Haradh in the north, where heavy rains washed away more than half of the shelters in Camp 1 and Camp 3. (OCHA, 4 Sep 2013)
By 16 Sep, the number of affected people had reached 50,000 people as heavy rains and flooding continued in southern and central regions. Assessment and response activities are continuing in the flood-affected areas. Humanitarian agencies have so far assisted nearly half of the people affected.(OCHA, 16 Sep 2013)
By the beginning of October, the rains had reduced, and in the north, the early phase of the emergency had ended, including in IDP camps at Al Mazraq in Hajjah Governorate. But in the south, 18,000-20,000 people still required assistance after the water supply in Jayshan District of Abyan was damaged. (OCHA, 5 Oct 2013)
Persistent conflict and recent withdrawal of fuel subsidies continue to exacerbate Crisis-level food insecurity crisis
Persistent conflict continues to displace households in central areas of Yemen, disrupting livelihood strategies and reducing the ability for households to meet their basic food and non-food needs. In July, more than 10,000 people were displaced due to conflict.
Syria: Violence is ongoing across the country, with further government bombardments in the southeastern governorates of Damascus and Dara’a. To date, an estimated 2.5 million people have crossed into neighbouring countries, while 6.5 million are now internally displaced. In a separate development, the UN Security Council adopted a non-binding resolution to boost humanitarian access to Syria as increasing security incidents at the Turkish border threaten to compromise access to the north of the country.
In Syria, violence is ongoing with government bombardments on Aleppo and infighting between rival rebel factions in Deir-ez-Zor and Al-Hasakeh. Between 07-11 February, a temporary ceasefire in the city of Homs allowed for the evacuation of over 1,200 people and the entry of humanitarian convoys into the Old City for the first time in two years. To date, at least 242,000 people are trapped in besieged areas across the country. Meanwhile, the second round of the Geneva II peace talks began, with expectations regarding aid deliveries and the release of prisoners.
Snapshot 28 January – 04 February
South Sudan: Ethnic violence which erupted in mid-December in the capital Juba has now spread northwards and is ongoing in several parts of the country. Three weeks of fighting have left at least 1,000 people dead and displaced over 200,000. As government troops advanced on rebel-held cities in the northeast, peace talks between the Government of South Sudan and a delegation representing former Vice-President Machar, have started in Ethiopia. Meanwhile, discussions between Khartoum and Juba regarding the protection of the oil fields in southern South Sudan are also underway.
Despite of the slight improvement in the civil security situation that lead to an overall improvement in food consumption due to increased use of credit, acute food insecurity situation still high due to inadequate physical and financial access, extreme poverty, stressed livelihood, high level of indebtedness, political instability & internal conflicts in addition to huge loss in remittance.
Resurgence of armed tribal clashes since August 2013 has displaced thousands of civilians in the north.
Some 35,000 migrant Yemenis workers returned from Saudi Arabia in December 2013, averaging 1,000 – 15,00 people returning daily.
The ERF funded 12 projects during the fourth quarter of 2013 for a total amount of $3,748,878 million allocated to the Health, WASH, Protection, Food Security, Logistic WASH and Early Recovery Sectors.
In Syria, government military aircraft targeted rebel-held districts in the northern city of Aleppo, killing at least 15 people according to opposition activists. In parallel, Damascus announced that it had retaken control of the key Damascus – Homs supply highway after gaining ground in the battle for the strategic Qalamoun region. London and Washington decided to suspend all non-lethal assistance to the Syrian opposition fearing that military equipment may fall under the control of Islamic radical groups.
Snapshot 3 - 10 December
In Syria, the conflict has been going on for over 1,000 days, and to date, the war has displaced 6.5 million people internally and forced 2.3 million to cross into neighbouring countries. Meanwhile, Washington indicated that it has been in talks with Islamist opposition factions non-linked to Al-Qaeda, in order to push for a negotiated settlement to the crisis.
In Syria, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that an estimated 126,000 people have died during the conflict, more than a third of them civilians. Meanwhile, Turkey and Iran, which support opposing sides within the crisis, jointly called for a ceasefire before the beginning of the peace talks, set for 22 January in Geneva.
In Syria, government forces fully control the town of Qara after almost a week of heavy fighting which caused over 15,000 Syrian refugees to cross into Lebanon. Meanwhile, the UN stated that it has brokered an agreement allowing for the Government of Syria and opposition negotiators to meet for peace talks in Geneva on January 22. The opposition reaffirmed the conditions of its participation: the release of prisoners, humanitarian assistance for besieged towns, and the exclusion of President Assad from the new transitional government.
Snapshot 12 – 19 November
In October 2013, the Humanitarian Coordination allocated US$924,326 to three new projects. Two projects implemented by the NNGO Society for Humanitarian Solidarity (SHS) and the INGO ADRA respond to the needs of flood affected communities in the Al Jawf and Shabwah Governorates in the areas of WASH and Health. The third project is supporting the critical service of UNHAS (WFP) to continuously operate flights for humanitarian personnel from Sana’a to Sa’adah for six months. A total of 29 ERF projects have been approved from January to October 2013.
Snapshot 5 – 12 November
In Syria, the opposition agreed to participate in international peace talks in Geneva under the condition that President al-Assad is excluded from any transitional government, which constitutes a major obstacle to the initiation of the process as the Government stated it will not enter discussion if this demand is upheld. The peace dialogue has been repeatedly postponed and will not go ahead as planned in November. To date, the overall number of Syrian refugees is over 2.2 million and the number of people in need in the country stands at 9.3 million.
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
• In November, WFP plans to reach three million beneficiaries throughout Yemen, including 400,000 with cash transfers as part of the emergency safety net (ESN) programme.
II. SITUATION UPDATE
SHABWA, Nov. 4—While insecurity and militant violence in Shabwa governorate has made both local and international headlines, activists, local leaders and NGOs are criticizing a lack of attention being drawn to an ongoing humanitarian issues in the area.
Most recently, NGOs have had trouble entering the governorate—largely due to insecurity—to assist the estimated 200 people in the Arqah-Al-Husoon and Al-Muyasr villages in the Rudum district who have been without homes since August when heavy rains and flooding destroyed their houses.
Snapshot 29 October – 5 November
In Syria, the opposition remains divided over their participation to proposed peace talks in Geneva, with a decision being expected by 9 November. In Damascus, the Government repeated that it will not enter discussions if President al-Assad is forced to resign. While the overall number of Syrian refugees went over 2.2 million, revised estimates indicated that the number of people in need in Syria has increased from 6.8 million in April to 9.3 million in late October. An estimated 6.5 million are internally displaced.
IMPACT OF THE CRISIS
An estimated 14.7 million people – 58% of the population of Yemen – are affected by the humanitarian crisis and in need of some form of humanitarian assistance. Underdevelopment, poor governance, environmental stress, demographic pressure and continued political instability contribute to vulnerability.
In Syria, fighting has intensified in October with the Government gaining control of strategic areas around Damascus and south of Aleppo. Meanwhile, while the number of Syrian refugees has reached almost 2.2 million people, parties to the conflict and international actors are increasingly focused on the Geneva II conference scheduled to take place in November after having been postponed several times.