Kenya: Floods - Aug 2011
Starting August 2011, heavy rains in northwestern Kenya caused several cases of flash flooding in the Kisumu East, Nyando, and Turkana districts. Around Kakuma, an estimated 60,000 people experienced flooding with water sources, latrines and homes damaged (UNICEF, 17 Aug 2011). As of 12 December ,Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) estimated at least 25 people had lost their lives in flood-related incidents and approximately 15,045 households (91,692 people) were displaced from their homes (IFRC, 12 Dec 2011).
Period covered by this Ops Update: March 2011- May 2012
Appeal target (current): CHF 30,438,354;
Appeal coverage: The IFRC Drought Appeal has been fully funded. The IFRC was able to mobilize 33% of the budget. With support from Partner National Societies (PNS), 66% of the appeal funds were raised. Kenya Red Cross Society also raised additional funds through Corporate donors, the African Union and through the “Kenyans for Kenya Initiative.”
UNICEF report: despite recent improvements, outlook for the Horn of Africa increasingly worrisome
More than 8 million people need emergency assistance
NAIROBI, 11 April 2012 – The massive humanitarian response in the Horn of Africa in 2011 reversed the spread of famine and saved tens of thousands of children’s lives, but the outlook is increasingly worrisome, threatening the tentative gains achieved to date, according to a new UNICEF report.
In the last six months CARE has reached over 1.8 million affected people throughout the region /Long-term recovery efforts aim at building resilience to food insecurity
On July 20th, 2011, the United Nations declared a state of famine in two areas of southern Somalia: the Bakool agropastoral livelihood zones and all areas of Lower Shabelle. Subsequently, four more Somali areas have been declared as a famine. At that point, the whole region of the Horn of Africa was suffering from the worst drought in more than 60 years, affecting Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya.
By Ellie Matthews
In East Africa, continued difficulties accessing food – coupled with recent flooding and conflict in the region – have made life hard for many people. While working with communities in East Africa to improve their long-term resilience to food insecurity, the Red Cross is also providing immediate relief to thousands of vulnerable people in refugee camps.
Six months on from the launch of our East Africa Food Crisis Appeal, the generosity of our donors has helped the Red Cross provide urgent relief to hundreds of thousands of vulnerable, malnourished people.
When several areas of Somalia where in a state of famine, the Red Cross provided healthcare, food, water and therapeutic feeding programmes. Through the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Somali Red Crescent, British Red Cross funds were able to reach areas of Somalia off-limits to many other agencies.
On December 29, unidentified assailants killed a refugee leader of the Community Peace and Security Team (CPST) at the Hagadera camp in the Dadaab refugee camp complex in Kenya. Assailants killed another CPST refugee leader at the Ifo camp in Dadaab on January 1, 2012. Humanitarian operations in Dadaab remain limited to the provision of essential services, according to the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
· Three aid workers on a monitoring mission in Mataban, Hirran Province, Somalia died when a gunman opened fire on 23 December.
· Latest reports from UNICEF and KRCS indicate that flood waters in Kenya are subsiding, with most displaced communities returning to their homes.
· Inter-communal conflict in Moyale leaves 37 people dead, thousands displaced.
· Two grenades thrown at a club in Wajir district in north-eastern Kenya near the Somali border wounded at least seven people on 24 December.
NAIROB I, 30 December 2011 (IRIN) - Severe drought, [ http://www.irinnews.org/report.aspx?ReportId=93426 ] exacerbated by poverty and conflict, hit at least four countries in 2011 - Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia - displacing hundreds of thousands of people.
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World Vision welcomes the news that the famine is easing in parts of Somalia. The United Nations has officially downgraded the situation in Bakaool, lower Shabelle and Bay. At the peak of the crisis, malnutrition was affecting 53 per cent of the population in some areas of Somalia; now, that figure has fallen below the famine threshold of 30 per cent. But although conditions have begun to improve in the Horn of Africa for some, challenges remain great for the families who live there and the aid workers trying to respond.
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
· Tensions remain high in North Eastern Province of Kenya following a series of explosive attacks targeting military and police convoys in the area.
· Aid workers have further reduced operations in the Dadaab refugee camps following heightened insecurity.
· WHO has called on health partners to intensify cholera preventative activities in Mogadishu following an increase in cases.
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
· Heavy rains have subsided this week in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia, but humanitarian operations continue to be impeded by the damage to infrastructure caused by the heavy rains in previous weeks, as well as persistent insecurity.
· The World Health Organization has issued an alert over an increased risk of water-borne diseases following the recent heavy rains and flooding in the region.
With the famine in Somalia sparking an increased flow of refugees into neighbouring Kenya, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is scaling up its programmes to help improve the living conditions in the northern part of the country.
Due to ongoing insecurity at the Dadaab refugee camp complex and surrounding areas in northeastern Kenya, humanitarian operations at Dadaab remain limited to the provision of essential services, including food distributions and nutrition, health, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities. On December 6, an explosion at Dadaab‘s Ifo 2 camp resulted in the death of one Kenyan police officer and injured three others, according to the Kenyan Red Cross Society. The officers were escorting U.N. officials to the camp at the time of the attack.
I HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
· More than 80,000 people have been affected by flooding in Kenya. The Kenya Meteorological
Department forecasts heavy rainfall and risk of more flooding for December.
· Heavy rains and insecurity continue to hamper humanitarian operations in Kenya and Somalia.
· The Kenyan parliament this week approved the African Union request for the Kenya Defence Forces to join the African Union Mission in Somalia.
· The Somalia and Kenya 2012 Consolidated Appeals will be launched in Nairobi on 13 and 15 December respectively.
ACTED News, information that cares
Every month for the last eight years, ACTED has been offering an overview of its activities in each of its fields of intervention through the ACTED Newsletter. Over each issue, this magazine has been beefing up to offer information on operations, our sectors of intervention on the ground, or, more recently, on our campaigns and advocacy initiatives in Europe with our various partners.
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This update provides information on the protection environment in Somalia, including apparent violations of international Human Rights and Humanitarian Law as reported during the last two weeks through the IASC Somalia Protection Cluster monitoring systems. Incidents mentioned in this report are not exhaustive. They are intended to highlight credible reports in order to inform and prompt programming and advocacy initiatives by the humanitarian community and national authorities.