Kenya: Floods - Aug 2011
Starting August 2011, heavy rains in northwestern Kenya caused several cases of flash flooding in the Kisumu East, Nyando, and Turkana districts. Around Kakuma, an estimated 60,000 people experienced flooding with water sources, latrines and homes damaged (UNICEF, 17 Aug 2011). As of 12 December ,Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) estimated at least 25 people had lost their lives in flood-related incidents and approximately 15,045 households (91,692 people) were displaced from their homes (IFRC, 12 Dec 2011).
Period covered by this Final Report: March 2011- July 2012
Appeal target (current): CHF 30,438,354
Appeal coverage: The IFRC mobilized 33 percent of the budget with support from Partner National Societies(PNS) while Kenya Red Cross Society raised 66 percent of the appeal budget through bilateral contributions which included funds raised through private sector, the African Union and through the “Kenyans for Kenya Initiative.” When these contributions are considered, the Appeal can be said to be fully funded.
Period covered by this Ops Update: March 2011- May 2012
Appeal target (current): CHF 30,438,354;
Appeal coverage: The IFRC Drought Appeal has been fully funded. The IFRC was able to mobilize 33% of the budget. With support from Partner National Societies (PNS), 66% of the appeal funds were raised. Kenya Red Cross Society also raised additional funds through Corporate donors, the African Union and through the “Kenyans for Kenya Initiative.”
UNICEF report: despite recent improvements, outlook for the Horn of Africa increasingly worrisome
More than 8 million people need emergency assistance
NAIROBI, 11 April 2012 – The massive humanitarian response in the Horn of Africa in 2011 reversed the spread of famine and saved tens of thousands of children’s lives, but the outlook is increasingly worrisome, threatening the tentative gains achieved to date, according to a new UNICEF report.
World Vision welcomes the news that the famine is easing in parts of Somalia. The United Nations has officially downgraded the situation in Bakaool, lower Shabelle and Bay. At the peak of the crisis, malnutrition was affecting 53 per cent of the population in some areas of Somalia; now, that figure has fallen below the famine threshold of 30 per cent. But although conditions have begun to improve in the Horn of Africa for some, challenges remain great for the families who live there and the aid workers trying to respond.
With the famine in Somalia sparking an increased flow of refugees into neighbouring Kenya, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is scaling up its programmes to help improve the living conditions in the northern part of the country.
CHF 300,003 has been allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Kenya Red Cross Society in delivering immediate assistance to some 3,500 households (21,000 beneficiaries). Unearmarked funds to repay DREF are encouraged.
Summary: The expected October-November- December (OND) short rains have so far been characterized by heavy rainfall and storms in various parts of North Eastern, Coast, Upper Eastern, North Rift, South Rift and Western regions of Kenya.
I HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
· The security situation in southern Somalia, northeastern Kenya and areas around the Kenya- Somalia border remains highly unstable.
· Access to the drought-affected population in the Juba regions of Somalia and northeastern parts of Kenya continues to be impeded by insecurity and heavy rains.
· 60 cholera cases have been reported in Dadaab refugee camp since August, with ten laboratory confirmed cases as of 4 November. According to UNHCR, despite the limited medical resources at the camp, the situation is currently manageable.
Between September 1 and November 4, insecurity and drought displaced approximately 65,000 people from central and southern Somalia, according to the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Of the total population displaced, 17,500 people were displaced from Mogadishu, with 14,000 people moving to other areas within Mogadishu and 3,500 people leaving the city.
I HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
Increased attacks on civilian and police targets have been reported in Kenya this week, as the Kenya military incursion in southern Somalia continues.
Humanitarian operations at Dadaab refugee camps and drought-affected areas of northeastern Kenya have been increasingly restricted, and in some cases halted, due to insecurity and damaged roads resulting from the ongoing heavy rains.
Two killed in church explosion in Garrisa as Kenya surges on in fight against Al-Shabaab militants
National Commission on Integration and Cohesion warns against xenophobic attacks on Kenyan Somalis
Food security set to improve in coming months as 3.75 million people remain dependant on relief aid
Prices for the staple maize decrease by 42 per cent in some areas; but high fuel prices remain a concern
Conflict in Isiolo far from over; tensions remain high
Heavy rainfall in Kenya’s northern districts is impacting negatively on humanitarian response to drought victims, but has also improved access to water and pasture. Heavy rains have led to delays in food aid distribution in Wajir, Garissa and Mandera because roads are impassable. Meanwhile, insecurity along the Kenya/Somalia border region continues to shrink humanitarian space, adversely affecting distribution of relief aid to hundreds of thousands of drought-affected Kenyans and hundreds of thousands of refugees in the Dadaab complex.
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
· Tensions remain high in the region as Kenyan troops advance further in Somalia in pursuit of Al-Shabaab militants.
· Non-essential humanitarian operations in Dadaab refugee camp have been temporarily suspended due to insecurity in the area.
· Heavy rains continue to be received in the region, rendering some roads impassable but positively impacting on water recharging and pasture regeneration in drought-affected areas.
· Humanitarian actors in Djibouti are rolling out more clusters, enhancing coordination in the country.
A recount of applicants for refugee status in Dadaab has found large numbers attempting double registration. The apparent large backlog in applications for registration has been adjusted from 40,000 to 1,909. The average daily arrival rate for the past week was about 1,100 people per day.
Deteriorating security situation along Somali border and around Dadaab; a vehicle belonging to an international NGO has been hijacked in Hagadera camp.