Kenya: Floods - Aug 2011
Starting August 2011, heavy rains in northwestern Kenya caused several cases of flash flooding in the Kisumu East, Nyando, and Turkana districts. Around Kakuma, an estimated 60,000 people experienced flooding with water sources, latrines and homes damaged (UNICEF, 17 Aug 2011). As of 12 December ,Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) estimated at least 25 people had lost their lives in flood-related incidents and approximately 15,045 households (91,692 people) were displaced from their homes (IFRC, 12 Dec 2011).
Kenya Food Security Steering Group (KFSSG)
1.0 Executive Summary
1.1 Scope of the October-December, 2011 short rains food security assessments
1.1 District Background
Located in the western side of Nyanza province, Kisumu west district covers an approximated area of about 360.8 km2 with an estimated population of about 149,831 people. The district has 2 divisions, 8 locations and 37 sub-locations. The divisions are Maseno and Kombewa. There are about 25,000 farm families.
1.1 District Background,
Bunyala District was curved out of larger Busia in 2007. The District borders Samia to the North, Siaya to the East, Bondo to the South and Lake Victoria to the west.
Total area- 185sq KM
No. Of divisions -1
Sub locations -18
Extension units- 18
Farm families- 8668
Total staff strength by cadre(14) –
Area under cultivation- 6500 HA
(Nairobi/New York, 15 December 2011): The United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, Mr Aeneas Chuma, together with Mr. Mohammed Elmi, the Minister for Northern Kenya and Other Arid Lands, the Assistant Minister of State for Special Programmes; Mr.
1.1 Weather Review in November 2011
• Highly enhanced rainfall was recorded over most parts of the country during November 2011.
• The rainfall was especially highly enhanced over the Northeastern, Northwestern, western Kenya and parts of central Highlands including Nairobi. Most Meteorological Stations in these areas recorded more than 125 percent of their Long-Term Means (LTMs) for the month.
• However, a few stations along the Coastal strip recorded depressed rainfall (< 75% of the LTMs). 1.2 The forecast for December 2011
Ref N: KMD/FCST/4-2011/MO/11
1.1 Weather Review in October 2011
• The onset of the October-November-December (OND) 2011 short-rains season was characterized by heavy rainfall storms in various parts of Northeastern and the Coast regions. The heavy rainfall resulted into serious flooding and destruction of infrastructure in the areas. Heavy rainfall also occurred in some parts of central highlands while the western sector of the country experienced lowkey rainfall for most of the month.
- The early onset to the 2011 short‐rains season has been a respite for drought‐hit pastoral and marginal farm households who have experienced two to three successive failed seasons. Nevertheless, high levels of food insecurity remain for poor and very poor households with non‐self‐supporting livelihoods who attempt to meet substantial food gaps largely through destructive coping strategies and accessing aid interventions. An estimated 3.75 million people constitute the food insecure population in rural areas
Ref No: KMD/FCST/5-2011/SO/03
Performance of the 2011 “Long Rains” (March-April-May) season
Most parts of the country, especially the Northern, North-eastern Kenya and the Coastal Strip recorded highly depressed rainfall during March-April-May 2011 “Long-Rains” Season. This resulted into drought that had severe impacts on Agriculture and Livestock sectors, which in turn led to famine and loss of livestock.
Performance of the June-July-August 2011 rainfall and temperature
As various regions of the country continue to report increased rain resulting in floods, the Government has prepositioned relief material to help deal with the situation. So far, reports indicate that the floods have displaced some people in Turkana and washed away IDP resettlements in parts of Nyahururu, Naivasha and Gilgil. Similar floods are likely to occur in areas which have hitherto been experiencing drought that results to distribution of relief food. As Government, we have resolved to continue which our food distribution programmes and indeed enhance distribution in some counties.
Given the severity of current and projected food insecurity in the eastern Horn of Africa, FEWS NET began in July 2011 to release food security reports for Kenya every ten days. The objective of this enhanced monitoring and reporting is to ensure that new information is incorporated into analysis and shared as rapidly as possible in order to inform decision‐making related to humanitarian assistance.
Current food security outcomes and classification
Ref N: KMD/FCST/4-2011/MO/09
1.1 Weather Review in August 2011
Current food security outcomes and classification
• Results from the national long rains assessment indicate that the total food insecure population in Kenya is 3.7 million people. An estimated 1.4 million people are at Emergency levels (IPC Phase 4) and are unable to meet basic needs because their livelihoods can no longer support household food security. An additional 2.0 million pastoralists and marginal agricultural farmers are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), and 300,000 people are Stressed (IPC Phase 2).