Somalia: Floods - Oct 2011
Heavy rains and flooding in southern Somalia starting in Oct 2011 displaced 1,000 households and impeded delivery of humanitarian aid (OCHA, 18 Oct 2011).
By the end of Dec 2011, the Deyr rains had subsided in many parts of the Lower and Middle Juba regions. However, flooding continued to affect many settlements along the Juba River. (OCHA, 21 Dec 2011)
This report was commissioned by UNHCR’s Shelter and Settlements Section (SSS).
It combines the findings of two separate evaluations undertaken in Somalia in the latter half of 2014:
1) Shelter response
2) Shelter cluster coordination
Somalia: a country in the grip of extreme violence and the most severe food crisis in 60 years.
It’s one of the worst places in the world to be a child. It’s also one of the most dangerous places to be an aid worker.
Here are the voices of some of the amazing people who are on the ground, saving lives.
Sonia Zambakides, Humanitarian Director
“We have the most incredible people. Some have worked for us for up to 20 years, through numerous government changes and insecurity, and for some this is the second food crisis.
L’insécurité alimentaire s’aggrave en Syrie et au Yémen, dans un climat de troubles civils
13 juin 2012, Rome - D'après le bulletin trimestriel de la FAO sur la production agricole et la sécurité alimentaire, les perspectives sont globalement bonnes pour la production céréalière mondiale, mais plusieurs régions devraient faire face aux conséquences des pluies insuffisantes, du climat rigoureux, des conflits armés et des déplacements de populations.
Gu season crop performance in Southern, Central, and Northern Somalia near average
This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 2011
In line with the aims of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies’ (IFRC) Strategy 2020, the Somali Red Crescent Society’s (SRCS’) 2011 support programme aims at contributing to saving lives, protecting livelihoods and strengthening recovery from disasters (drought) through scaling up health and nutrition services, rehabilitating water sources and distributing non-food items to drought affected populations.
An estimated 2.51 million people remain in crisis situation in Somalia, with 52% located in the South Central Region.
The nutrition situation in Mogadishu has improved, but remains unchanged in the rest of the country.
UNICEF report: despite recent improvements, outlook for the Horn of Africa increasingly worrisome
More than 8 million people need emergency assistance
NAIROBI, 11 April 2012 – The massive humanitarian response in the Horn of Africa in 2011 reversed the spread of famine and saved tens of thousands of children’s lives, but the outlook is increasingly worrisome, threatening the tentative gains achieved to date, according to a new UNICEF report.
About 2.51 million people are still in crisis in Somalia, according to FSNAU/FEWSNET analysis of April 2012. Approximately 52% are in the South, including Banadir.
This is an improvement from the severe food insecurity situation realized in 2011, when 4 million people were food insecure.
However, forecasts of insufficient rains in Somalia threaten to reverse gains made since last year. Nonetheless, preparations for Gu rains agricultural activities are on-going.
- Executive Summary
Nutrition Situation Overview
A significant scale-up of emergency response since September/October 2011, in combination with the off season harvest and the Deyr (October-December) 2011 harvest has had a significant impact on improving food access, acute malnutrition, and mortality levels in the southern Somali population. As a result, famine outcomes characterized by evidence of of all three of the following outcomes, based on the Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) version 2.0, are no longer existent in Southern Somalia:
- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1 KEY FINDINGS
FSNAU/FEWSNET announced the end of famine conditions in Southern Somalia on 3 February 2012, with 2.34 million people still in crisis. However, approximately 2.51 million people (33%of the population) are predicted to be in crisis in Somalia between February and June 2012, (FSNAU Technical Report, 2 March 2012).
The southern regions are hardest hit, hosting 70% (1.7 million) of people in crisis. The most critical needs are food, clean water, and shelter.
Middle Juba has been under Al Shabaab’s control since 2008 and the region was generally stable until January 2012 when Kenyan and Ethiopian forces and their TFG allies began to advance towards the region from the South and the West, respectively. Jilib district was repeatedly hit by airstrikes, resulting in civilian deaths and casualties.
The Middle Juba region is prone to frequent droughts and floods resulting in aid‐dependency, food shortages and diseases outbreaks.
Geneva/Nairobi (ICRC) – The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) regrets the decision of the Office for Supervising the Affairs of Foreign Agencies of the Harakat Al-Shabaab Al Mujahideen to terminate the agreement under which the ICRC was allowed to deliver emergency food aid in Al-Shabaab administered areas of Somalia. "Under the agreement, we provided more than 1.2 million people living in central and southern Somalia with one-month food rations between June and December 2011," said Daniel Duvillard, the ICRC's head of operations for East Africa.
While the famine situation has eased, approximately 2.34 million people (31%of the population) still need life-saving assistance in Somalia, according to FSNAU report of 3 February 2012.
1.7 million people (73 % of people in crisis) are in southern Somalia. They need food, clean water, shelter, and other assistance to survive.
Deyr 2011-12 Seasonal Assessment Coverage
Field Access and Field Data Locations
Assessment was entirely carried out via teleconferencing with enumerators and key informants due to insecurity
Main Livelihood Groups
Sources of Food and Income
Livelihood Groups & Main Sources of Food and Income
2 Pastoral Livelihoods (Southern Inland and DawoPastoralists)
Primary sources of income of poor: sale of livestock & livestock products
Primary sources of food of poor: purchase and own production
Primary livelihood assets of poor: camel, cattle and sheep/goat
In the last six months CARE has reached over 1.8 million affected people throughout the region /Long-term recovery efforts aim at building resilience to food insecurity
On July 20th, 2011, the United Nations declared a state of famine in two areas of southern Somalia: the Bakool agropastoral livelihood zones and all areas of Lower Shabelle. Subsequently, four more Somali areas have been declared as a famine. At that point, the whole region of the Horn of Africa was suffering from the worst drought in more than 60 years, affecting Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya.