Lao PDR/Cambodia: Floods - Jul 2018Ongoing
Heavy rainfall over a period of several days in Attapeu Province resulted in dangerously high river and dam levels. An incident at the Xepien-Xenamnoy Hydropower dam construction in Attapeu province resulted in flash flooding, with eight villages affected: Ban Mai; Ban HinLath; Ban ThaSengchan; Ban Thahintai; Ban Sanong; Ban Thae; Ban Phonsa-ath; and Ban Nongkhae. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 24 Jul 2018)
The collapse of the dam affected nearly 7,000 people and displacing more than 1,000 people. More than 100 houses were damaged, forcing people to seek shelter in local government buildings and schools. Red Cross teams in the Attepeu branch have distributed clothing, food and drinking water to households in the affected area. (IFRC/Lao Red Cross, 25 Jul 2018)
On 26 July, The IFRC released an appeal seeking a total of some 2.9 million Swiss francs, on a preliminary basis, to enable the [IFRC] to support the Lao Red Cross (LRC) to deliver assistance and support 7,500 people for 18 months. (IFRC, 26 Jul 2018)
In addition, Tropical Storm Son-Tinh affected several provinces, the most severe being Sanamxay District in the Attapeu Province. This is the largest flood the country has seen in the past 10 years. The UN activated five clusters: WASH, Health, Food Security and Nutrition, Shelter and Logistics. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 29 Jul 2018) The water level is receding slowly, but road access remains difficult. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 6 Aug 2018)
As of 28 July, 16,250 people have been affected by flooding in Attapeu Province following the impact of Tropical Storm Son Tinh that caused the Xepien-Xenamnoyu hydroelectric dam in Sanamxay District to break. 19 people are known to have died and more than 7,300 people have been displaced and are living in temporary shelters. Roads, bridges, schools and agricultural land has been damaged or destroyed, and most of the affected area remains cut off except by boat. There is an urgent need for food, sanitation and hygiene support, housing repair kits and psychosocial support.
Flood waters caused by the break of Xepien-Xenamnoyu dam in southern Lao PDR are flowing downstream, resulting in the evacuation of more than 5,600 people in Stung Treng Province, northern Cambodia. As of 31 July, no people have been reported dead or missing. The water level at Stung Treng is at 10.7m and forecast to reach flood level within five days. Local authorities are distributing relief items and NGOs have deployed staff to assist in monitoring the situation. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2018)
Tropical Storm Son-Tinh caused heavy rains in 13 provinces and unprecedented flash floods in Sanamxay District in Attapeu Province. As of 6 August, the water level is receding slowly, but access to the affected area remains challenging due to floods and mud. Some areas are accessible only by helicopter. Based on the Government’s information, 13 villages have been affected, five are considered severely affected. The Government has declared the affected area as a National Disaster Zone. Current identified needs are water, health, food, shelter and psychosocial support. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 6 Aug 2018)
On 7 August, the Humanitarian Country Team launched a Disaster Response Plan to provide life-saving assistance to 13,100 people affected by the flash floods and re-establish their basic livelihoods. The Plan asks for US$5.6 million in humanitarian relief and recovery support across eight clusters: Education, Food Security and Nutrition, Health, Protection, including Child Protection and Gender-Based Violence, Shelter, including camp management, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, Early Recovery and Coordination. (UNCT Laos/OCHA, 9 Aug 2018)
As of 13 August, 45 districts in Cambodia have been affected by flooding, after flood waters flowed south from Lao PDR. Almost 70,500 families have been affected, including 7,150 families who have been evacuated from their homes. In addition, 21,400 schools and 4,100 health facilities have been impacted by the floods. Local government and NGOs are providing people with food, NFIs, health support and cash assistance. (OCHA, 14 Aug 2018)
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As of 19 August, the worst flooding since 1924 in Kerala state has caused 361 deaths with 725,000 people displaced to relief camps. More than 233,179 people were evacuated and damage caused by the floods may total over US$2.84 billion. The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) sent a total of 59 teams to rescue marooned people, the largest deployment by the NDRF in a single state. Helicopters have been dropping emergency food and water supplies across Kerala, while special trains carrying drinking water and rice have been sent to the state.
Regional Summary of Week 33 and Outlook for Week 34
1) In Week 33, the AHA Centre observed drought reports in southern part of ASEAN region, effect of Tropical Storm (TS) Bebinca, and increased earthquake & volcano activities.
2) Drought events have been reported in several locations of Borneo and Java.
3) TS Bebinca brought torrential rain, and consequently floods and landslides in Viet Nam, Lao PDR, and Thailand. Thousands of people remain displaced due to flooding in effect of southwest monsoon in Philippines (NDRRMC, DSWD).
In flood-hit southern Lao PDR this World Humanitarian Day, UNFPA and partners are intensifying relief efforts for affected populations, including women and girls, as the misery continues almost a month after disaster struck, including the collapse of a dam and the devastation that calamity triggered for tens of thousands of civilians in the area.
More than 5,000 Laotians living in temporary camps in Attapeu province following displacement by flooding from a dam collapse last month in neighboring Champassak province have appealed to the Lao government for more food, basic necessities, and cooking utensils, saying that officials have failed to deliver on a pledge to help them.
Highlights and Key Priority
Water are seceding in most provinces, however in some area more slowly than expected.
National and sub-national authority, the Cambodia Red Cross and International and Local NGOs continue assisting the affected population particularly with food and non-food items (NFI) distributions, and in the areas of water, sanitation and hygiene, shelter, health, education and protection.
Sizable of families affected in the provinces of Kampong Cham, Prey Veng, Kratie and Tbong Khmom.
Evacuation centres housing people forced to flee following last month’s devastating dam collapse have been cut off by more flooding.
Recent monsoon rains have caused a crucial bridge to collapse, leaving more than 3,700 people stranded in harsh conditions at existing camps in Sanamxay. Lao Red Cross volunteers are also stranded in the area.
• NCHMF reported that there may be a high risk of flash floods and landslides after the storm has made landfall. Rainfall is expected to be high in several locations: Son La, Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa, Nghe An and Nghe An. These are located in the Northern Viet Nam region which were also earlier affected by TS Son Tinh in July.
This report is produced by the Office of the Resident Coordinator Lao PDR in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The next report is expected to be issued on Thursday 23 August 2018.
The Sekaman hydro-power plant in Attapeu has released water today as river levels are rising due to continuous rain in the area.
By Derin Henderson
In July, Lao PDR experienced significant increases in water levels due to heavy rains from the southwest monsoon. The adverse effects were exacerbated by Tropical Storm Son-Tinh, which blew through several provinces in the south on July 18. The tropical storm damaged one of seven dams in a large hydroelectric network along the Xe-Pian River, in Attapeu Province.
As of 6 August, 67 people had been killed, 128 injured and 222 houses damaged due to flooding as a result of heavy rains between 20 June and 5 August. Heavy rains, the overflow of water channels and high winds caused most of the damage to property and loss of life. The greatest number of fatalities have been reported in the Punjab province where 31 people have died, and 71 people have been injured.
Due to the monsoon season and heavy rainfall resulting from Tropical Storm SON-TINH passing over Northern, Central and Southern Laos PDR. The storm leading flood flowing from the broke Sepa- Nam Noi in Attapeu Province, Laos PDR causing flooded and affected the downstream to 5 provinces and a city along Mekong river. In addition, there are 6 provinces were affected by flash floods and heavy rain.
TTAPEU PROVINCE, LAOS — Samled Inthavong had almost finished hoisting his family members into a boat when a building uprooted by the collapse of a dam upstream slammed into his house.
Bobbing atop the surging floodwaters in the inky midnight darkness, he could only watch as his house caved in on his grandparents trapped inside.
“My grandparents couldn’t move. They died in the house,” he said in a rescue center where he sat with his few remaining possessions, including a photo of his grandmother Chanthai shot on a mobile phone.
a. Due to monsoon season and heavy rainfall brought by TS 11 (Son-Tinh), 762 villages in 55 districts of 13 provinces have reported flooding as of 1 Aug 2018.
b. On 24 July 2018, collateral flash-flood occurred in Attapeu Province due to water discharge from Xepien-Xe Nam Noyu Dam, affecting more than 13,088 people.
Summary of RDRT Operation at effected area by devastating flash flood in Attapue province, Lao PDR
BANGKOK, 9th August 2018 (NNT) - The Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT) delivered 383,300 baht of donated money to flood-affected people in Lao PDR.
The TAT Governor, Yuthasak Supasorn, said on Thursday (Aug 9th) that TAT organized a charity golf event to raise funds for the flood-stricken people of Laos. Many people are missing and several are feared dead after an under-construction hydropower dam in southern Laos collapsed, causing flash floods which swept away homes.
Applications for UN International Conference on Space-Based Technologies for Disaster Risk Reduction close 31 August
• The water level is receding in most affected areas, but road access remains difficult due to floods and mud. Some areas are accessible only by helicopter.
• Based on the Government’s information, 13 villages have been affected, five are considered severely affected. The Government has declared the affected area a National Disaster Zone.
• About 2,100 people in the Ban Bok camp and the three camps accessible only by air require additional support.
At a glance
- On Monday 23 July, heavy rains overwhelmed an auxiliary dam of a hydroelectric project, causing catastrophic flash flooding in villages downstream.
- More than a hundred people remain missing and thousands are taking shelter in temporary camps.
- WHO is working with the Ministry of Health and partners to prevent, detect and control disease outbreaks and ensure affected communities can access life-saving health services.
Flood Affected Update:
Due to the monsoon season and heavy rainfall resulting from Tropical Storm SON-TINH passing over Northern, Central and Southern Laos PDR. The storm leading flood flowing from the broke Sepa- Nam Noi in Attapeu Province, Laos PDR causing flooded and affected the downstream to 4 provinces and a city along Mekong river and leading as result of flash flooding in other 4 provinces at the south and 1 at the northwest part of Cambodia.