Lao PDR/Cambodia: Floods - Jul 2018Ongoing
Heavy rainfall over a period of several days in Attapeu Province resulted in dangerously high river and dam levels. An incident at the Xepien-Xenamnoy Hydropower dam construction in Attapeu province resulted in flash flooding, with eight villages affected: Ban Mai; Ban HinLath; Ban ThaSengchan; Ban Thahintai; Ban Sanong; Ban Thae; Ban Phonsa-ath; and Ban Nongkhae. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 24 Jul 2018)
The collapse of the dam affected nearly 7,000 people and displacing more than 1,000 people. More than 100 houses were damaged, forcing people to seek shelter in local government buildings and schools. Red Cross teams in the Attepeu branch have distributed clothing, food and drinking water to households in the affected area. (IFRC/Lao Red Cross, 25 Jul 2018)
On 26 July, The IFRC released an appeal seeking a total of some 2.9 million Swiss francs, on a preliminary basis, to enable the [IFRC] to support the Lao Red Cross (LRC) to deliver assistance and support 7,500 people for 18 months. (IFRC, 26 Jul 2018)
In addition, Tropical Storm Son-Tinh affected several provinces, the most severe being Sanamxay District in the Attapeu Province. This is the largest flood the country has seen in the past 10 years. The UN activated five clusters: WASH, Health, Food Security and Nutrition, Shelter and Logistics. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 29 Jul 2018) The water level is receding slowly, but road access remains difficult. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 6 Aug 2018)
As of 28 July, 16,250 people have been affected by flooding in Attapeu Province following the impact of Tropical Storm Son Tinh that caused the Xepien-Xenamnoyu hydroelectric dam in Sanamxay District to break. 19 people are known to have died and more than 7,300 people have been displaced and are living in temporary shelters. Roads, bridges, schools and agricultural land has been damaged or destroyed, and most of the affected area remains cut off except by boat. There is an urgent need for food, sanitation and hygiene support, housing repair kits and psychosocial support.
Flood waters caused by the break of Xepien-Xenamnoyu dam in southern Lao PDR are flowing downstream, resulting in the evacuation of more than 5,600 people in Stung Treng Province, northern Cambodia. As of 31 July, no people have been reported dead or missing. The water level at Stung Treng is at 10.7m and forecast to reach flood level within five days. Local authorities are distributing relief items and NGOs have deployed staff to assist in monitoring the situation. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2018)
Tropical Storm Son-Tinh caused heavy rains in 13 provinces and unprecedented flash floods in Sanamxay District in Attapeu Province. As of 6 August, the water level is receding slowly, but access to the affected area remains challenging due to floods and mud. Some areas are accessible only by helicopter. Based on the Government’s information, 13 villages have been affected, five are considered severely affected. The Government has declared the affected area as a National Disaster Zone. Current identified needs are water, health, food, shelter and psychosocial support. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 6 Aug 2018)
On 7 August, the Humanitarian Country Team launched a Disaster Response Plan to provide life-saving assistance to 13,100 people affected by the flash floods and re-establish their basic livelihoods. The Plan asks for US$5.6 million in humanitarian relief and recovery support across eight clusters: Education, Food Security and Nutrition, Health, Protection, including Child Protection and Gender-Based Violence, Shelter, including camp management, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, Early Recovery and Coordination. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 9 Aug 2018)
As of 13 August, 45 districts in Cambodia have been affected by flooding, after flood waters flowed south from Lao PDR. Almost 70,500 families have been affected, including 7,150 families who have been evacuated from their homes. In addition, 21,400 schools and 4,100 health facilities have been impacted by the floods. Local government and NGOs are providing people with food, NFIs, health support and cash assistance. (OCHA, 14 Aug 2018)
Tropical Cyclone Bebinca led to flooding in northern Laos, with impacts also felt in the south of the country. Heavy and consistent rain since 13 August has led to rising river levels in Attapeu province, where the hydro-electric dam collapsed less than a month ago. This is causing flooding and restricting access to Sanamxay, hampering the delivery of aid to areas affected by the dam collapse. Authorities are closely monitoring the level of the Mekong River and its tributaries. (OCHA, 20 Aug 2018)
As of 6 August, the flood had affected over 13,000 people. Over 6,000 of those have been evacuated to emergency camps. UNICEF and partners, with support from USAID, are installing water points (drilling boreholes with hand motorized pump) and toilets in the camps, as well as distributing 200,000 water purification tablets.(UNICEF 12 Sep 2018)
While the emergency support of the international community had originally focused on the impact of the flash floods following a dam break on 23 July in Attapeu province, given the ongoing rains, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 1 October expanded its request for assistance to the entire country. The Humanitarian Country Team in Lao PDR have selected the six hardest-hit districts in Khammouane province, focusing on lifesaving activities, and have applied to the Central Emergency Response Fund to address the life-threating consequences of the flooding in the province. (OCHA, 8 Oct 2018)
According to Government reports, as of 15 October, more than 2,300 villages, 126,000 families and 616,000 people were reported to be affected by the floods. A total of 16,739 people remains evacuated from their villages. 1,779 Houses were reported as destroyed and 514 as damaged. All schools in Sanamxay are now operating. However, some students irregularly attend in some primary and secondary schools, primarily due to shortages of classrooms, teachers and school meals. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 19 Oct 2018)
With the rainy season coming to an end, the disaster damages and losses can be expected to have stabilized. The recovery phase is underway. A new six-month programme has been launched with US$ 3.5 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to provide humanitarian assistance to 110,000 households in the six most affected districts of Khammouane province. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 2 Nov 2018)
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385 metric tons of food assistance distributed
WFP’s operations in Lao PDR are fully funded until April 2019 thanks to the generous support of WFP’s donors
155,387 people assisted
US$ 25,000 in cash distributed
WFP continues to support the Government’s response to widespread floods throughout the country.
Survivors of July’s disaster at the Xe Pian Xe Namnoy (PNPC) hydropower project in Champassak, Laos are calling upon the local and national governments for relief, after failing to receive promised allowances for living expenses for the past two month., according to a local official.
Two tropical storms and sustained heavy rainfall during July, August and September 2018 have affected the entire country, including an estimated 2,400 villages and 132,000 households. 3,616 households have been evacuated, and 55 people reportedly died. Approximately 150 km of national and provincial roads, as well as 133 km of district and 350 km of rural roads and 47 bridges have been damaged.
- Tropical Cyclone THIRTYTHREE (named SAMUEL in the Philippines) continued moving westward passing over western Visayas Islands, Sulu Sea and northern Palawan Islands, slighty strenghtening. Heavy rainfalls and strong winds are currently affecting central-southern Luzon, Mindoro Island and Palawan Island.
With the rainy season coming to an end, the disaster damages and losses can be expected to have stabilized. There has been no recent update of Government figures. 2,382 villages, 126,736 families, 616,145 people are reported as affected. 1,779 Houses are destroyed and 514 damaged. 90,000 ha of paddy fields and 11,000 ha of other plantations have been destroyed, and 630 km of roads and 47 bridges have been damaged.
By Roseanne Gerin
The Lao dam disaster in July that resulted in heavy flooding in two provinces that left at least 40 people dead and displaced 7,000 others has drawn both regional and international attention to the potential dangers of Southeast Asia’s current dam-building spree.
With plans for 11 large dams either proposed or under construction on the mainstream of the lower Mekong River in Laos and Cambodia, and for about 140 dams on Mekong tributaries in Laos, more disasters are likely to occur, experts say.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
The collapse of the Xe-Pian Xe-Namnoy dam on 23 July 2018 as a result of Tropical Storm Son Tinh that had made land fall days earlier, has caused massive flash floods that affected 13,100 people and displaced 6,000 people, leaving 39 dead and around 97 missing (according to UN Situation Report no. 9).
By Tiamkare Thitithamtada, IFRC
Three months since the collapse of Laos’ Xe-Pian Xe-Namnoy hydro-power dam cut a path of destruction through 13 villages in the province of Attapeu, many communities, including that of Mai Village, are finally able to move into government-built temporary housing after spending weeks in emergency shelters. The housing provides more privacy for the families in the village, comes with toilets and bathrooms installed for the men and women, and is fitted with electricity.
The governor of a province in Laos hit by flooding from a dam breach earlier this year has issued conflicting estimates of the projected cost to house displaced persons, giving figures deemed unnecessarily high by another official source and contradicting statements he himself had made earlier in an interview.
On July 23, water poured over a saddle dam at the Xe Pian Xe Namnoy hydropower project in Champassak in southern Laos, sweeping away homes and causing severe flooding in up to 12 villages downstream in Champassak and neighboring Attapeu province.
526 metric tons of food assistance distributed
US$ 0 six months (October-March) net funding requirements
163,783 people assisted in September 2018
WFP continues to support the government’s response to floods throughout the country.
According to Government figures as of 15 October, which are similar to the ones reported in the last Information Bulletin of 5 October, 2,382 villages, 126,736 families and 616,145 people are reported to be affected by the floods.
A total of 16,739 people remains evacuated from their villages. 1,779 Houses are reported as destroyed and 514 as damaged. 90,000 ha of paddy fields and 11,000 ha of other plantations have been destroyed, and 630 km of roads and 47 bridges have been damaged.
133,405 households and 648,605 individuals have been affected by the flooding resulting from tropical storms Sontinh and Bebinca and the sustained rainfalls, according to the latest Government reports. A total of 16,739 people have been evacuated from their villages. With the rainy season expected to continue into November, these numbers could increase. It is expected that the emergency response will be ongoing until the rainy season has ended. At the same time, the early recovery phase has started.
Following the collapes of an under-construction dam in Southeastern Laos, Ms. Kanungnij Chantatin, Head of the Capacity Building and Disaster Preparedness Unit of the TRCS Relief Division, and Ms. Porntheera Chaleekort, Registered Nurse 6 of the Thai Red Cross Health Station No.7 in Ubon Ratchathani Province, were deployed as the Regional Disaster Response Team (RDRT) to Laos for relief and WASH support.
East Asia and the Pacific is the most disaster-stricken region in the world.
1 In 2016, disasters affected more than 86 million people in the region, compared with 40 million people in 2015.
2 In February 2018, Papua New Guinea was struck by a 7.5 magnitude earthquake which caused devastating landslides and widespread destruction. Some 270,000 people, including 125,000 children, are in need of immediate lifesaving assistance.
Part of the Xe-Pian Xe-Namnoy hydropower dam in Champasak and Attapeu Provinces, Southeastern Laos, the subsidiary dam under construction collapsed on 23 July 2018. The collapse resulted in flooding of several villages with 5,000 million cubic meters of water resulting in more than 20 people dead and leaving around 100 people missing and 6,600 people homeless.