Sudan: Floods - Aug 2011
Since early Aug 2011, floods were reported in North Darfur (OCHA, 25 Aug 2011), South Darfur (Radio Dabanga, 12 Aug 2011), West Darfur (Radio Dabanga, 4 Aug 2011), the Blue Nile (OCHA, 18 August 2011), Khartoum State (OCHA,11 August 2011) and in Northern Kordofan (Govt. Sudan,19 Aug 2011) resulting in the destruction of hundreds of houses and affecting more 16,000 people and at least 2000 deaths.
Humanitarian need in Sudan is driven by conflict, displacement and vulnerability . In 2012, humanitarian assistance will support up to 4.2 million people to ensure food security, access to basic services, shelter, and livelihoods opportunities.
AFTER THE SECESSION
Conflict and expected poor harvest likely to result in emergency levels of food insecurity
About four million people currently face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of food insecurity. Food insecurity is driven by conflict in Blue Nile, South Kordofan, Darfur, and Abeyi; ongoing lean season (May‐September) food shortages; poor rainfall in many areas of the country; and high food prices due to inflation and local currency devaluation.
• Fighting between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement – North (SPLM-N) forces continues to affect civilians in Blue Nile and South Kordofan states.
• UNHCR reports that an estimated 28,500 Sudanese refugees from Blue Nile State have entered Ethiopia.
• Sudan’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) reports that some 35,000 people remain displaced in various locations of South Kordofan State. This does not include SPLM-N areas.
• Fighting between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement - North (SPLM-N) continues in Blue Nile State and South Kordofan State, putting civilians at risk and causing further displacement.
• Humanitarian access in Blue Nile and South Kordofan states remains limited. Only national NGOs are currently able to operate in Blue Nile State, whilst only national NGOs and international NGOs operating through national staff maintain a presence in South Kordofan.
• In September, 3,640 households were supported with non-food items and emergency shelter from the NFI Common Pipeline in Darfur, of which approximately 51.76 % were IDPs requiring rainy replenishments, 42.5% were disaster-affected populations, 5.58% were newly displaced households and 0.16% were organized returnees. In total 19,736 items were distributed, including 2,855 jerry cans, 1,724 plastic sheets, 184 pieces of women’s clothing, 7,181 sleeping mats, 611 cooking sets and 7,181 blankets.
This report is produced by OCHA in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 03 - 10 October 2011. This will be the last OCHA Situation Report on Blue Nile and South Kordofan. OCHA will continue to report on Blue Nile and South Kordofan in its weekly Sudan Humanitarian Bulletins. If the situation changes dramatically and there is a need for more regular and more detailed reports on Blue Nile and South Kordofan, OCHA will resume these Situation Reports.
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
• Fighting continues between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement – North (SPLM-N) in both South Kordofan and Blue Nile states.
• 25,000 refugees from Blue Nile State reported to be in Ethiopia.
• Humanitarian access remains severely restricted for international organisations in these two states, but the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) continues to deliver humanitarian assistance in Government-held areas.
This report is produced by OCHA in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 24 September - 03 October 2011.
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
· Fighting continues between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement – North (SPLM-N) in both South Kordofan and Blue Nile State
· There are now reported to be over 25,000 refugees from Blue Nile State in Ethiopia
• Fighting has continued between the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) forces in both Blue Nile and South Kordofan states over the past week.
• The Government of Sudan continues to impose severe restrictions on international humanitarian organizations in these two states. Currently there is only one UN international humanitarian staff member in South Kordofan and none in Blue Nile State.
• No confirmation on the withdrawal of SAF and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) from Abyei.
• Fighting between the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) forces continues in both South Kordofan and Blue Nile states.
• More than 8,000 people displaced by the fighting in South Kordofan are reported to have arrived in South Sudan (Unity State) since July.
Heavy rains destroyed houses in various locations in North Darfur, listed below. Households verified by partners were provided with NFI & ES items from the Common Pipeline.
Response to people affected by flash floods in and around Agok is underway, but full impact remains difficult to determine due to impassable roads in the area.
The influx of people to South Sudan from Southern Kordofan in Sudan continues, with more than 8,000 people now having arrived.
A cattle raid in Unity on 10 September left dozens dead according to local authorities.
Public health concerns
Acute respiratory infections, bloody diarrhoea, clinical malaria remained the leading causes of morbidity in Darfur
This week, 19 suspected cases of acute jaundice syndrome (AJS) were reported from South and West Darfur (8 cases from South Darfur and 11 cases from West Darfur) compared to 32 cases reported in the previous week.
• Logistics Coordination Meeting – 21 September 2011:
WFP-Logistics Coordination Unit will convene a meeting on 21 September 2011, to discuss findings of the currently ongoing survey on customs export/transit procedures for humanitarian cargo by road, air, water and rail. For more information on the initiative kindly contact WFP-Logistics Coordination Unit on the following email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Fighting continues in Blue Nile State. According to the Sudanese Red Crescent Society, over 130,000 people were initially displaced as a result of the fighting, while the Humanitarian Aid Commission reports that about 80 per cent of these people have now returned to their homes. In addition to this number, some 20,000 people fled across the border into Ethiopia.
In South Kordofan, the Humanitarian Aid Commission has reported that some 8,000 people were newly displaced during the past week.
ABYEI ( 4 Sep .) - Difficult humanitarian conditions prevail in the region
Over 50,000 people have been left homeless by recent floods in Abyei region, residents told Radio Dabanga on Sunday.
Heavy rains during the past two days, followed by floods from areas north of Bahr el Ghazal have destroyed nearly all houses in Abyei. The city market in Abyei has been completely washed away along with the bridge that connects the east of the city to the west over the river.
More than 600 households have been affected by floods, including 7 schools which were partially destroyed and most of the latrines have been completely washed away in a North Darfur town.
Note: Map in 2 pages