Chad: Floods - Aug 2012
Heavy rains in early August 2012 caused flooding in many parts of the country. In the Rig Rig district in the Kanem region, buildings, food stocks, and crops were damaged and 220 houses were destroyed. Around 3,000 people were in need of shelter. In the Sila region, more than 13,000 households were affected, and the flood blocked major humanitarian supply routes. In Guera, about 850 people were in need of emergency support. Floods were also reported in many areas of N’djamena, the capital. (OCHA, 19 Aug 2012)
By September, the floods had affected 466,000 people and killed 34. 96,000 houses were destroyed and 255,000 hectares of crops flooded. (OCHA, 24 Sep 2012)
After the end of the regular rains in September, more flooding occurred because of the rising of river levels in October and November, following strong rains in the south. The situation stabilized with the progressive subsiding of river waters in December and January. The majority of the affected populations returned to their homes. Overall, about 700,000 people were affected by the 2012 floods. (OCHA, 31 Jan 2013)
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This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 2013.
Period covered by this Final Report: 21 October 2012 to 15 June 2013;
Appeal target (current): CHF 775,716.
Appeal coverage: 58%;
· Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF 125,920 was initially allocated on 11 September, 2012 to support the National Society in delivering immediate assistance to 11,770 beneficiaries.
Good cereal availability due to ongoing harvests
The size of the harvests from this year’s agricultural season varies considerably from one region of the country to another. Harvests in southern and eastern areas are expected to be average to above-average. Meanwhile, below-average production levels are expected for the Wadi-Fira region, parts of northern Ouara, Kanem, Hadjer Lamis, northern Batha, and Bahr-El-Ghazel.
In Syria, fighting has intensified in October with the Government gaining control of strategic areas around Damascus and south of Aleppo. Meanwhile, while the number of Syrian refugees has reached almost 2.2 million people, parties to the conflict and international actors are increasingly focused on the Geneva II conference scheduled to take place in November after having been postponed several times.
The overall situation in the Sahel has improved since the food insecurity and acute malnutrition crisis in 2011/2012, with the majority of households across the region experiencing stable food security conditions in 2013, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). Nonetheless, pockets of food insecurity and acute malnutrition persisted during the year, and the U.N. estimated that approximately 11 million people throughout the Sahel remained food-insecure.
Snapshot 15 – 22 October
In Syria, conflict is of high intensity in Rural Damascus, Dar’a, Aleppo, Idleb, and Homs, and Damascus city has repeatedly been under fire from opposition mortar rounds. Clashes between rival opposition groups have spread, culminating in a bloody battle over the control of some northern Aleppo neighbourhoods. While Government forces have made gains in Rural Damascus, the opposition has won ground in Dar’a, with both sides renewing efforts to gain a firm upper hand before the proposed Geneva II peace talks in November.
Stable food security, localized Stress in the southwest
With the green harvest, normal milk availability, and income from farm labor, most of the population is able to meet basic food consumption needs and are facing Minimal food insecurity (IPC Phase 1).
In West Africa, the effects of last year's flood-related production shortfalls and civil insecurity in Nigeria continue to disrupt staple food and livestock markets. Staple food prices remained stable in the central basin in July as producers sold remaining stocks from above-average 2012 harvests. Cereal prices were stable or increased in most structurallydeficit areas as the lean season progressed. (Pages 3-5).
0 . MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
Following a thorough assessment of the proposals received, the proposed selection, based on compliance with our strategy and quality of proposals, implies a shift between the two budget lines. A reinforcement of the humanitarian budget line associated with a decrease of the food aid budget line is required. This is partly explained by the fact that a significant number of projects are multi-sectoral and can therefore not be considered under the food aid budget line.
The growing season is well-established in most of the Sudanian zone
Grain availability, access, and food consumption for poor households was bolstered the National Food Security Agency’s (ONASA) seasonally normal sales of subsidized grains in June. All regions of the country are currently experiencing Minimal/None (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity.
NEEDS REMAIN HIGH
Food security and nutrition in the Sahel have improved somewhat since the acute crisis in 2012, following better rains and harvests. However, the effects of the recent crisis are not so quickly erased.
Chad continues on its path towards stabilisation and sustainable recovery. Peace dividends such as an improved security environment and political stability have reinforced the country’s status as a host nation for people affected by conflict in neighbouring countries in a region marked by political turmoil.
La campagne agricole s’est bien installée dans la plupart de la zone soudanienne
La disponibilité céréalière au niveau des ménages pauvres est renforcée grâce à la vente normale des céréales à prix modéré par l’Office National de Sécurité Alimentaire (ONASA) en juin.
Cette vente a amélioré l’accès aux céréales et la consommation alimentaire des ménages, et tout le pays est actuellement en insécurité alimentaire aigüe Minimale (phase 1 de l’IPC 2.0).
· L'Union européenne augmente son aide pour les déplacés de Tissi au Tchad (RFI, 18/06/13)
· UNICEF intensifies emergency response for refugees in eastern Chad (UNICEF, 19/06/13)
· Chad: UNHCR Completes Relocation of Thousands of Darfur Refugees to Chad Camp (All Africa, 14/06/13)
· Preparing for floods in West Africa (IRIN, 14/06/13)
· World's poorest will feel brunt of climate change, warns World Bank (Guardian, 19/06/13)
· Life without education doesn’t make sense (CORD, 18/06/13)
UNOSAT 2012 mapping report shows more relief agencies rely on satellite analysis
24 April 2013, Geneva, Switzerland - UNOSAT released its annual Activity Report on its renown Humanitarian Rapid Mapping service. The report focuses on data and performance in the year 2012. Last year saw an increase in requests and delivery of UNOSAT Rapid Mapping services. A total of 35 humanitarian crisis interventions were supported by UNOSAT, primarily on requests received from UN OCHA, UNHCR, UNICEF and The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, OHCHR.
DAKAR/NIAMEY, 13 June 2013 (IRIN) - West African and Sahel countries are setting up measures to minimize flood damage as the annual rainy season approaches. The African Centre of Meteorological Applications for Development (ACMAD) in a seasonal weather outlook says near-average or above-average rainfall is likely over the western Sahel, which stretches across Mauritania, Senegal and western and central Niger.
0 . MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
Satisfactory food security situation for very poor households
• Due to the good 2012/2013 cereal harvest and good off-season crop production levels, very poor and poor households currently have above-average cereal stocks, enabling households to more easily meet their basic food needs. Households in all livelihood zones will experience Minimal/None (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity between now and the end of June.
Snapshot 27 May – 03 June
In Syria, the government military continued its offensive on opposition-controlled Qusayr, a strategic city in Homs province connecting the capital to the Mediterranean coast. Humanitarian agencies expressed alarm over the fate of thousands of civilians still trapped in the city. The UN estimates that over 6.8 million people are in need of humanitarian aid in Syria. While an estimated 5 million people are internally displaced, the number of Syrians registered or awaiting registration in host countries has surpassed 1.6 million.
La situation alimentaire des menages très pauvres reste globalement satisfaisante
• Le niveau actuel des stocks céréaliers des ménages pauvres et très pauvres est au-dessus d’une année normale grâce à la bonne production céréalière de 2012/2013 et aux bonnes récoltes de cultures de contre saison ; ce niveau de stock leur permet de couvrir les besoins alimentaires de base avec moins de difficultés. Les ménages de toutes les zones de moyens d’existence sont en Phase 1 de l’IPC 2.0 et y resteront jusqu'à juin.