Ethiopia: Floods - Jul 2010
The ERCS branches located in North-East of the country reported over 4,000 families affected by floods, out of which 2,221 are displaced and temporarily sheltered at public school buildings. Over 3,206 families reported to be affected by floods and 1,565 displaced in Amhara region. Reports indicated over 800 families affected and displaced by floods in Afar region. The total number of affected families reported from the field is 9,000. However, the number of affected people is increasing due to continuous torrential rains in some parts of the country. Recently 5,000 families reported to be displaced in Amhara, Tigrey and Afar regions so far due to flooding that occurred between 22 and 24 August 2010. ERCS and ICRC joint assessment in Tigrey and Amhara reports that in Ambasel and Tewlerda woredas of South Wollo approx 1,368 hectares of land and crops were flooded or damaged by hail storm. Based on the assessment reports approximately 3,745 hectares of agricultural land was flooded during last few weeks.
Several landslides have been reported from the field including on 22 August 2010 in Mersa and Worgessa words of North Wollo causing injuries to 19 and death of 5 people. (IFRC, Sep 2010)
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This report covers the period 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2010.
The pastoral and agro-pastoral community of Southern Ethiopia is affected by drought caused by La Nina.
According to an assessment report of the government run Borena taskforce poor performance of the short term rainy season from September to November 2010 in all 13 districts of the Borena Administrative Zone in Oromia Regional State is the main cause of the drought.
The overall good performance of the 2010 belg and meher rains contributed to improving the food security situation in areas that benefit from the seasonal rains, apart for some pockets in the eastern lowlands areas.
- Following the meher harvest, which began in October 2010, food security has generally improved in the meher producing parts of the country. However, due to crop damage caused by widespread floods and other weather related shocks the meher harvest is likely to be lower than initially anticipated. The Humanitarian Requirement Documents outlining assistance needs is expected to be released in February 2011.
In recent months cereal prices have continued to follow a gradually decreasing trend and maize prices in the capital city were lower than prices on the international market.
Pockets of food insecurity exist due to different localized shocks such as poor rains in the southeast or floods in Amhara region, while tensions with rebel groups continue.
Food security is improving throughout the country, and the number of people in need of food assistance during the last months of the year decreased to 2.3 million.
The government with the help of international agencies is …
Poor water availability in the southeast likely to follow below-average Oct-Dec rains
h To date, the performance of bega/hageya/deyr rains has been below average as predicted. This has resulted in shortages of pasture and water in the southeastern pastoral and agropastoral parts of the country.
h Land preparation and planting of transitional crops, mainly sweet potato has been carried out as usual in SNNPR.
Call for Preemptive action to protect Livelihoods from confirmed La Niña event
- Preemptive action is needed to protect livelihoods & avoid later costly lifesavings emergency interventions.
- The FSNWG calls for The Humanitarian Community (donors, UN, NGOs) to be prepared NOW at regional & country levels.
- Focus should be on contingency planning & fun mobilization.
The government's Emergency Nutrition Coordination Unit (ENCU) reported a generally stable nutrition situation at the national level in September, although some areas in Amhara (Wogera woreda) and Benishangul Gumuz (Banbasi) require close monitoring. Assessments are planned for these woredas.
Convention on Cluster Munitions promoted at UN disarmament discussions
A special event on the Convention on Cluster Munitions took place on 19 October 2010 in New York during the UN First Committee on Disarmament and International Security. The event was co-hosted by Lao PDR and Japan and chaired by Mr Jarmo Sareva from UN ODA. A special opening message was given by Ms. Asha Rose Migiro, UN Deputy Secretary-General. Remarks were given by Mr. Akio Suda, Permanent Representative of Japan to CD; Ms.
The recent IGAD Climate Prediction and Application Centre (ICPAC) forecast confirms that a La Niña event continues and will likely persist into 2011. As a result, rainfall during the October?December period is likely to be below?average in the eastern sector of East Africa (Figure 1). An analysis of rainfall during past La Niña years suggests that while early season rainfall may be favorable, precipitation later in the season is likely to be erratic and end early.
Food Security Update
The latest FEWS-NET/WFP food security outlook indicates that food security has improved in meher (long cycle crops)- producing parts of the country with the start of the harvest in October and anticipates favorable conditions from October to March in most parts of the country. According to the report, prices of staple foods have reduced and household purchasing power has increased due to improvements in physical conditions of livestock.
- Food security has improved in the meher crop producing parts of the country following the start of the meher harvest this month.
The latest National Meteorology Agency (NMA) seasonal performance projection for the bega season (October to January) forecasts favourable conditions for meher harvest and post-harvest agricultural activities. The outlook for the bega season anticipates normal to above-normal rains across western, northwestern and southwestern parts of the country, including the western part of Tigray, western half of Amhara, some parts of SNNP, and Gambella, which should be conducive for perennial crops.
With the end of the kiremt (June to October) rains, the number of new cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) reported is decreasing. Over the past two weeks, 66 cases have been reported, according to the Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute (EHNRI), including 27 cases (none fatal) between 27 and 3 October in Amhara (Jiletumuga woreda, Oromia zone), Oromia (Gorodolla and Shakiso woredas, Guji zone) and SNNPR (Dilla Zuria and Yirgachefe woredas, Gedeo zone; Dera woreda, Sidama zone; and Dilla town).