Kenya: Floods - Aug 2011
Starting August 2011, heavy rains in northwestern Kenya caused several cases of flash flooding in the Kisumu East, Nyando, and Turkana districts. Around Kakuma, an estimated 60,000 people experienced flooding with water sources, latrines and homes damaged (UNICEF, 17 Aug 2011). As of 12 December ,Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) estimated at least 25 people had lost their lives in flood-related incidents and approximately 15,045 households (91,692 people) were displaced from their homes (IFRC, 12 Dec 2011).
Summary: CHF 300,003 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 12 December 2011, to support the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) in delivering assistance to some 3,500 households (21,000 beneficiaries) affected by floods.
Period covered by this Final Report: March 2011- July 2012
Appeal target (current): CHF 30,438,354
Appeal coverage: The IFRC mobilized 33 percent of the budget with support from Partner National Societies(PNS) while Kenya Red Cross Society raised 66 percent of the appeal budget through bilateral contributions which included funds raised through private sector, the African Union and through the “Kenyans for Kenya Initiative.” When these contributions are considered, the Appeal can be said to be fully funded.
Period covered by this Ops Update: March 2011- May 2012
Appeal target (current): CHF 30,438,354;
Appeal coverage: The IFRC Drought Appeal has been fully funded. The IFRC was able to mobilize 33% of the budget. With support from Partner National Societies (PNS), 66% of the appeal funds were raised. Kenya Red Cross Society also raised additional funds through Corporate donors, the African Union and through the “Kenyans for Kenya Initiative.”
UNICEF report: despite recent improvements, outlook for the Horn of Africa increasingly worrisome
More than 8 million people need emergency assistance
NAIROBI, 11 April 2012 – The massive humanitarian response in the Horn of Africa in 2011 reversed the spread of famine and saved tens of thousands of children’s lives, but the outlook is increasingly worrisome, threatening the tentative gains achieved to date, according to a new UNICEF report.
Kenya Food Security Steering Group (KFSSG)
1.0 Executive Summary
1.1 Scope of the October-December, 2011 short rains food security assessments
In the last six months CARE has reached over 1.8 million affected people throughout the region /Long-term recovery efforts aim at building resilience to food insecurity
On July 20th, 2011, the United Nations declared a state of famine in two areas of southern Somalia: the Bakool agropastoral livelihood zones and all areas of Lower Shabelle. Subsequently, four more Somali areas have been declared as a famine. At that point, the whole region of the Horn of Africa was suffering from the worst drought in more than 60 years, affecting Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya.
By Ellie Matthews
In East Africa, continued difficulties accessing food – coupled with recent flooding and conflict in the region – have made life hard for many people. While working with communities in East Africa to improve their long-term resilience to food insecurity, the Red Cross is also providing immediate relief to thousands of vulnerable people in refugee camps.
Six months on from the launch of our East Africa Food Crisis Appeal, the generosity of our donors has helped the Red Cross provide urgent relief to hundreds of thousands of vulnerable, malnourished people.
When several areas of Somalia where in a state of famine, the Red Cross provided healthcare, food, water and therapeutic feeding programmes. Through the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Somali Red Crescent, British Red Cross funds were able to reach areas of Somalia off-limits to many other agencies.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Above-average production forecast for 2011/12 “short-rains” maize crop
Improved food security situation observed in drought-hit northern agro-pastoralist areas and in marginal cropping lowlands
Price of maize show an unusual increase in main markets following heavy rains
On December 29, unidentified assailants killed a refugee leader of the Community Peace and Security Team (CPST) at the Hagadera camp in the Dadaab refugee camp complex in Kenya. Assailants killed another CPST refugee leader at the Ifo camp in Dadaab on January 1, 2012. Humanitarian operations in Dadaab remain limited to the provision of essential services, according to the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
· Three aid workers on a monitoring mission in Mataban, Hirran Province, Somalia died when a gunman opened fire on 23 December.
· Latest reports from UNICEF and KRCS indicate that flood waters in Kenya are subsiding, with most displaced communities returning to their homes.
· Inter-communal conflict in Moyale leaves 37 people dead, thousands displaced.
· Two grenades thrown at a club in Wajir district in north-eastern Kenya near the Somali border wounded at least seven people on 24 December.
NAIROB I, 30 December 2011 (IRIN) - Severe drought, [ http://www.irinnews.org/report.aspx?ReportId=93426 ] exacerbated by poverty and conflict, hit at least four countries in 2011 - Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia - displacing hundreds of thousands of people.
Note: Map in 2 pages
· Security incidents in north-eastern Kenya affect refugee and other operations.
· Malnutrition rates decrease in Turkana but remain high in Mandera.
· Floods affect more than 80,000 people across Kenya and undermine food security recovery.
· Government, United Nations and partners seek US$764 million to tackle emergency and resilience efforts in 2012.
World Vision welcomes the news that the famine is easing in parts of Somalia. The United Nations has officially downgraded the situation in Bakaool, lower Shabelle and Bay. At the peak of the crisis, malnutrition was affecting 53 per cent of the population in some areas of Somalia; now, that figure has fallen below the famine threshold of 30 per cent. But although conditions have begun to improve in the Horn of Africa for some, challenges remain great for the families who live there and the aid workers trying to respond.
Reporting period: 08 to 14 December 2011