Sudan: Floods - Jul 2010
Sudan experienced heavy rainfall during the first week of July 2010 which increased in intensity, causing floods that affected an estimated 10,271 families in Jonglei, Lakes, Warrap, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, Central Equatorial and Upper Nile States by early September 2010. (IFRC, 31 July 2011)
Period covered by this Final Report: 25 October 2010 – 31 March 2011
Appeal target (current): CHF 2,318,437
Appeal coverage: 24% (9% excluding DREF)
• This Emergency Appeal was launched on 25 October 2010 for CHF 2,318,438 in cash, kind, or services to support the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) to assist 51,354 people (10,271 households or families) for six months.
• CHF 346,944 was initially allocated from the Federation’s DREF to support the National Society to respond
Note: Map in 4 pages
Note: Map in 3 pages
Guendy Valley, South Darfur ( 5 Jul .) - The important Autumn rains caused the valley of Guendy, Dorae area (South-West of Kas, South-Darfur) to overflow, inundating over 700 acres of land and destroying the seeds that were planted this season. UNAMID and the government, whom the population called for help, are currently trying to stop the flow by deepening the river with the help of drilling machines.
The high levels of cereal and livestock prices have a negative effect on access to food for poor households, exacerbating their food insecurity situation. Nominal wheat price has reached or exceeded the highest levels observed in 2008.
In North Sudan some 4 million people are estimated to be food insecure while in South Sudan, people in need of food assistance range between 1.4 to 2.7 million depending on post-referendum developments.
This report covers the period 01/01/2010 to 31/12/201
Programme outcome: In line with Strategy 2020 strategic aims, the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) aims to reduce the risks and vulnerabilities faced by communities; improve the quality of life among the most vulnerable groups; further develop and strengthen internal capacity towards becoming a well-functioning National Society; promote humanitarian principles and values; and enhance cooperation and partnerships with government authorities, NGOs and Red Cross and Red Crescent partners.
Urban flooding is an increasingly important issue. Disaster statistics appear to show flood events are becoming more frequent, with medium-scale events increasing fastest. The impact of flooding is driven by a combination of natural and human-induced factors.
Summary: The rains predicted in Sudan by the State Metrological Authority started in the first week of July 2010, and gradually intensified, causing destruction to property and infrastructure as a result of floods. The flood situation was exacerbated by heavy downpours in Eritrea and the Ethiopian plateau, which feed into Sudan's rivers. The resulting increased water levels burst river banks, sweeping away surrounding land and submerging nearby farming land and settlements.
Heightened violence in Darfur and large influx of returnees to southern Sudan pose concerns
- The good 2010/11 harvest has improved food security conditions in Sudan. However, increased fighting between Darfur rebels and Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF), the high number of returnees to southern Sudan following the referendum, and new economic reform policies threaten the recent food security improvements.
- In northern Sudan, food insecurity is concentrated in Darfur, Red Sea, North Kordofan, White Nile, Blue Nile, and South Kordofan states.
Civil unrest in Khor Abeche in South Darfur, and also in Dar El Salam and Shangil Tobai in North Darfur, caused displacements to Shangil Tobai, Zam Zam, and Dar El Salam, and Tangarara during the second half of December 2010 and January 2011.
Fighting in Tabit and neighboring locations in North Darfur continued in the first half of February causing displacements from Tabit, Sheria, and Negaia to Dar El Salaam; from Tabit and Shangil Tobai to Zam Zam IDP camp and from Tabit, Tukamari to Tawilla.
- For the week ending 17 February, the ADRA-IOM team in Kosti reported tracking a total of 1,355 individuals (288 households) passing through the transit hub. Main destinations were in Upper Nile (38%), Central Equatoria (21%) and Eastern Equatoria (12%), with the remainder heading elsewhere in relatively small numbers.
- Nearly 99 percent of the 3.8 million people who voted in the January 9 to 15 referendum on self-determination for Southern Sudan voted for independence, according to the Southern Sudan Referendum Commission. On February 7, the Government of Sudan (GoS) accepted the results by presidential decree.
The findings of the 2010/11 Annual Needs and Livelihood Analysis (ANLA) indicate an improvement in food security compared to 2009. About 9.7% of the population will be severely food insecure compared to 21% in 2009. This severely food insecure is the segment of the population that is generally unable to meet their food and non-food needs from April onwards and would require unconditional humanitarian food and non-food transfers.
- January 2011, reported distributions by Cluster partners in South Sudan supported total of 7,633 government-assisted returnee households, flood affected households, and kalazar patients, with essential non-food items (NFIs) and emergency shelter (ES).
- Through CHF 2011, NFI & ES Cluster partners will receive US$3.8 million for procurement of loose items as well as transport/warehouse/distribution of NFIs in high risk states.
- NFI & ES Cluster partner training is planned in Aweil, NBeG in February, 2011.
The Japanese government has committed a total of US$37.9 million in funding for 2011 to support IOM humanitarian services for migrants, migrant producing regions, host communities, returnees and internally displaced people.
The funded projects, in Afghanistan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tajikistan and Tanzania, will also provide technical support to increase government capacity to manage increasingly complex migration flows as well as coping with displacement due to natural disasters.
In Sudan, funds will be used to assist communities in the Southern …
Referendum and new economic reform policies to negatively impact food security during 2011
- Cereal harvests were higher than average and nearly double those of 2009/10. However, an estimated 4 million people in Northern Sudan will remain moderate/highly food insecure during 2011 including people affected by the recent conflict in Darfur and returnees to south Sudan stranded in South Kordofan and White Nile states.
- In the north, the withdrawal subsidies and creation of additional taxes have led to 20-30 percent increases in essential food and non food commodity prices.
- From 21-27 January, the ADRA-IOM team in Kosti reported a total of 2,057 individuals (403 households) passing through the transit hub in spontaneous movements, representing a 13% increase compared to last week. Main southern destinations were in Upper Nile (59%) and river ports along the Nile (14%), with the Protocol Areas (11%) of Southern Kordofan and Abyei showing continued strength.
- During the reporting week, the ADRA-IOM team also tracked a total of 569 individuals in governmentorganized returns, representing a drop of almost 90% over the previous period.
In the last quarter of 2010, the focus in Sudan was primarily on preparations for the historic referendum on the status of southern Sudan, with voting scheduled to take place from 9 to 15 January 2011.
While every effort is being made to ensure that the referendum takes places peacefully and that the outcome is respected, it is widely acknowledged that the referendum could contribute to inter-communal tensions in Sudan, with potentially serious consequences for the humanitarian situation.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- In Northern and Southern Sudan, production of the 2010 main season's cereal crop is estimated to be well-above average
- Food security generally improves, although the number of food vulnerable people in Southern Sudan may vary depending on how civil security conditions develop during the post-referendum period
- In the North, sorghum and wheat prices show diverging trends
- In the South, food supplies may decrease in local markets if trade flows are disrupted by renewed civil insecurity situations following the referendum