Sudan: Floods - Jun 2012
Between June and October 2012, Sudan received received the highest recorded rainfall in six years. The accompanying floods affected 17 states and displaced more than 177,000 people. 49 deaths were reported. More than 16,000 houses were destroyed and and another 18,000 damaged. (IFRC, 31 May 2013)
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On February 10, 2014, the African Development Bank’s Resident Representative in Sudan, Abdul Kamara, led a mission to White Nile State to supervise the Emergency Assistance that is rehabilitating schools affected by floods. The mission was accompanied by an audiovisual profile team that seeks to profile AfDB-financed projects in the broader East Africa Region. The mission was received by State Commissioner Mohamed Ali Fadlala, responsible for Ed Deweim locality at the Directorate of Education in White Nile State.
BACKGROUND AND JUSTIFICATION FOR EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE
1.1 Background – The Flood Emergency Crisis
Two years after the secession of South Sudan, the internal displacement crisis in Sudan remains a cause for serious concern. Piecemeal efforts to end conflicts and pave the way for durable solutions have failed, and increased fighting, border disputes and inter-communal violence led to the displacement of around 400,000 people in the first five months of 2013. Figures for other causes of displacement are difficult to come by, but 2012 saw an estimated 84,000 people displaced by flooding.
In 2012, humanitarian needs in Sudan continued to be driven by a cycle of conflict, displacement and vulnerability. In the context of continued conflict and the protracted emergency in Darfur, as well as heavy fighting in Blue Nile and South Kordofan, humanitarian partners faced significant operational challenges limiting their access to affected people. In a climate of declining humanitarian funding, humanitarian partners had to pursue a constant drive for efficiency.
CHF 301,176 was allocated from the Federation’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 10 September 2012 to support the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) in delivering immediate assistance to 6,649 families in the flood affected areas in Sudan.
Following a national alert for flooding, SRCS, in coordination with IFRC, activated their contingency plan, and in agreement with other stakeholders, SRCS identified its response strategy. Assessments by various stakeholders indicated that up to 28,621 households were affected across 17 states.
This report covers the period 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2012
This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 2012
In Sudan, over 1.8 million children aged 6-13 years old are out of school.
• Over 1.8 million school age children (56% of them girls) between six and thirteen years of age in Sudan are out of school.
• More than 165,000 children have had their education disrupted due to conflict in Blue Nile, South Kordofan and Abyei.
• 79.6% of nomadic children are out of school and need special education that responds to their mobile lifestyle.
Thousands of South Sudanese families are stranded in Sudan’s capital Khartoum waiting for an opportunity to return home, but insecurity and lack of resources have been hampering efforts by humanitarian agencies to transport them safely back to their places of origin.
IOM, UNOCHA, UNHCR and UK government representatives have visited two open areas in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, where an estimated 40,000 South Sudanese are living in makeshift shelters, waiting to eventually return to South Sudan.
The sites are two of some 40 open areas occupied by South Sudanese in Khartoum and the mission found thousands of residents living in precarious conditions with limited food, water, healthcare and sanitation.
Measured improvements may be sustained from January through June in some areas
• Significant improvements in current food security outcomes have occurred, even as 12.9 million people remain in the Stressed (IPC Phase 2), Crisis (IPC Phase 3), and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of acute food insecurity.
This emergency operation for Sudan “Food Assistance to Vulnerable Populations Affected by Conflict and Natural Disasters” responds to the continuing complex humanitarian and food security situation, characterised by localised conflicts, protracted displacement and a deteriorating economy. Unresolved issues in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement have exacerbated economic instability and border conflicts and have led to ongoing internal and external displacement that has affected the livelihoods of millions of people in the affected areas.
In Darfur, approximately 3.5 million people currently receive food aid, including some 1.4 million in camps.
Some 56,000 people remain displaced mostly in Agok and South Sudan. Of 105,000 who ed in may 2011, some 35,000 returned quickly to areas south of the Bahr Al Arab/Kiir river, and 14,000 others returned to areas north of the river.
- MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
I/ First modification 20/07/2012
This HIP is being modified to take into account a deterioration of the humanitarian situation and increased humanitarian needs, both in Sudan and South Sudan.
• Cereal prices stabilized or fell in almost all monitored markets in North Darfur, attributed to the good rainy season and prospects of a good harvest. Livestock prices fell in some markets and fluctuated in others. Overall, the terms of trade between cereals and livestock has improved in many monitored markets.
• Exceptionally heavy rains and flooding in June 2012 caused heavy livestock losses in Malha locality.
Headlines • Cereal prices were stable or fell across West Darfur in anticipation of a good harvest after a favourable rainy season
• Livestock prices stabilized or increased slightly, although the price of meat in Geneina reached the same level as in Khartoum
• The limited availability of cash crops such as sesame and kerkadeh in many markets in West Darfur is unusual and deserves further investigation
• The price of fresh fruit and vegetables such as onions and tomatoes increased, a normal seasonal trend
Acute food insecurity likely to decline for most poor households from October to March.
October to March 2013 is anticipated to have a significant reduction in the food insecure population in East Africa from the exceptionally high level of acute food insecurity during the peak of the drought crisis in August 2011. An estimated 14.5 million people in Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Djibouti, and Rwanda, down from 16 million in September 2012, are in the Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) phases of acute food insecurity.
covering mixed migration events, trends and data for Djibouti, Eritrea/Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Puntland, Somalia, Somaliland and Yemen.
Outbreak of yellow fever in Darfur claims more than 100 lives to date
An outbreak of yellow fever in 22 localities in the Darfur region has resulted in 374 cases and 110 deaths as of midNovember, with a 29 percent fatality rate reported. The highest number of cases are reported in Central and West Darfur states with 67 percent and 17 percent of the total number of cases, respectively.