Benin: Floods - Sep 2007
Most read reports
- OCHA: Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP): Humanitarian Appeal 2008. 16 Jul 2008
- IFRC: International Federation launches emergency appeal for floods preparedness in West and Central Africa. 11 Jul 2008
- OCHA: West Africa - Floods (as of 24 Sep 2007). 24 Sep 2007
- WHO: Health Action in Crises - Highlights No. 183 - 12 to 18 Nov 2007. 18 Nov 2007
- OCHA: Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP): Appeal 2008 for West Africa. 10 Dec 2007
Contexte, objectifs et méthodologie
Le Bénin a bénéficié d'une certaine croissance économique depuis le début des années 90 et a connu des progrès encourageants avec une réduction du niveau de la mortalité infantile, infanto juvénile et maternelle. Il reste cependant un des pays les plus pauvres au monde et se classait 163ème sur 177 pour l'indice de développement humain (IDH) en 2007. L'économie est essentiellement basée sur l'agriculture. Le Bénin est l'un des premiers producteurs africains de coton et a été très affecté par la crise de ce secteur en 2005.
Period covered by this Ops Update: 11 July-14 August 2008;
Appeal target (current): CHF 750,000 (USD 731,134 or EUR 462,475);
Appeal coverage: donor support is currently being recorded, and will be made available in the next update
- This Emergency Appeal was initially launched on a preliminary basis on 11 July 2008 for CHF 750,000 for 2
months to assist 47,500 beneficiaries.
- Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF 483,047 was allocated from the Federation's DREF to support the national society to respond.
A preliminary Emergency …
Summary of crises with major changes since beginning of 2008
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
At a regional level, humanitarian partners have for 2008 agreed to focus on five priority areas for humanitarian interventions in West Africa:
- Food Security and Nutrition;
- Rapid Response to Health Emergencies;
- Protection and Population Movements;
- Natural Disaster Preparedness;
- Water, Sanitation and Hygiene.
This preliminary Emergency Appeal seeks CHF 750,000 (USD 731,134 or EUR 462,475) in cash, kind, or services to support the National Societies of West and Central Africa to assist 47,500 beneficiaries.
CHF 483,047 has been allocated from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to start the planned activities. Discussions are currently taking place to reallocate approximately CHF 550,000 remaining from the 2007 West Africa floods appeal to support this appeal.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is very concerned about data which suggests severe flooding may occur in West and Central Africa for the second year running.
Dakar, 18 avril 2008 : Le Bureau Régional des Nations Unies pour la Coordination des Affaires Humanitaires (OCHA) et le Gouvernement du Sénégal (Direction de la Protection Civile du Ministère de l'Intérieur), ont organisé du 17 au 18 avril 2008 à Dakar (Hôtel Novotel), un atelier régional de concertation sur la préparation aux risques d'inondation liés à la saison des pluies 2008 en Afrique de l'ouest.
En Afrique, la violence des catastrophes naturelles est aggravée par la faiblesse des moyens alloués aux systèmes d'alerte précoce, aux moyens de secours et la fragilité …
What's a little bit of water, right?
But when a little rain, which is often initially welcomed, comes day after day and week after week - the water does become a problem. It drowns and rots the crops, kills livestock, causes rivers to overflow, causes landslides (that then destroy homes and communities), and increases the risk of diseases like malaria, dysentery and dengue fever.
In the last year, tens of millions of children and families have been directly affected by flooding - hundreds of thousands displaced from their homes.
- Four French tourists killed in Mauritania
- An anti-tank mine exploded in southern Niger
- The Niger government warns against sabotage acts
- Hostages detained by rebels are to be released on 28 December
- Mali and Guinea make efforts to bring durable solutions to border conflict
- Agricultural production decrease in Cape Verde, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal
- Disarmament launched in Côte d'Ivoire
- Avian flu detected in Benin
- Future opening of an OHCHR office in West Africa
- Dear cost of living cause violent protests in …
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The West Africa region continues to experience the devastating consequences of two decades of complex emergencies and recurrent natural disasters. One of the poorest regions of the world, its problems are compounded by geographical and logistical challenges, such as large expanses of landlocked areas and extremely poor transportation networks. Poverty, the lack of basic social services, and weak governance have all resulted in extreme vulnerability to recurrent disasters, epidemics, violence, insecurity and population displacements.
Each week, the World Health Organization Health Action in Crises in Geneva produces information highlights on critical health-related activities in countries where there are humanitarian crises. Drawing on the various WHO programmes, contributions cover activities from field and country offices and the support provided by WHO regional offices and headquarters. The mandate of the WHO departments specifically concerned with Emergency and Humanitarian Action in Crises is to increase the effectiveness of the WHO contribution to crisis preparedness and response, transition and recovery.
Around 800,000 people have been affected by floods in 14 countries in West Africa (Mali, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Niger, Côte d'Ivoire, Senegal, The Gambia, Liberia, Nigeria, Togo, Sierra Leone, Benin, Ghana and Guinea)(1) .
Louis Michel, the European Commissioner for Development and Humanitarian Aid and Josette Sheeran, Executive Director of the World Food Programme (WFP) jointly warned that "climate change is an increasing threat to development and humanitarian relief efforts" during WFP's Executive Board meeting today.
Mr. Michel, who is in Rome to address WFP's Executive Board, said: "The recent spate of weather-related disasters across the globe sets the alarm bells ringing.
Plus de 800 000 personnes sont affectées par les inondations en Afrique de l'Ouest.
Floods in West Africa
Around 800,000 people have been affected by floods in 14 countries in West Africa (Mali, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Niger, Côte d'Ivoire, Senegal, The Gambia, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Togo, Sierra Leone, Benin, Ghana and Guinea) .
WEST AFRICA FLOODS
The UN has allocated US $ 3.5 mn emergency response humanitarian assistance to Mali ( $ 1 mn), Ghana ( $ 2.5 mn) and Togo ( $1.4 mn). The grants are from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) created in 2006 by the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
In Ghana, the Flash Appeal requests a total amount of US$9,913,136.
UNICEF IS RESPONDING TO THE NEEDS OF FLOOD-AFFECTED FAMILIES IN GHANA, TOGO AND BURKINA FASO
In Ghana, the UN has committed to respond to 75,000 people in most immediate need, which includes an estimated 15,000 children under the age of five.
In Togo, an estimated 60,000 people have lost their homes and the floods and heavy rains have ruined 10 per cent of the farmland and contaminated boreholes- food shortages and disease are likely to occur in the future.
Latest figures from the Government of Burkina Faso report that up to 93,000 people have been affected by flooding.
This map illustrates the total August rainfall accumulation for East Africa, derived from the CMORPH precipitation dataset at a spatial resolution of approximately 10km for this region, and was calculated using microwave and infrared data from geostationary satellites. It is possible that precipitation levels may have been underestimated for local areas, and is not a substitute for ground station measurements.
Scope of floods
This year, floods have affected around 800,000 people in 13 countries in West Africa (Mali, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Niger, Côte d'Ivoire, Senegal, The Gambia, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Togo, Sierra Leone, Benin and Ghana)(1) . The situation is especially worrisome in the following countries: Ghana (over 330,000 affected), Togo (over 120,000 affected), Burkina Faso (over 92,900 affected) and Mali (over 42,000 affected).
Situation and response
So far Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Togo have requested international assistance.